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Hebrews 2:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if the word spoken through angels proved stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if the word spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just penalty,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For if the word which was spoken by angels was firm, and every transgression and disobedience received just retribution,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, if the word through messengers spoken became firm, and, every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for if the word being spoken through messengers did become stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience did receive a just recompense,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if the word spoken by angels became steadfast and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if the word spoken by Angels was stedfast, and euery transgression and disobedience receiued a iust recompense of reward:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if the word which was uttered by angels was confirmed, and every one who heard it, and transgressed against it, received a just retribution,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if the word uttered by the medium of angels was confirmed, and every one who heard it, and transgressed it, received a just retribution;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
spoken 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
angels 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
was 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
stedfast, 949
{0949} Prime
βέβαιος
bebaios
{beb'-ah-yos}
From the base of G0939 (through the idea of basality); stable (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
transgression 3847
{3847} Prime
παράβασις
parabasis
{par-ab'-as-is}
From G3845; violation.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
disobedience 3876
{3876} Prime
παρακοή
parakoe
{par-ak-o-ay'}
From G3878; inattention, that is, (by implication) disobedience.
received 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
a just 1738
{1738} Prime
ἔνδικος
endikos
{en'-dee-kos}
From G1722 and G1349; in the right, that is, equitable.
recompence of reward; 3405
{3405} Prime
μισθαποδοσία
misthapodosia
{mis-thap-od-os-ee'-ah}
From G3406; requital (good or bad).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 2:2

_ _ (Compare Hebrews 2:3.) Argument a fortiori.

_ _ spoken by angels — the Mosaic law spoken by the ministration of angels (Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 68:17; Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19). When it is said, Exodus 20:1, “God spake,” it is meant He spake by angels as His mouthpiece, or at least angels repeating in unison with His voice the words of the Decalogue; whereas the Gospel was first spoken by the Lord alone.

_ _ was steadfastGreek,was made steadfast,” or “confirmed”: was enforced by penalties on those violating it.

_ _ transgression — by doing evil; literally, overstepping its bounds: a positive violation of it.

_ _ disobedience — by neglecting to do good: a negative violation of it.

_ _ recompense — (Deuteronomy 32:35).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 2:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 2:2

In giving the law, God spoke by angels; but in proclaiming the gospel, by his Son. Steadfast — Firm and valid. Every transgression — Commission of sin. Every disobedience — Omission of duty.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 2:2

For if the (c) word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;

(c) The Law which appointed punishment for the offenders: and which Paul says was given by angels, (Galatians 3:19) and by Stephen also in, (Acts 7:53).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
spoken:

Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
Psalms 68:17 The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place].
Acts 7:53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept [it].
Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

every:

Hebrews 10:28 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:
Exodus 32:27-28 And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, [and] go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour. ... And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.
Leviticus 10:1-2 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not. ... And there went out fire from the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
Leviticus 24:14-16 Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard [him] lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him. ... And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, [and] all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name [of the LORD], shall be put to death.
Numbers 11:33 And while the flesh [was] yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of the LORD was kindled against the people, and the LORD smote the people with a very great plague.
Numbers 14:28-37 Say unto them, [As truly as] I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: ... Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD.
Numbers 15:30-36 But the soul that doeth [ought] presumptuously, [whether he be] born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people. ... And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Numbers 16:31-35 And it came to pass, as he had made an end of speaking all these words, that the ground clave asunder that [was] under them: ... And there came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that offered incense.
Numbers 16:49 Now they that died in the plague were fourteen thousand and seven hundred, beside them that died about the matter of Korah.
Numbers 20:11-12 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts [also]. ... And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
Numbers 21:6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.
Numbers 25:9 And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.
Deuteronomy 4:3-4 Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among you. ... But ye that did cleave unto the LORD your God [are] alive every one of you this day.
Deuteronomy 17:2 If there be found among you, within any of thy gates which the LORD thy God giveth thee, man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness in the sight of the LORD thy God, in transgressing his covenant,
Deuteronomy 17:5 Then shalt thou bring forth that man or that woman, which have committed that wicked thing, unto thy gates, [even] that man or that woman, and shalt stone them with stones, till they die.
Deuteronomy 17:12 And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.
Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed [be] he that confirmeth not [all] the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
1 Corinthians 10:5-12 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. ... Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.
Jude 1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

recompense:

Hebrews 10:35 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.
Hebrews 11:6 But without faith [it is] impossible to please [him]: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and [that] he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
Hebrews 11:26 Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward.
*Gr.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:27. Lv 10:1; 24:14. Nu 11:33; 14:28; 15:30; 16:31, 49; 20:11; 21:6; 25:9. Dt 4:3; 17:2, 5, 12; 27:26; 32:2. Ps 68:17. Ac 7:53. 1Co 10:5. Ga 3:19. He 10:28, 35; 11:6, 26. Jde 1:5.

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