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Hebrews 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore I was displeased with this generation, And said, They do always err in their heart: But they did not know my ways;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “THEREFORE I WAS ANGRY WITH THIS GENERATION, AND SAID, ‘THEY ALWAYS GO ASTRAY IN THEIR HEART, AND THEY DID NOT KNOW MY WAYS’;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do always err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore I was wroth with this generation, and said, They always err in heart; and *they* have not known my ways;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore I was sore vexed with this generation, and said, Always err they in their heart;—howbeit, they, learned not my ways:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, Always do they go astray in heart, and these have not known My ways;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Forty years: for which cause I was offended with this generation, and I said: They always err in heart. And they have not known my ways.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore I was grieued with that generation, and sayd, They doe alway erre in their hearts, and they haue not knowen my wayes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— On which account I was wearied with that generation; and said, It is a people that doth err (in) their heart, and that hath not known my ways.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore I was disgusted with that generation, and said: This is a people, whose heart wandereth, and they have not known my ways:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
I was grieved 4360
{4360} Prime
προσοχθίζω
prosochthizo
{pros-okh-thid'-zo}
From G4314 and a form of ὀχθέω [[ochtheo]] (to be vexed with something irksome); to feel indignant at.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
with that 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
generation, 1074
{1074} Prime
γενεά
genea
{ghen-eh-ah'}
From (a presumed derivative of) G1085; a generation; by implication an age (the period or the persons).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
They do y4105
[4105] Standard
πλανάω
planao
{plan-ah'-o}
From G4106; to (properly cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
alway 104
{0104} Prime
ἀεί
aei
{ah-eye'}
From an obsolete primary noun (apparently meaning continued duration); 'ever'; by qualification regularly; by implication earnestly.
err 4105
{4105} Prime
πλανάω
planao
{plan-ah'-o}
From G4106; to (properly cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
in [their] heart; 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
have y1097
[1097] Standard
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
known 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
ways. 3598
{3598} Prime
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 3:7-11.


Hebrews 3:10

_ _ grieved — displeased. Compare “walk contrary,” Leviticus 26:24, Leviticus 26:28.

_ _ that generation — “that” implies alienation and estrangement. But the oldest manuscripts read, “this.”

_ _ said — “grieved,” or “displeased,” at their first offense. Subsequently when they hardened their heart in unbelief still more, He sware in His wrath (Hebrews 3:11); an ascending gradation (compare Hebrews 3:17, Hebrews 3:18).

_ _ and they have not knownGreek, “But these very persons,” etc. They perceived I was displeased with them, yet they, the same persons, did not a whit the more wish to know my ways [Bengel]; compare “but they,” Psalms 106:43.

_ _ not known my ways — not known practically and believingly the ways in which I would have had them go, so as to reach My rest (Exodus 18:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 3:7-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 3:10

Wherefore — To speak after the manner of men. I was grieved — Displeased, offended with that generation, and said, They always err in their hearts — They are led astray by their stubborn will and vile affections. And — For this reason, because wickedness has blinded their understanding. They have not known my ways — By which I would have led them like a flock. Into my rest — In the promised land.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 3:10

Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway (h) err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.

(h) They are brutish and angry.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I was:

Genesis 6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
Judges 10:16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.
Psalms 78:40 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, [and] grieve him in the desert!
Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] he fought against them.
Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched [it] out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

err:

Hebrews 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Psalms 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation [that] set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.
Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
John 3:19-20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
John 8:45 And because I tell [you] the truth, ye believe me not.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

they have:

Psalms 67:2 That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations.
Psalms 95:10 Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:
Psalms 147:20 He hath not dealt so with any nation: and [as for his] judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD.
Jeremiah 4:22 For my people [is] foolish, they have not known me; they [are] sottish children, and they have none understanding: they [are] wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.
Romans 3:7 For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:6. Jg 10:16. Ps 67:2; 78:8, 40; 95:10; 147:20. Is 28:7; 63:10. Jr 4:22. Ho 4:12. Mk 3:5. Jn 3:19; 8:45. Ro 1:28; 3:7. Ep 4:30. 2Th 2:10. He 3:12.

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