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Hebrews 2:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and might deliver all them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and might free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And deliver them, who, through fear of death, were all their life-time subject to bondage.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and might set free all those who through fear of death through the whole of their life were subject to bondage.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And might release these—as many as, by fear of death, were all their lifetime liable, to bondage.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and might deliver those, whoever, with fear of death, throughout all their life, were subjects of bondage,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And might deliver them, who through the fear of death were all their lifetime subject to servitude.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And deliuer them, who through feare of death were all their life time subiect to bondage.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and set loose them who in the fear of death had been all their lives subjected to servitude.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and might release them, who, through fear of death, are all their lives subject to bondage.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
deliver 525
{0525} Prime
ἀπαλλάσσω
apallasso
{ap-al-las'-so}
From G0575 and G0236; to change away, that is, release, (reflexively) remove.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
them 5128
{5128} Prime
τούτους
toutous
{too'-tooce}
Accusative plural masculine of G3778; these (persons, as object of verb or preposition).
who 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
through y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
fear 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
of death 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
their x1223
(1223) Complement
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
lifetime 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
subject y1777
[1777] Standard
ἔνοχος
enochos
{en'-okh-os}
From G1758; liable to (a condition, penalty or imputation).
to x1777
(1777) Complement
ἔνοχος
enochos
{en'-okh-os}
From G1758; liable to (a condition, penalty or imputation).
bondage. 1397
{1397} Prime
δουλεία
douleia
{doo-li'-ah}
From G1398; slavery (ceremonially or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 2:15

_ _ fear of death — even before they had experienced its actual power.

_ _ all their lifetime — Such a life can hardly be called life.

_ _ subject to bondage — literally, “subjects of bondage”; not merely liable to it, but enthralled in it (compare Romans 8:15; Galatians 5:1). Contrast with this bondage, the glory of the “sons” (Hebrews 2:10). “Bondage” is defined by Aristotle, “The living not as one chooses”; “liberty,” “the living as one chooses.” Christ by delivering us from the curse of God against our sin, has taken from death all that made it formidable. Death, viewed apart from Christ, can only fill with horror, if the sinner dares to think.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 2:14-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 2:15

And deliver them, as many as through fear of death were all their lifetime, till then, subject to bondage — Every man who fears death is subject to bondage; is in a slavish, uncomfortable state. And every man fears death, more or less, who knows not Christ: death is unwelcome to him, if he knows what death is. But he delivers all true believers from this bondage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 2:15

And deliver them who through fear of (a) death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

(a) By

(death) you must understand here, that death which is joined with the wrath of God, as it must be if it is without Christ, and there can be nothing devised that is more miserable.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
deliver:

Job 33:21-28 His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones [that] were not seen stick out. ... He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
Psalms 33:19 To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.
Psalms 56:13 For thou hast delivered my soul from death: [wilt] not [thou deliver] my feet from falling, that I may walk before God in the light of the living?
Psalms 89:48 What man [is he that] liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
Luke 1:74-75 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear, ... In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
2 Corinthians 1:10 Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver [us];

through:

Job 18:11 Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.
Job 18:14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.
Job 24:17 For the morning [is] to them even as the shadow of death: if [one] know [them, they are in] the terrors of the shadow of death.
Psalms 55:4 My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.
Psalms 73:19 How are they [brought] into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.
1 Corinthians 15:50-57 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. ... But thanks [be] to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

subject:

Romans 8:15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
Romans 8:21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.
Galatians 4:21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?
2 Timothy 1:7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 18:11, 14; 24:17; 33:21. Ps 33:19; 55:4; 56:13; 73:19; 89:48. Lk 1:74. Ro 8:15, 21. 1Co 15:50. 2Co 1:10. Ga 4:21. 2Ti 1:7.

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