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Hebrews 12:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— lest [there be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— that [there be] no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a [single] meal.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of food sold his birth-right.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— lest [there be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one meal sold his birthright;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, like Esau,—who, for the sake of one meal, yielded up his own firstborn rights;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— lest any one be a fornicator, or a profane person, as Esau, who in exchange for one morsel of food did sell his birthright,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Lest there be any fornicator or profane person, as Esau who for one mess sold his first birthright.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Lest there bee any fornicatour, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsell of meat sold his birthright.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— or lest there be found among you any fornicator, or dissolute, as Isu, who for one meal sold his birthright.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— or lest any one be found among you a fornicator; or a heedless one like Esau, who for one mess of food, sold his primogeniture.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Lest 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
there [be] any 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
fornicator, 4205
{4205} Prime
πόρνος
pornos
{por'-nos}
From πέρνημι [[pernemi]] (to sell; akin to the base of G4097); a (male) prostitute (as venal), that is, (by analogy) a debauchee (libertine).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
profane person, 952
{0952} Prime
βέβηλος
bebelos
{beb'-ay-los}
From the base of G0939 and βηλός [[belos]] (a threshold); accessible (as by crossing the door way), that is, (by implication of Jewish notions) heathenish, wicked.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
Esau, 2269
{2269} Prime
Ἠσαῦ
Esau
{ay-sow'}
Of Hebrew origin [H6215]; Esau, an Edomite.
who 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
for 473
{0473} Prime
ἀντί
anti
{an-tee'}
A primary particle; opposite, that is, instead or because of (rarely in addition to).
one 3391
{3391} Prime
μία
mia
{mee'-ah}
Irregular feminine of G1520; one or first.
morsel of meat 1035
{1035} Prime
βρῶσις
brosis
{bro'-sis}
From the base of G0977; (abstractly) eating (literally or figuratively); by extension (concretely) food (literally or figuratively).
sold 591
{0591} Prime
ἀποδίδωμι
apodidomi
{ap-od-eed'-o-mee}
From G0575 and G1325; to give away, that is, up, over, back, etc. (in various applications).
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
birthright. 4415
{4415} Prime
πρωτοτόκια
prototokia
{pro-tot-ok'-ee-ah}
From G4416; primogeniture (as a privilege).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 12:16

_ _ fornicator — (Hebrews 13:4; 1 Corinthians 10:8).

_ _ or profaneFornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau’s sin. He profanely cast away his spiritual privilege for the gratification of his palate. Genesis 25:34 graphically portrays him. An example well fitted to strike needful horror into the Hebrews, whosoever of them, like Esau, were only sons of Isaac according to the flesh [Bengel].

_ _ for one morsel — The smallness of the inducement only aggravates the guilt of casting away eternity for such a trifle, so far is it from being a claim for mercy (compare Genesis 3:6). One single act has often the greatest power either for good or for evil. So in the cases of Reuben and Saul, for evil (Genesis 49:4; 1 Chronicles 5:1; 1 Samuel 13:12-14); and, on the other hand, for good, Abraham and Phinehas (Genesis 12:1, etc.; Genesis 15:5, Genesis 15:6; Numbers 25:6-15).

_ _ his birthrightGreek, “his own (so the oldest manuscripts read, intensifying the suicidal folly and sin of the act) rights of primogeniture,” involving the high spiritual privilege of being ancestor of the promised seed, and heir of the promises in Him. The Hebrews whom Paul addressed, had, as Christians, the spiritual rights of primogeniture (compare Hebrews 12:23): he intimates that they must exercise holy self-control, if they wish not, like Esau, to forfeit them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 12:4-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 12:16

Esau was profane for so slighting the blessing which went along with the birth — right.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 12:16

(11) Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.

(11) We must shun immorality, and a profane mind, that is, such a mind as does not give God his due honour, which wickedness, how severely God will at length punish, the horrible example of Esau teaches us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
any fornicator:

Hebrews 13:4 Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
Mark 7:21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,
Acts 15:20 But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and [from] fornication, and [from] things strangled, and [from] blood.
Acts 15:29 That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well.
1 Corinthians 5:1-6 It is reported commonly [that there is] fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's wife. ... Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
1 Corinthians 5:9-11 I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators: ... But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.
1 Corinthians 6:15-20 Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make [them] the members of an harlot? God forbid. ... For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
1 Corinthians 10:8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
2 Corinthians 12:21 [And] lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and [that] I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed.
Galatians 5:19-21 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, ... Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Ephesians 5:3 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints;
Ephesians 5:5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:
1 Thessalonians 4:3-7 For this is the will of God, [even] your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: ... For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.
Revelation 2:20-23 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. ... And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
Revelation 22:15 For without [are] dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

as Esau:

Genesis 25:31-34 And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright. ... Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised [his] birthright.
Genesis 27:36 And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 25:31; 27:36. Mk 7:21. Ac 15:20, 29. 1Co 5:1, 9; 6:15; 10:8. 2Co 12:21. Ga 5:19. Ep 5:3, 5. Col 3:5. 1Th 4:3. He 13:4. Rv 2:20; 21:8; 22:15.

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