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Hebrews 13:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people through his own blood, suffered without the gate.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people through His own blood, suffered outside the gate.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore also Jesus, that he might sanctify the people by his own blood, suffered without the gate:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, Jesus also, that he might hallow the people through means of his own blood, outside the gate, suffered:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Wherefore, also Jesus—that he might sanctify through [his] own blood the people—without the gate did suffer;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people by his own blood, suffered without the gate.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore Iesus also, that hee might sanctifie the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— On this account Jeshu, that he might sanctify his people by his blood, without the city suffered.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For this reason, Jesus also, that he might sanctify his people with his blood, suffered without the city.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
also, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
he might sanctify 37
{0037} Prime
ἁγιάζω
hagiazo
{hag-ee-ad'-zo}
From G0040; to make holy, that is, (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
people 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
with 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
his own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
blood, 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
suffered 3958
{3958} Prime
πάσχω
pascho
{pas'-kho}
Apparently a primary verb (the third form used only in certain tenses for it); to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
without 1854
{1854} Prime
ἔξω
exo
{ex'-o}
Adverb from G1537; out (side, of doors), literally or figuratively.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gate. 4439
{4439} Prime
πύλη
pule
{poo'-lay}
Apparently a primary word; a gate, that is, the leaf or wing of a folding entrance (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 13:11-12.


Hebrews 13:12

_ _ Wherefore Jesus — In order that the Antitype might fulfil the type.

_ _ sanctify — Though not brought into the temple “sanctuary” (Hebrews 13:11) His blood has been brought into the heavenly sanctuary, and “sanctifies the people” (Hebrews 2:11, Hebrews 2:17), by cleansing them from sin, and consecrating them to God.

_ _ his own — not blood of animals.

_ _ without the gate — of Jerusalem; as if unworthy of the society of the covenant-people. The fiery ordeal of His suffering on the cross, answers to the burning of the victims; thereby His mere fleshly life was completely destroyed, as their bodies were; the second part of His offering was His carrying His blood into the heavenly holiest before God at His ascension, that it should be a perpetual atonement for the world’s sin.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 13:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 13:12

Wherefore Jesus also — Exactly answering those typical sin — offerings. Suffered without the gate — Of Jerusalem, which answered to the old camp of Israel. That he might sanctify — Reconcile and consecrate to God. The people — Who believe in him. By his own blood — Not those shadowy sacrifices, which are now of no farther use.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sanctify:

Hebrews 2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified [are] all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Hebrews 9:13-14 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: ... How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Hebrews 9:18-19 Whereupon neither the first [testament] was dedicated without blood. ... For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,
Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
John 17:19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.
John 19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
1 John 5:6-8 This is he that came by water and blood, [even] Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth. ... And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.

suffered:

Leviticus 24:23 And Moses spake to the children of Israel, that they should bring forth him that had cursed out of the camp, and stone him with stones. And the children of Israel did as the LORD commanded Moses.
Numbers 15:36 And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Joshua 7:24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.
Mark 15:20-24 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. ... And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.
John 19:17-18 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called [the place] of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: ... Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
Acts 7:58 And cast [him] out of the city, and stoned [him]: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 24:23. Nu 15:36. Jsh 7:24. Mk 15:20. Jn 17:19; 19:17, 34. Ac 7:58. 1Co 6:11. Ep 5:26. He 2:11; 9:13, 18; 10:29. 1Jn 5:6.

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