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Hebrews 2:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— God also bearing witness with them, both by signs and wonders, and by manifold powers, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to his own will.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— God also testifying with them, both by signs and wonders and by various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit according to His own will.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— God also bearing [them] testimony, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to his own will?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— God bearing, besides, witness with [them] to [it], both by signs and wonders, and various acts of power, and distributions of [the] Holy Spirit, according to his will?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— God, jointly witnessing also, both with signs and wonders and manifold mighty works, and with distributions of Holy Spirit, according to his own will?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— God also bearing joint-witness both with signs and wonders, and manifold powers, and distributions of the Holy Spirit, according to His will.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— God also bearing them witness by signs and wonders and divers miracles and distributions of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— God also bearing them witnesse, both with signes & wonders, and with diuers miracles, and gifts of the holy Ghost, according to his owne will?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— when Aloha witnessed concerning them by signs, and by miracles, and by various powers, and by distributed gifts of the Spirit of Holiness, that were bestowed according to his will.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— while God gave testimony concerning them, by signs and wonders, and by various miracles and distributions of the Holy Spirit, which were given according to his pleasure?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
also bearing [them] witness, 4901
{4901} Prime
συνεπιμαρτυρέω
sunepimartureo
{soon-ep-ee-mar-too-reh'-o}
From G4862 and G1957; to testify further jointly, that is, unite in adding evidence.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
both 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
with signs 4592
{4592} Prime
σημεῖον
semeion
{say-mi'-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of G4591; an indication, especially ceremonially or supernaturally.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
wonders, 5059
{5059} Prime
τέρας
teras
{ter'-as}
Of uncertain affinity; a prodigy or omen.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
with divers 4164
{4164} Prime
ποικίλος
poikilos
{poy-kee'-los}
Of uncertain derivation; motley, that is, various in character.
miracles, 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
gifts 3311
{3311} Prime
μερισμός
merismos
{mer-is-mos'}
From G3307; a separation or distribution.
of the Holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
according x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
his own y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
will? 2308
{2308} Prime
θέλησις
thelesis
{thel'-ay-sis}
From G2309; determination (properly the act), that is, option.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 2:4

_ _ them — rather, “God also [as well as Christ, Hebrews 2:3] bearing witness to it,” etc., joining in attestation of it.

_ _ signs and wonders — performed by Christ and His apostles. “Signs” and miracles, or other facts regarded as proofs of a divine mission; “wonders” are miracles viewed as prodigies, causing astonishment (Acts 2:22, Acts 2:33); “powers” are miracles viewed as evidences of superhuman power.

_ _ divers miraclesGreek, “varied (miraculous) powers” (2 Corinthians 12:12) granted to the apostles after the ascension.

_ _ gifts, etc. — Greek, “distributions.” The gift of the Holy Spirit was given to Christ without measure (John 3:34), but to us it is distributed in various measures and operations (Romans 12:3, Romans 12:6, etc.; 1 Corinthians 12:4-11).

_ _ according to his own will — God’s free and sovereign will, assigning one gift of the Spirit to one, another to another (Acts 5:32; Ephesians 1:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 2:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 2:4

By signs and wonders — While he lived. And various miracles and distributions of the Holy Ghost — Miraculous gifts, distributed after his exaltation. According to his will — Not theirs who received them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 2:4

God also bearing [them] witness, both with (e) signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?

(e) This is the true purpose of miracles. Now they are called signs, because they appear as one thing, and represent another: and they are called wonders, because they represent some strange and unaccustomed thing: and powers because they give us a glimpse of God's mighty power.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Mark 16:20 And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with [them], and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, [even] the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
Acts 2:32-33 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. ... Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
Acts 3:15-16 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses. ... And his name through faith in his name hath made this man strong, whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.
Acts 4:10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
Acts 14:3 Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands.
Acts 19:11-12 And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul: ... So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them.
Romans 15:18-19 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed, ... Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.

gifts:
or, distributions,
1 Corinthians 12:4-11 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. ... But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will.
Ephesians 4:8-11 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. ... And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

according:

Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth [are] reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and [among] the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?
Ephesians 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
Ephesians 1:9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
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Dn 4:35. Mk 16:20. Jn 15:26. Ac 2:32; 3:15; 4:10; 14:3; 19:11. Ro 15:18. 1Co 12:4. Ep 1:5, 9; 4:8.

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