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Hebrews 12:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For ye know that even when he afterward desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected; for he found no place for a change of mind [in his father], though he sought is diligently with tears.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For you know that even afterwards, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For ye know that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for ye know that also afterwards, desiring to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, (for he found no place for repentance) although he sought it earnestly with tears.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For ye know that, afterwards—when he even wished to inherit the blessing, he was rejected; for, place of repentance, found he none, even though, with tears, he diligently sought it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for ye know that also afterwards, wishing to inherit the blessing, he was disapproved of, for a place of reformation he found not, though with tears having sought it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For know ye that afterwards, when he desired to inherit the benediction, he was rejected. For he found no place of repentance, although with tears he had sought it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For yee know how that afterward when hee would haue inherited the blessing, hee was reiected: for hee found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with teares.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For ye know, also, that afterward he desired to inherit the blessing, but was rejected; for place for repentance he found not, though with tears he sought it.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For ye know that, afterwards when he wished to inherit the blessing, he was rejected; for he found not a place for repentance, although he sought it with tears.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
ye know 2467
{2467} Prime
ἴσημι
isemi
{is'-ay-mee}
Assumed by some as the base of certain irregular forms of G1942; to know.
z5759
<5759> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 1
how y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
that x3754
(3754) Complement
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
afterward, 3347
{3347} Prime
μετέπειτα
metepeita
{met-ep'-i-tah}
From G3326 and G1899; thereafter.
y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when he would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
have inherited 2816
{2816} Prime
κληρονομέω
kleronomeo
{klay-ron-om-eh'-o}
From G2818; to be an heir to (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
blessing, 2129
{2129} Prime
εὐλογία
eulogia
{yoo-log-ee'-ah}
From the same as G2127; fine speaking, that is, elegance of language; commendation ('eulogy'), that is, (reverentially) adoration; religiously, benediction; by implication consecration; by extension benefit or largess.
he was rejected: 593
{0593} Prime
ἀποδοκιμάζω
apodokimazo
{ap-od-ok-ee-mad'-zo}
From G0575 and G1381; to disapprove, that is, (by implication) to repudiate.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he found 2147
{2147} Prime
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
no 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
place 5117
{5117} Prime
τόπος
topos
{top'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a spot (generally in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas G5561 is a larger but particular locality), that is, location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively condition, opportunity; specifically a scabbard.
of repentance, 3341
{3341} Prime
μετάνοια
metanoia
{met-an'-oy-ah}
From G3340; (subjectively) compunction (for guilt, including reformation); by implication reversal (of [another's] decision).
though 2539
{2539} Prime
καίπερ
kaiper
{kah'-ee-per}
From G2532 and G4007; and indeed, that is, nevertheless or notwithstanding.
he sought y1567
[1567] Standard
ἐκζητέω
ekzeteo
{ek-zay-teh'-o}
From G1537 and G2212; to search out, that is, (figuratively) investigate, crave, demand, (by Hebraism) worship.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
it y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
carefully 1567
{1567} Prime
ἐκζητέω
ekzeteo
{ek-zay-teh'-o}
From G1537 and G2212; to search out, that is, (figuratively) investigate, crave, demand, (by Hebraism) worship.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
tears. 1144
{1144} Prime
δάκρυ
dakru
{dak'-roo}
Of uncertain affinity; a tear.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 12:17

_ _ afterwardsGreek,even afterward.” He despised his birthright, accordingly also he was despised and rejected when he wished to have the blessing. As in the believer’s case, so in the unbeliever’s, there is an “afterwards” coming, when the believer shall look on his past griefs, and the unbeliever on his past joys, in a very different light from that in which they were respectively viewed at the time. Compare “Nevertheless afterward,” etc. Hebrews 12:11, with the “afterward” here.

_ _ when he would — when he wished to have. “He that will not when he may, when he will, shall have nay” (Proverbs 1:24-30; Luke 13:34, Luke 13:35; Luke 19:42).

_ _ he was rejected — not as to every blessing, but only that which would have followed the primogeniture.

_ _ he found no place of repentance — The cause is here put for the effect, “repentance” for the object which Esau aimed at in his so-called repentance, namely, the change of his father’s determination to give the chief blessing to Jacob. Had he sought real repentance with tears he would have found it (Matthew 7:7). But he did not find it because this was not what he sought. What proves his tears were not those of one seeking true repentance is, immediately after he was foiled in his desire, he resolved to murder Jacob! He shed tears, not for his sin, but for his suffering the penalty of his sin. His were tears of vain regret and remorse, not of repentance. “Before, he might have had the blessing without tears; afterwards, no matter how many tears he shed, he was rejected. Let us use the time” (Luke 18:27)! [Bengel]. Alford explains “repentance” here, a chance, by repenting, to repair (that is, to regain the lost blessing). I agree with him that the translation, instead of “repentance,” “no place for changing HIS FATHER’S mind,” is forced; though doubtless this is what was the true aim of the “repentance” which he sought. The language is framed to apply to profane despisers who willfully cast away grace and seek repentance (that is, not real; but escape from the penalty of their sin), but in vain. Compare “afterward,” Matthew 25:11, Matthew 25:12. Tears are no proof of real repentance (1 Samuel 24:16, 1 Samuel 24:17; contrast Psalms 56:8).

_ _ itthe blessing, which was the real object of Esau, though ostensibly seeking “repentance.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 12:4-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 12:17

He was rejected — He could not obtain it. For he found no place for repentance — There was no room for any such repentance as would regain what he had lost. Though he sought it — The blessing of the birth — right. Diligently with tears — He sought too late. Let us use the present time.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 12:17

For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no (g) place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.

(g) There was no room left for his repentance: and it appears by the effects, what his repentance really was, for when he left his father's presence, he threatened to kill his brother.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when he:

Genesis 27:31-41 And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me. ... And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

he was:

Hebrews 6:8 But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
Proverbs 1:24-31 Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded; ... Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
Jeremiah 6:30 Reprobate silver shall [men] call them, because the LORD hath rejected them.
Matthew 7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
Matthew 25:11-12 Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. ... But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not.
Luke 13:24-27 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. ... But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all [ye] workers of iniquity.

for he:

Hebrews 6:4-6 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, ... If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.
Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, ... Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
, place for repentance, or, way to change his mind
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Gn 27:31. Pv 1:24. Jr 6:30. Mt 7:23; 25:11. Lk 13:24. He 6:4, 8; 10:26.

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Esau sought for repentance "with tears", but inasmuch as true repentance is a gift from God by grace, he was denied repentance by the Almighty. This same tearful, futile searching for repentance -- and subsequent outright (righteous) denial by God -- is related of the Watchers, in First Enoch 13 and 14.
- chris (1/21/2017 3:52:57 AM)
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