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Hebrews 2:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For both he that sanctifieth and they that are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified [are] all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one [Father]; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For both he that sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, [are] all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For both he that sanctifies and those sanctified [are] all of one; for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, both he that maketh holy, and they who are being made holy, are, all, of One; For which cause, he is not ashamed to be calling them, brethren,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for both he who is sanctifying and those sanctified [are] all of one, for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one. For which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For both hee that sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to cal them brethren,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For he who sanctified, and they who are sanctified, are all from one: wherefore he has not been ashamed to call them his brethren.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For he that sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, are all of one [nature]. Therefore he is not ashamed to call them brethren;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
both 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
he that sanctifieth 37
{0037} Prime
ἁγιάζω
hagiazo
{hag-ee-ad'-zo}
From G0040; to make holy, that is, (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they who are sanctified 37
{0037} Prime
ἁγιάζω
hagiazo
{hag-ee-ad'-zo}
From G0040; to make holy, that is, (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
[are] all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
one: 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
cause 156
{0156} Prime
αἰτία
aitia
{ahee-tee'-a}
From the same as G0154; a cause (as if asked for), that is, (logical) reason (motive, matter), (legal) crime (alleged or proved).
he is y1870
[1870] Standard
ἐπαισχύνομαι
epaischunomai
{ep-ahee-skhoo'-nom-ahee}
From G1909 and G0153; to feel shame for something.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
ashamed 1870
{1870} Prime
ἐπαισχύνομαι
epaischunomai
{ep-ahee-skhoo'-nom-ahee}
From G1909 and G0153; to feel shame for something.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
to call 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 2:11

_ _ he that sanctifieth — Christ who once for all consecrates His people to God (Jude 1:1, bringing them nigh to Him as the consequence) and everlasting glory, by having consecrated Himself for them in His being made “perfect (as their expiatory sacrifice) through sufferings” (Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 10:10, Hebrews 10:14, Hebrews 10:29; John 17:17, John 17:19). God in His electing love, by Christ’s finished work, perfectly sanctifies them to God’s service and to heaven once for all: then they are progressively sanctified by the transforming Spirit “Sanctification is glory working in embryo; glory is sanctification come to the birth, and manifested” [Alford].

_ _ they who are sanctifiedGreek, “they that are being sanctified” (compare the use of “sanctified,” 1 Corinthians 7:14).

_ _ of one — Father, God: not in the sense wherein He is Father of all beings, as angels; for these are excluded by the argument (Hebrews 2:16); but as He is Father of His spiritual human sons, Christ the Head and elder Brother, and His believing people, the members of the body and family. Thus, this and the following verses are meant to justify his having said, “many sons” (Hebrews 2:10). “Of one” is not “of one father Adam,” or “Abraham,” as Bengel and others suppose. For the Savior’s participation in the lowness of our humanity is not mentioned till Hebrews 2:14, and then as a consequence of what precedes. Moreover, “Sons of God” is, in Scripture usage, the dignity obtained by our union with Christ; and our brotherhood with Him flows from God being His and our Father. Christ’s Sonship (by generation) in relation to God is reflected in the sonship (by adoption) of His brethren.

_ _ he is not ashamed — though being the Son of God, since they have now by adoption obtained a like dignity, so that His majesty is not compromised by brotherhood with them (compare Hebrews 11:16). It is a striking feature in Christianity that it unites such amazing contrasts as “our brother and our God” [Tholuck]. “God makes of sons of men sons of God, because God hath made of the Son of God the Son of man” [St. Augustine on Psalms 2:1-12].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 2:10-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 2:11

For — They are nearly related to each other. He that sanctifieth — Christ, Hebrews 13:12. And all they that are sanctified — That are brought to God; that draw near or come to him, which are synonymous terms. Are all of one — Partakers of one nature, from one parent, Adam.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 2:11

(12) For both he that (r) sanctifieth and they who are sanctified [are] all of (s) one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,

(12) The basis for both of the former arguments, for we could not be sons through him, neither could he be consecrated through afflictions, unless he had been made man like us. But because this sonship depends not only on nature, for no man is accounted the son of God, unless he is also a son of a man, he is also Christ's brother, (which is by sanctification, that is, by becoming one with Christ, who sanctifies us through faith) therefore the apostle makes mention of the sanctifier, that is, of Christ, and of them that are sanctified, that is, of all the elect, who Christ condescends to call brethren.

(r) He uses the time to show us that we are still going on, and increasing in this sanctification: and by sanctification he means our separation from the rest of the world, our cleansing from sin, and our dedication wholly to God, all which Christ alone works in us.

(s) One, of the same nature of man.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he that:

Hebrews 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all].
Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
Hebrews 13:12 Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
John 17:19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.

all:

Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
John 17:21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, [art] in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.
Acts 17:26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

he is:

Hebrews 11:16 But now they desire a better [country], that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.
Mark 8:38 Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.
Luke 9:26 For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and [in his] Father's, and of the holy angels.

to call:

Matthew 12:48-50 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? ... For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Matthew 28:10 Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me.
John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.
Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
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Mt 12:48; 25:40; 28:10. Mk 8:38. Lk 9:26. Jn 17:19, 21; 20:17. Ac 17:26. Ro 8:29. Ga 4:4. He 2:14; 10:10, 14; 11:16; 13:12.

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