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Hebrews 13:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be not carried away by divers and strange teachings: for it is good that the heart be established by grace; not by meats, wherein they that occupied themselves were not profited.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not be carried away by varied and strange teachings; for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not by foods, through which those who were so occupied were not benefited.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines: for [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied in them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be not carried away with various and strange doctrines; for [it is] good that the heart be confirmed with grace, not meats; those who have walked in which have not been profited by [them].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— With teachings, manifold and strange, be not carried aside; for it is, noble, that, with gratitude, should, the heart, be getting confirmed,—not with matters of food, in which, they who are walking, have not been profited.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— with teachings manifold and strange be not carried about, for [it is] good that by grace the heart be confirmed, not with meats, in which they who were occupied were not profited;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be not led away with various and strange doctrines. For it is best that the heart be established with grace, not with meats: which have not profited those that walk in them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be not caried about with diuers and strange doctrines: for it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace, not with meates, which haue not profited them that haue beene occupied therein.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— UNTO strange and variable doctrines be not led away; for it is good that with grace we confirm our hearts, and not by meats, because they have not been helped who have walked in them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Be not led away by strange and variable doctrines. For it is a good thing, that we strengthen our hearts with grace, and not with meats; for those have not been benefited, who walked in them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be y4064
[4064] Standard
περιφέρω
periphero
{per-ee-fer'-o}
From G4012 and G5342; to convey around, that is, transport hither and thither.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
carried about 4064
{4064} Prime
περιφέρω
periphero
{per-ee-fer'-o}
From G4012 and G5342; to convey around, that is, transport hither and thither.
z5744
<5744> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 48
with divers 4164
{4164} Prime
ποικίλος
poikilos
{poy-kee'-los}
Of uncertain derivation; motley, that is, various in character.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
strange 3581
{3581} Prime
ξένος
xenos
{xen'-os}
Apparently a primary word; foreign (literally alien, or figuratively novel); by implication a guest or (vice-versa) entertainer.
doctrines. 1322
{1322} Prime
διδαχή
didache
{did-akh-ay'}
From G1321; instruction (the act or the matter).
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
[it is] a good thing 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
that the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heart 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
be established 950
{0950} Prime
βεβαιόω
bebaioo
{beb-ah-yo'-o}
From G0949; to stabilitate (figuratively).
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
with grace; 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
with meats, 1033
{1033} Prime
βρῶμα
broma
{bro'-mah}
From the base of G0977; food (literally or figuratively), especially (ceremonial) articles allowed or forbiden by the Jewish law.
which x3739
(3739) Complement
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
have y5623
[5623] Standard
ὠφελέω
opheleo
{o-fel-eh'-o}
From the same as G5622; to be useful, that is, to benefit.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
profited 5623
{5623} Prime
ὠφελέω
opheleo
{o-fel-eh'-o}
From the same as G5622; to be useful, that is, to benefit.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
them that have been occupied y4043
[4043] Standard
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
therein. y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
y3739
[3739] Standard
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
x4043
(4043) Complement
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 13:9

_ _ about — rather, as oldest manuscripts read, “carried aside”; namely, compare Ephesians 4:14.

_ _ divers — differing from the one faith in the one and the same Jesus Christ, as taught by them who had the rule over you (Hebrews 13:7).

_ _ strange — foreign to the truth.

_ _ doctrines — “teachings.”

_ _ established with grace; not with meats — not with observances of Jewish distinctions between clean and unclean meats, to which ascetic Judaizers added in Christian times the rejection of some meats, and the use of others: noticed also by Paul in 1 Corinthians 8:8, 1 Corinthians 8:13; 1 Corinthians 6:13; Romans 14:17, an exact parallel to this verse: these are some of the “divers and strange doctrines” of the previous sentence. Christ’s body offered once for all for us, is our true spiritual “meat” to “eat” (Hebrews 13:10), “the stay and the staff of bread” (Isaiah 3:1), the mean of all “grace.”

_ _ which have not profitedGreek, “in which they who walked were not profited”; namely, in respect to justification, perfect cleansing of the conscience, and sanctification. Compare on “walked,” Acts 21:21; namely, with superstitious scrupulosity, as though the worship of God in itself consisted in such legal observances.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 13:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 13:9

Be not carried about with various doctrines — Which differ from that one faith in our one unchangeable Lord. Strange — To the ears and hearts of all that abide in him. For it is good — It is both honourable before God and pleasant and profitable That the heart be stablished with grace — Springing from faith in Christ. Not with meats — Jewish ceremonies, which indeed can never stablish the heart.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 13:9

Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. (6) For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with (d) meats, which have not profited them that have been (e) occupied therein.

(6) He speaks to those who mixed an external worship and especially the difference of meats with the gospel which he clearly condemns as repugnant to the benefit of Christ.

(d) By this one form which concerns the difference of clean and unclean meat, we have to understand all the ceremonial worship.

(e) Who observed the difference of them superstitiously.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
carried:

Matthew 24:4 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you.
Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
Romans 16:17-18 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them. ... For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
2 Corinthians 11:11-15 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth. ... Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
Galatians 1:6-9 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: ... As we said before, so say I now again, If any [man] preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.
Ephesians 4:14 That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.
Colossians 2:4 And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words.
Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
2 Thessalonians 2:2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand.
1 Timothy 4:1-3 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; ... Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
1 Timothy 6:3-5 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, [even] the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness; ... Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.
1 Timothy 6:20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
Jude 1:3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort [you] that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.

it is:

Acts 20:32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.
2 Corinthians 1:21 Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, [is] God;
Galatians 6:1 Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted.
2 Thessalonians 2:17 Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.
2 Timothy 2:1-2 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. ... And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.

not with:

Hebrews 9:9-10 Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; ... [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.
Leviticus 11:1-47 And the LORD spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them, ... To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten.
Deuteronomy 14:3-21 Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing. ... Ye shall not eat [of] any thing that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the stranger that [is] in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an alien: for thou [art] an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Acts 10:14-16 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean. ... This was done thrice: and the vessel was received up again into heaven.
Romans 14:2 For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs.
Romans 14:6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth [it] unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard [it]. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
1 Corinthians 6:13 Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body [is] not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body.
1 Corinthians 8:8 But meat commendeth us not to God: for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse.
Colossians 2:16-20 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath [days]: ... Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances,
1 Timothy 4:3-5 Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. ... For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.
Titus 1:14-15 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. ... Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.
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Lv 11:1. Dt 14:3. Mt 24:4, 24. Ac 10:14; 20:30, 32. Ro 14:2, 6, 17; 16:17. 1Co 6:13; 8:8. 2Co 1:21; 11:11. Ga 1:6; 6:1. Ep 4:14; 5:6. Col 2:4, 8, 16. 2Th 2:2, 17. 1Ti 4:1, 3; 6:3, 20. 2Ti 2:1. Tit 1:14. He 9:9. 1Jn 4:1. Jde 1:3.

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