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Hebrews 12:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but ye are come unto mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable hosts of angels,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But ye are come to mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but ye have come to mount Zion; and to [the] city of [the] living God, heavenly Jerusalem; and to myriads of angels,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But ye have approached—unto Zion's mountain, and unto the city of a Living God, a heavenly Jerusalem,—and unto myriads of messengers,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— But, ye came to Mount Zion, and to a city of the living God, to the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of messengers,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But you are come to mount Sion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to the company of many thousands of angels,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But ye are come vnto mount Sion, and vnto the citie of the liuing God the heauenly Ierusalem, and to an innumerable company of Angels:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But ye have come nigh unto the Mount of Ziun, and to the city of Aloha the Living, to the Urishlem which is in heaven, and to the congregation of myriads of angels,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But ye have come to Mount Zion, and to the city of the living God, the Jerusalem that is in heaven; and to the assemblies of myriads of angels;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
ye are come y4334
[4334] Standard
προσέρχομαι
proserchomai
{pros-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2064 (including its alternate); to approach, that is, (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to.
z5754
<5754> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 97
unto x4334
(4334) Complement
προσέρχομαι
proserchomai
{pros-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2064 (including its alternate); to approach, that is, (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to.
mount 3735
{3735} Prime
ὄρος
oros
{or'-os}
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
Sion, 4622
{4622} Prime
Σιών
Sion
{see-own'}
Of Hebrew origin [H6726]; Sion (that is, Tsijon), a hill of Jerusalem; figuratively the Church (militant or triumphant).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
unto the city 4172
{4172} Prime
πόλις
polis
{pol'-is}
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
of the living 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
the heavenly 2032
{2032} Prime
ἐπουράνιος
epouranios
{ep-oo-ran'-ee-os}
From G1909 and G3772; above the sky.
Jerusalem, 2419
{2419} Prime
Ἰερουσαλήμ
Hierousalem
{hee-er-oo-sal-ame'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3389]; Hierusalem (that is, Jerushalem), the capital of Palestine.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to an innumerable company 3461
{3461} Prime
μυριάς
murias
{moo-ree'-as}
From G3463; a ten thousand; by extension a 'myriad' or indefinite number.
of angels, 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 12:22-23

_ _ are comeGreek, “have come near unto” (compare Deuteronomy 4:11). Not merely, ye shall come, but, ye have already come.

_ _ Mount Sion — antitypical Sion, the heavenly Jerusalem, of which the spiritual invisible Church (of which the first foundation was laid in literal Zion, John 12:15; 1 Peter 2:6) is now the earnest; and of which the restored literal Jerusalem hereafter shall be the earthly representative, to be succeeded by the everlasting and “new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven” (Revelation 21:2-27; compare Hebrews 11:10).

_ _ to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church — The city of God having been mentioned, the mention of its citizens follows. Believers being like the angels (Job 1:6; Job 38:7), “sons of God,” are so their “equals” (Luke 20:36); and being reconciled through Christ, are adopted into God’s great and blessed family. For the full completion of this we pray (Matthew 6:10). English Version arrangement is opposed: (1) by “and” always beginning each new member of the whole sentence; (2) “general assembly and Church,” form a kind of tautology; (3) “general assembly,” or rather, “festal full assembly,” “the jubilant full company” (such as were the Olympic games, celebrated with joyous singing, dancing, etc.), applies better to the angels above, ever hymning God’s praises, than to the Church, of which a considerable part is now militant on earth. Translate therefore, “to myriads (ten thousands, compare Deuteronomy 33:2; Psalms 68:17; Daniel 7:10; Jude 1:14; namely), the full festal assembly of angels, and the Church of the first-born.” Angels and saints together constitute the ten thousands. Compare “all angels, all nationsMatthew 25:31, Matthew 25:32. Messiah is pre-eminently “the First-born,” or “First-begotten” (Hebrews 1:6), and all believers become so by adoption. Compare the type, Numbers 3:12, Numbers 3:45, Numbers 3:50; 1 Peter 1:18. As the kingly and priestly succession was in the first-born, and as Israel was God’s “first-born” (Exodus 4:22; compare Exodus 13:2), and a “kingdom of priests” to God (Exodus 19:6), so believers (Revelation 1:6).

_ _ written in heaven — enrolled as citizens there. All those who at the coming of “God the Judge of all” (which clause therefore naturally follows), shall be found “written in heaven,” that is, in the Lamb’s book of life (Revelation 21:27). Though still fighting the good fight on earth, still, in respect to your destiny, and present life of faith which substantiates things hoped for, ye are already members of the heavenly citizenship. “We are one citizenship with angels; to which it is said in the psalm, Glorious things are spoken of thee, thou city of God” [Augustine]. I think Alford wrong in restricting “the Church of the first-born written in heaven,” to those militant on earth; it is rather, all those who at the Judge’s coming shall be found written in heaven (the true patent of heavenly nobility; contrast “written in the earth,” Jeremiah 17:13, and Esau’s profane sale of his birthright, Hebrews 12:16); these all, from the beginning to the end of the world, forming one Church to which every believer is already come. The first-born of Israel were “written” in a roll (Numbers 3:40).

_ _ the spirits of just men made perfect — at the resurrection, when the “JUDGE” shall appear, and believers’ bliss shall be consummated by the union of the glorified body with the spirit; the great hope of the New Testament (Romans 8:20-23; 1 Thessalonians 4:16). The place of this clause after “the JUDGE OF ALL,” is my objection to Bengel and Alford’s explanation, the souls of the just in their separate state perfected. Compare Notes, see on Hebrews 11:39, Hebrews 11:40, to which he refers here, and which I think confirms my view; those heretofore spirits, but now to be perfected by being clothed upon with the body. Still the phrase, “spirits of just men made perfect,” not merely “just men made perfect,” may favor the reference to the happy spirits in their separate state. The Greek is not “the perfected spirits,” but “the spirits of the perfected just.” In no other passage are the just said to be perfected before the resurrection, and the completion of the full number of the elect (Revelation 6:11); I think, therefore, “spirits of the just,” may here be used to express the just whose predominant element in their perfected state shall be spirit. So spirit and spirits are used of a man or men in the body, under the influence of the spirit, the opposite of flesh (John 3:6). The resurrection bodies of the saints shall be bodies in which the spirit shall altogether preponderate over the animal soul (see on 1 Corinthians 15:44).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 12:18-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 12:22

But ye — Who believe in Christ. Are come — The apostle does not here speak of their coming to the church militant, but of that glorious privilege of New Testament believers, their communion with the church triumphant. But this is far more apparent to the eyes of celestial spirits than to ours which are yet veiled. St. Paul here shows an excellent knowledge of the heavenly economy, worthy of him who had been caught up into the third heaven. To mount Sion — A spiritual mountain. To the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem — All these glorious titles belong to the New Testament church. And to an innumerable company — Including all that are afterwards mentioned.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye are come:

Psalms 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
Psalms 48:2 Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, [is] mount Zion, [on] the sides of the north, the city of the great King.
Psalms 132:13-14 For the LORD hath chosen Zion; he hath desired [it] for his habitation. ... This [is] my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Isaiah 14:32 What shall [one] then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Isaiah 51:11 Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy [shall be] upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; [and] sorrow and mourning shall flee away.
Isaiah 51:16 And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou [art] my people.
Isaiah 59:20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.
Isaiah 60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee, The city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
Joel 2:32 And it shall come to pass, [that] whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
Romans 11:26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
Galatians 4:26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.
Revelation 14:1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty [and] four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.

the city:

Hebrews 13:14 For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come.
Psalms 48:2 Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, [is] mount Zion, [on] the sides of the north, the city of the great King.
Psalms 87:3 Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah.
Matthew 5:35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.
Philippians 3:20 For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:
*marg.
Revelation 3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, [which is] new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and [I will write upon him] my new name.
Revelation 21:2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Revelation 21:10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
Revelation 22:19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and [from] the things which are written in this book.

of the:

Hebrews 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Hebrews 10:31 [It is] a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
Deuteronomy 5:26 For who [is there of] all flesh, that hath heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as we [have], and lived?
Joshua 3:10 And Joshua said, Hereby ye shall know that the living God [is] among you, and [that] he will without fail drive out from before you the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Hivites, and the Perizzites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Jebusites.
2 Kings 19:4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God; and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the remnant that are left.
Psalms 42:2 My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
Psalms 84:2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
Daniel 6:26 I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he [is] the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion [shall be even] unto the end.
Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people, [there] it shall be said unto them, [Ye are] the sons of the living God.
Matthew 16:16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
Romans 9:26 And it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;
Revelation 7:2 And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,

an innumerable:

Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.
Psalms 68:17 The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place].
Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
Revelation 5:11-12 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; ... Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 5:26; 33:2. Jsh 3:10. 2K 19:4. Ps 2:6; 42:2; 48:2; 68:17; 84:2; 87:3; 132:13. Is 12:6; 14:32; 28:16; 51:11, 16; 59:20; 60:14. Jr 10:10. Dn 6:26; 7:10. Ho 1:10. Jol 2:32. Mt 5:35; 16:16. Ro 9:26; 11:26. Ga 4:26. Php 3:20. 1Th 1:9. He 3:12; 9:14; 10:31; 13:14. Jde 1:14. Rv 3:12; 5:11; 7:2; 14:1; 21:2, 10; 22:19.

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