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Hebrews 13:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [Let] marriage [be] had in honor among all, and [let] the bed [be] undefiled: for fornicators and adulterers God will judge.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Marriage [is to be held] in honor among all, and the [marriage] bed [is to be] undefiled; for fornicators and adulterers God will judge.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Marriage [is] honorable in all, and the bed undefiled: but lewd persons and adulterers God will judge.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [Let] marriage [be held] every way in honour, and the bed [be] undefiled; for fornicators and adulterers will God judge.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let marriage be honourable in all, and the bed undefiled, for, fornicators and adulterers, God, will judge.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— honourable [is] the marriage in all, and the bed undefiled, and whoremongers and adulterers God shall judge.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Marriage honourable in all, and the bed undefiled. For fornicators and adulterers God will judge.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Mariage [is] honorable in all, and the bed vndefiled: but whoremongers, and adulterers God will iudge.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Honourable is marriage among all, and their bed is undefiled; but whoremongers and adulterers Aloha judgeth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Marriage is honorable in all; and their bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers, God will judge.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Marriage 1062
{1062} Prime
γάμος
gamos
{gam'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; nuptials.
[is] honourable 5093
{5093} Prime
τίμιος
timios
{tim'-ee-os}
Including the comparative τίμιώτερος [[timioteros]], {tim-ee-o'-ter-os}; and the superlative τίμιώτατος [[timiotatos]], {tim-ee-o'-tat-os}; from G5092; valuable, that is, (objectively) costly, or (subjectively) honored, esteemed, or (figuratively) beloved.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
all, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
bed 2845
{2845} Prime
κοίτη
koite
{koy'-tay}
From G2749; a couch; by extension cohabitation; by implication the male sperm.
undefiled: 283
{0283} Prime
ἀμίαντος
amiantos
{am-ee'-an-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G3392; unsoiled, that is, (figuratively) pure.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
whoremongers 4205
{4205} Prime
πόρνος
pornos
{por'-nos}
From πέρνημι [[pernemi]] (to sell; akin to the base of G4097); a (male) prostitute (as venal), that is, (by analogy) a debauchee (libertine).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
adulterers 3432
{3432} Prime
μοιχός
moichos
{moy-khos'}
Perhaps a primary word; a (male) paramour; figuratively apostate.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
will judge. 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 13:4

_ _ is, etc. — Translate, “Let marriage be treated as honorable”: as Hebrews 13:5 also is an exhortation.

_ _ in all — “in the case of all men”: “among all.” “To avoid fornication let EVERY MAN have his own wife” (1 Corinthians 7:2). Judaism and Gnosticism combined were soon about to throw discredit on marriage. The venerable Paphnutius, in the Council of Nice, quoted this verse for the justification of the married state. If one does not himself marry, he should not prevent others from doing so. Others, especially Romanists, translate, “in all things,” as in Hebrews 13:18. But the warning being against lasciviousness, the contrast to “whoremongers and adulterers” in the parallel clause, requires the “in all” in this clause to refer to persons.

_ _ the bed undefiled — Translate, as Greek requires “undefiled” to be a predicate, not an epithet, “And let the bed be undefiled.”

_ _ God will judge — Most whoremongers escape the notice of human tribunals; but God takes particular cognizance of those whom man does not punish. Gay immoralities will then be regarded in a very different light from what they are now.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 13:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 13:4

Marriage is honourable in, or for all sorts of men, clergy as well as laity: though the Romanists teach otherwise. And the bed undefiled — Consistent with the highest purity; though many spiritual writers, so called, say it is only licensed whoredom. But whoremongers and adulterers God will judge — Though they frequently escape the sentence of men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 13:4

(2) Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.

(2) He commends chaste matrimony in all sorts of men, and threatens utter destruction from God against whoremongers and adulterers.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Marriage:

Genesis 1:27-28 So God created man in his [own] image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. ... And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
Genesis 2:21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
Genesis 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Leviticus 21:13-15 And he shall take a wife in her virginity. ... Neither shall he profane his seed among his people: for I the LORD do sanctify him.
2 Kings 22:14 So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;) and they communed with her.
Proverbs 5:15-23 Drink waters out of thine own cistern, and running waters out of thine own well. ... He shall die without instruction; and in the greatness of his folly he shall go astray.
Isaiah 8:3 And I went unto the prophetess; and she conceived, and bare a son. Then said the LORD to me, Call his name Mahershalalhashbaz.
1 Corinthians 7:2-16 Nevertheless, [to avoid] fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. ... For what knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save [thy] husband? or how knowest thou, O man, whether thou shalt save [thy] wife?
1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and [as] the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
1 Timothy 3:4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;
1 Timothy 3:12 Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.
1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.
Titus 1:6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.

and the bed:

Hebrews 12:16 Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.
1 Corinthians 6:9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
Galatians 5:19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Ephesians 5:5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
Colossians 3:5-6 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry: ... For which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobedience:
Revelation 22:15 For without [are] dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

God:

Psalms 50:16-22 But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or [that] thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth? ... Now consider this, ye that forget God, lest I tear [you] in pieces, and [there be] none to deliver.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
1 Corinthians 5:13 But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.
2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in [his] body, according to that he hath done, whether [it be] good or bad.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:27; 2:21, 24. Lv 21:13. 2K 22:14. Ps 50:16. Pv 5:15. Is 8:3. Mal 3:5. 1Co 5:13; 6:9; 7:2; 9:5. 2Co 5:10. Ga 5:19, 21. Ep 5:5. Col 3:5. 1Ti 3:2, 4, 12; 5:14. Tit 1:6. He 12:16. Rv 22:15.

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