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Hebrews 2:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore it behooved him in all things to be made like unto his brethren, that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore in all things it behooved him to be made like [his] brethren; that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore it behoved him in all things to be made like to [his] brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things relating to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whence he was obliged, in every way, unto the brethren, to be made like, that he might become a merciful and faithful high-priest, in the things pertaining unto God,—for the making of propitiation for the sins of the people.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore it did behove him in all things to be made like to the brethren, that he might become a kind and stedfast chief-priest in the things with God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore, it behoved him in all things to be made like unto his brethren, that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest before God, that he might be a propitiation for the sins of the people.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherfore in all things it behooued him to bee made like vnto his brethren, that he might be a mercifull and faithfull high Priest, in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sinnes of the people.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Therefore it was right that in every thing he should be rendered like unto his brethren, that he might be compassionate, and a High Priest faithful in [things pertaining] to Aloha, and become an expiation for the sins of the people.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore it was right, that he should be in all respects like his brethren; that he might be merciful, and a high priest faithful in the things of God, and might make expiation for the sins of the people.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 3606
{3606} Prime
ὅθεν
hothen
{hoth'-en}
From G3739 with the directive enclitic of source; from which place or source or cause (adverbially or conjugationally).
in 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
it behoved x3784
(3784) Complement
ὀφείλω
opheilo
{of-i'-lo}
Including its prolonged form (second form) used in certain tenses. Probably from the base of G3786 (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally to fail in duty.
him y3784
[3784] Standard
ὀφείλω
opheilo
{of-i'-lo}
Including its prolonged form (second form) used in certain tenses. Probably from the base of G3786 (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally to fail in duty.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
to be made like y3666
[3666] Standard
ὁμοιόω
homoioo
{hom-oy-o'-o}
From G3664; to assimilate, that is, compare; passively to become similar.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
unto x3666
(3666) Complement
ὁμοιόω
homoioo
{hom-oy-o'-o}
From G3664; to assimilate, that is, compare; passively to become similar.
[his] brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
he might be 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5638
<5638> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 66
a merciful 1655
{1655} Prime
ἐλεήμων
eleemon
{el-eh-ay'-mone}
From G1653; compassionate (actively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
faithful 4103
{4103} Prime
πιστός
pistos
{pis-tos'}
From G3982; objectively trustworthy; subjectively trustful.
high priest 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
in things x4314
(4314) Complement
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
[pertaining] to y4314
[4314] Standard
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
make reconciliation for 2433
{2433} Prime
ἱλάσκομαι
hilaskomai
{hil-as'-kom-ahee}
Middle voice from the same as G2436; to conciliate, that is, (transitively) to atone for (sin), or (intransitively) be propitious.
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sins 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
people. 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 2:17

_ _ WhereforeGreek, “Whence.” Found in Paul’s speech, Acts 26:19.

_ _ in all things — which are incidental to manhood, the being born, nourished, growing up, suffering. Sin is not, in the original constitution of man, a necessary attendant of manhood, so He had no sin.

_ _ it behooved him — by moral necessity, considering what the justice and love of God required of Him as Mediator (compare Hebrews 5:3), the office which He had voluntarily undertaken in order to “help” man (Hebrews 2:16).

_ _ his brethren — (Hebrews 2:11); “the seed of Abraham” (Hebrews 2:16), and so also the spiritual seed, His elect out of all mankind.

_ _ be, etc. — rather as Greek, “that He might become High Priest”; He was called so, when He was “made perfect by the things which He suffered” (Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 5:8-10). He was actually made so, when He entered within the veil, from which last flows His ever continuing intercession as Priest for us. The death, as man, must first be, in order that the bringing in of the blood into the heavenly Holy Place might follow, in which consisted the expiation as High Priest.

_ _ merciful — to “the people” deserving wrath by “sins.” Mercy is a prime requisite in a priest, since his office is to help the wretched and raise the fallen: such mercy is most likely to be found in one who has a fellow-feeling with the afflicted, having been so once Himself (Hebrews 4:15); not that the Son of God needed to be taught by suffering to be merciful, but that in order to save us He needed to take our manhood with all its sorrows, thereby qualifying Himself, by experimental suffering with us, to be our sympathizing High Priest, and assuring us of His entire fellow-feeling with us in every sorrow. So in the main Calvin remarks here.

_ _ faithful — true to God (Hebrews 3:5, Hebrews 3:6) and to man (Hebrews 10:23) in the mediatorial office which He has undertaken.

_ _ high priest — which Moses was not, though “faithful” (Hebrews 2:1-18). Nowhere, except in Psalms 110:4; Zechariah 6:13, and in this Epistle, is Christ expressly called a priest. In this Epistle alone His priesthood is professedly discussed; whence it is evident how necessary is this book of the New Testament. In Psalms 110:1-7, and Zechariah 6:13, there is added mention of the kingdom of Christ, which elsewhere is spoken of without the priesthood, and that frequently. On the cross, whereon as Priest He offered the sacrifice, He had the title “King” inscribed over Him [Bengel].

_ _ to make reconciliation for the sins — rather as Greek, “to propitiate (in respect to) the sins”; “to expiate the sins.” Strictly divine justice is “propitiated”; but God’s love is as much from everlasting as His justice; therefore, lest Christ’s sacrifice, or its typical forerunners, the legal sacrifices, should be thought to be antecedent to God’s grace and love, neither are said in the Old or New Testament to have propitiated God; otherwise Christ’s sacrifices might have been thought to have first induced God to love and pity man, instead of (as the fact really is) His love having originated Christ’s sacrifice, whereby divine justice and divine love are harmonized. The sinner is brought by that sacrifice into God’s favor, which by sin he had forfeited; hence his right prayer is, “God be propitiated (so the Greek) to me who am a sinner” (Luke 18:13). Sins bring death and “the fear of death” (Hebrews 2:15). He had no sin Himself, and “made reconciliation for the iniquity” of all others (Daniel 9:24).

_ _ of the people — “the seed of Abraham” (Hebrews 2:16); the literal Israel first, and then (in the design of God), through Israel, the believing Gentiles, the spiritual Israel (1 Peter 2:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 2:14-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 2:17

Wherefore it behoved him — It was highly fit and proper, yea, necessary, in order to his design of redeeming them. To be made in all things — That essentially pertain to human nature, and in all sufferings and temptations. Like his brethren — This is a recapitulation of all that goes before: the sum of all that follows is added immediately. That he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest — Merciful toward sinners; faithful toward God. A priest or high priest is one who has a right of approaching God, and of bringing others to him.

Faithful is treated of, Hebrews 3:2, &c., with its use; merciful, Hebrews 4:14, &c., with the use also; High Priest, Hebrews 5:4, &c., Hebrews 7:1, &c. The use is added from Heb 10:19.

In things pertaining to God, to expiate the sins of the people — Offering up their sacrifices and prayers to God; deriving God's grace, peace, and blessings upon them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 2:17

(16) Wherefore in (d) all things it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren, that he might be a (e) merciful and (f) faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

(16) He applies the same to the priesthood, for which he would not have been suited, unless he had become man, and like us in all things, sin being the exception.

(d) Not only concerning nature, but qualities too.

(e) That he might be truly touched with the feeling of our miseries.

(f) Doing his office sincerely.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
it:

Hebrews 2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified [are] all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Philippians 2:7-8 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: ... And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

a merciful:

Hebrews 3:2 Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses [was faithful] in all his house.
Hebrews 3:5 And Moses verily [was] faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;
Hebrews 4:15-16 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin. ... Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Hebrews 5:1-2 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things [pertaining] to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins: ... Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
Isaiah 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

to make:

Leviticus 6:30 And no sin offering, whereof [any] of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile [withal] in the holy [place], shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
Leviticus 8:15 And he slew [it]; and Moses took the blood, and put [it] upon the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured the blood at the bottom of the altar, and sanctified it, to make reconciliation upon it.
2 Chronicles 29:24 And the priests killed them, and they made reconciliation with their blood upon the altar, to make an atonement for all Israel: for the king commanded [that] the burnt offering and the sin offering [should be made] for all Israel.
Ezekiel 45:15 And one lamb out of the flock, out of two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Israel; for a meat offering, and for a burnt offering, and for peace offerings, to make reconciliation for them, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 45:17 And it shall be the prince's part [to give] burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.
Ezekiel 45:20 And so thou shalt do the seventh [day] of the month for every one that erreth, and for [him that is] simple: so shall ye reconcile the house.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
2 Corinthians 5:18-21 And all things [are] of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; ... For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Ephesians 2:16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled
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Lv 6:30; 8:15. 2Ch 29:24. Is 11:5. Ezk 45:15, 17, 20. Dn 9:24. Ro 5:10. 2Co 5:18. Ep 2:16. Php 2:7. Col 1:21. He 2:11, 14; 3:2, 5; 4:15; 5:1.

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