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Hebrews 12:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and so fearful was the appearance, [that] Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And so terrible was the sight, [that] Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And so terrible was the sight, [that] Moses said, “I AM FULL OF FEAR and trembling.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And so terrible was the sight, [that] Moses said, I exceedingly fear and tremble:)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and, so fearful was the sight, Moses said, I am exceedingly afraid and full of trembling;)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, so fearful was that which was showing itself, Moses, said—I am terrified, and do tremble!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and, (so terrible was the sight,) Moses said, 'I am fearful exceedingly, and trembling.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And so terrible was that which was seen, Moses said: I am frighted, and tremble.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And so terrible was the sight, that Moses sayde, I exceedingly feare, and quake.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and so terrible was the sight, that Musha said, I fear and tremble.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I fear and tremble.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
terrible 5398
{5398} Prime
φοβερός
phoberos
{fob-er-os'}
From G5401; frightful, that is, (objectively) formidable.
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sight, 5324
{5324} Prime
φαντάζω
phantazo
{fan-tad'-zo}
From a derivative of G5316; to make apparent, that is, (passively) to appear (neuter participle as noun, a spectacle).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
[that] Moses 3475
{3475} Prime
Μωσεῦς
Moseus
{moce-yoos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
I exceedingly fear 1630
{1630} Prime
ἔκφοβος
ekphobos
{ek'-fob-os}
From G1537 and G5401; frightened out of one's wits.
1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
quake:) 1790
{1790} Prime
ἔντρομος
entromos
{en'-trom-os}
From G1722 and G5156; terrified.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 12:21

_ _ the sight — the vision of God’s majesty.

_ _ quakeGreek, “I am in trembling”; “fear” affected his mind: “trembling,” his body. Moses is not recorded in Exodus to have used these words. But Paul, by inspiration, supplies (compare Acts 20:35; 2 Timothy 3:8) this detail. We read in Deuteronomy 9:19, Septuagint, of similar words used by Moses after breaking the two tables, through fear of God’s anger at the people’s sin in making the golden calves. He doubtless similarly “feared” in hearing the ten commandments spoken by the voice of Jehovah.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 12:18-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 12:21

Even Moses — Though admitted to so near an intercourse with God, who "spake to him as a man speaketh to his friend." At other times he acted as a mediator between God and the people. But while the ten words were pronounced, he stood as one of the hearers, Exodus 19:25; Exodus 20:19.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 12:21

And so terrible was the (i) sight, [that] Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

(i) The shape and form which he saw, which was no counterfeit and forged shape, but a true one.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Moses:

Exodus 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled.
Exodus 19:19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.
Psalms 119:120 My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.
Isaiah 6:3-5 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory. ... Then said I, Woe [is] me! for I am undone; because I [am] a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.
Daniel 10:8 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength.
Daniel 10:17 For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.
Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 19:16, 19. Ps 119:120. Is 6:3. Dn 10:8, 17. Rv 1:17.

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