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Hebrews 2:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But we behold him who hath been made a little lower than the angels, [even] Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that by the grace of God he should taste of death for every [man].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, [namely], Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, so that by the grace of God He might taste death for everyone.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but we see Jesus, who [was] made some little inferior to angels on account of the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; so that by the grace of God he should taste death for every thing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, Jesus, made some little less than messengers, we do behold: by reason of the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour, to the end that, by favour of God, in behalf of every one, he might taste of death.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and him who was made some little less than messengers we see—Jesus—because of the suffering of the death, with glory and honour having been crowned, that by the grace of God for every one he might taste of death.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour: that, through the grace of God he might taste death for all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But wee see Iesus, who was made a little lower then the Angels, for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour, that hee by the grace of God should taste death for euery man.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But him who was humbled to be less than the angels, we see to be Jeshu himself, for the sake of the passion of his death; and glory and honour set upon his head; for He Aloha, in his grace, for every man hath tasted death!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But we see him, who was depressed somewhat lower than the angels, to be this Jesus, because of the passion of his death; and glory and honor are placed on his head; for God himself, in his grace, tasted death for all men.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
we see 991
{0991} Prime
βλέπω
blepo
{blep'-o}
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jesus, 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
was made y1642
[1642] Standard
ἐλαττόω
elattoo
{el-at-to'-o}
From G1640; to lessen (in rank or influence).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
a little y1024
[1024] Standard
βραχύς
brachus
{brakh-ooce'}
Of uncertain affinity; short (of time, place, quantity, or number).
y5100
[5100] Standard
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
lower 1642
{1642} Prime
ἐλαττόω
elattoo
{el-at-to'-o}
From G1640; to lessen (in rank or influence).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
x1023
(1023) Complement
βραχίων
brachion
{brakh-ee'-own}
Properly a comparative of G1024, but apparently in the sense of βράσσω [[brasso]] (to wield); the arm, that is, (figuratively) strength.
x5100
(5100) Complement
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
than 3844
{3844} Prime
παρά
para
{par-ah'}
A primary preposition; properly near, that is, (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]). In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
the angels 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
suffering 3804
{3804} Prime
πάθημα
pathema
{path'-ay-mah}
From a presumed derivative of G3806; something undergone, that is, hardship or pain; subjectively an emotion or influence.
of death, 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
crowned 4737
{4737} Prime
στεφανόω
stephanoo
{stef-an-o'-o}
From G4735; to adorn with an honorary wreath (literally or figuratively).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
with glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
honour; 5092
{5092} Prime
τιμή
time
{tee-may'}
From G5099; a value, that is, money paid, or (concretely and collectively) valuables; by analogy esteem (especially of the highest degree), or the dignity itself.
that 3704
{3704} Prime
ὅπως
hopos
{hop'-oce}
From G3739 and G4459; what (-ever) how, that is, in the manner that (as adverb or conjugation of coincidence, intentional or actual).
he y1089
[1089] Standard
γεύομαι
geuomai
{ghyoo'-om-ahee}
A primary verb; to taste; by implication to eat; figuratively to experience (good or ill).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
by the grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
should taste 1089
{1089} Prime
γεύομαι
geuomai
{ghyoo'-om-ahee}
A primary verb; to taste; by implication to eat; figuratively to experience (good or ill).
z5667
<5667> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 55
death 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
every man. 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 2:9

_ _ But — We see not man as yet exercising lordship over all things, “but rather, Him who was made a little lower than the angels (compare Luke 22:43), we behold (by faith: a different Greek verb from that for ‘we see,Hebrews 2:8, which expresses the impression which our eyes passively receive from objects around us; whereas, ‘we behold,’ or ‘look at,’ implies the direction and intention of one deliberately regarding something which he tries to see: so Hebrews 3:19; Hebrews 10:25, Greek), namely, Jesus, on account of His suffering of death, crowned,” etc. He is already crowned, though unseen by us, save by faith; hereafter all things shall be subjected to Him visibly and fully. The ground of His exaltation is “on account of His having suffered death” (Hebrews 2:10; Philippians 2:8, Philippians 2:9).

_ _ that he by the grace of God — (Titus 2:11; Titus 3:4). The reading of Origen, “That He without God” (laying aside His Divinity; or, for every being save God: or perhaps alluding to His having been temporarily “forsaken,” as the Sin-bearer, by the Father on the cross), is not supported by the manuscripts. The “that,” etc., is connected with “crowned with glory,” etc., thus: His exaltation after sufferings is the perfecting or consummation of His work (Hebrews 2:10) for us: without it His death would have been ineffectual; with it, and from it, flows the result that His tasting of death is available for (in behalf of, for the good of) every man. He is crowned as the Head in heaven of our common humanity, presenting His blood as the all-prevailing plea for us. This coronation above makes His death applicable for every individual man (observe the singular; not merely “for all men”), Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 9:24; 1 John 2:2. “Taste death” implies His personal experimental undergoing of death: death of the body, and death (spiritually) of the soul, in His being forsaken of the Father. “As a physician first tastes his medicines to encourage his sick patient to take them, so Christ, when all men feared death, in order to persuade them to be bold in meeting it, tasted it Himself, though He had no need” [Chrysostom]. (Hebrews 2:14, Hebrews 2:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 2:5-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 2:9

It is done only with regard to Jesus, God — Man, who is now crowned with glory and honour — As a reward for his having suffered death. He was made a little lower than the angels — Who cannot either suffer or die. That by the grace of God, he might taste death — An expression denoting both the reality of his death, and the shortness of its continuance. For every man — That ever was or will be born into the world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 2:9

(6) But we (l) see Jesus, who was made a little (m) lower than the angels (7) for the (n) suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should (o) taste death for (8) every man.

(6) The answer: this is already fulfilled in Jesus Christ our head, who was temporarily for our sakes inferior to the angels, being made man: but now is advanced into most high glory.

(l) By his virtue and power which appears revealed in the Church.

(m) Who abased himself for a time, and took the position of a servant. (7) He shows the cause of this subjection, that is, to taste death for our sakes, that in so doing the part of a redeemer, he might not only be our Prophet and King, but also our High Priest.

(n) That he might die.

(o) Feel death. (8) In this exists the force of the argument: for we could not eventually be glorified with him, unless he was abased for us, even for all the elect. By this event the apostle comes to the other part of the declaration of Christ's person, in which he proved him to be God and also man.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Jesus:

Hebrews 8:3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore [it is] of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
Hebrews 10:5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Isaiah 53:2-10 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him. ... Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Philippians 2:7-9 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: ... Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:

for the:
or, by the

crowned:

Psalms 21:3-5 For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head. ... His glory [is] great in thy salvation: honour and majesty hast thou laid upon him.
Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
Revelation 19:12 His eyes [were] as a flame of fire, and on his head [were] many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

by:

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
Romans 5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one [judgment came] upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one [the free gift came] upon all men unto justification of life.
Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain.
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.

taste:

Matthew 6:28 And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin:
Mark 9:1 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That there be some of them that stand here, which shall not taste of death, till they have seen the kingdom of God come with power.
Luke 9:27 But I tell you of a truth, there be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the kingdom of God.
John 8:52 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death.

for every:

John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
John 12:32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me.
2 Corinthians 5:15 And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.
Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Ps 21:3. Is 7:14; 11:1; 53:2. Mt 6:28. Mk 9:1. Lk 9:27. Jn 1:29; 3:16; 8:52; 12:32. Ac 2:33. Ro 5:8, 18; 8:3, 32. 2Co 5:15, 21; 6:1. Ga 4:4. Php 2:7. 1Ti 2:6. He 8:3; 10:5. 1Jn 2:2; 4:9. Rv 5:9; 19:12.

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