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Hebrews 12:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— looking carefully lest [there be] any man that falleth short of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby the many be defiled;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— See to it that no one comes short of the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many be defiled;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Looking diligently, lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up, trouble [you], and by it many be defiled;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— watching lest [there be] any one who lacks the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and many be defiled by it;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Using oversight—lest any one be falling behind from the favour of God,—lest any root of bitterness, springing up above, be causing trouble, and, through it, the many, be defiled:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— looking diligently over lest any one be failing of the grace of God, lest any root of bitterness springing up may give trouble, and through this many may be defiled;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Looking diligently, lest any man be wanting to the grace of God: lest any root of bitterness springing up do hinder and by it many be defiled:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Looking diligently, lest any man faile of the grace of God, lest any roote of bitternesse springing vp, trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And be aware lest any one be found among you failing of the grace of Aloha; or lest any root of bitternesses should put forth the flower and injure you, and many be contaminated:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And be careful, lest any be found among you destitute of the grace of God; or lest some root of bitterness shoot forth germs, and trouble you; and thereby many be defiled:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Looking diligently 1983
{1983} Prime
ἐπισκοπέω
episkopeo
{ep-ee-skop-eh'-o}
From G1909 and G4648; to oversee; by implication to beware.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
lest 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
any man 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
fail 5302
{5302} Prime
ὑστερέω
hustereo
{hoos-ter-eh'-o}
From G5306; to be later, that is, (by implication) to be inferior; genitively to fall short (be deficient).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
of God; 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
lest 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
any 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
root 4491
{4491} Prime
ῥίζα
rhiza
{hrid'-zah}
Apparently a primary word; a 'root' (literally or figuratively).
of bitterness 4088
{4088} Prime
πικρία
pikria
{pik-ree'-ah}
From G4089; acridity (especially poison), literally or figuratively.
springing 5453
{5453} Prime
φύω
phuo
{foo'-o}
A primary verb; probably originally to 'puff' or blow, that is, to swell up; but only used in the implied sense, to germinate or grow (sprout, produce), literally or figuratively.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
up 507
{0507} Prime
ἄνω
ano
{an'-o}
Adverb from G0473; upward or on the top.
trouble 1776
{1776} Prime
ἐνοχλέω
enochleo
{en-okh-leh'-o}
From G1722 and G3791; to crowd in, that is, (figuratively) to annoy.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
[you], and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thereby 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
5026
{5026} Prime
ταύτῃ
taute
{tow'-tay}
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778; (towards or of) this.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
be defiled; 3392
{3392} Prime
μιαίνω
miaino
{me-ah'-ee-no}
Perhaps a primary verb; to sully or taint, that is, contaminate (ceremonially or morally).
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 12:15

_ _ lest any ... fallGreek, “lest any (namely, through sloth in running) failing,” or “falling short of the grace of God ... trouble you.” The image is taken from a company of travelers, one of whom lags behind, and so never reaches the end of the long and laborious journey [Chrysostom].

_ _ root of bitterness — not merely a “bitter root,” which might possibly bring forth sweet fruits; this, a root whose essence is “bitterness,” never could. Paul here refers to Deuteronomy 29:18, “Lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood” (compare Acts 8:23). Root of bitterness comprehends every person (compare Hebrews 12:16) and every principle of doctrine or practice so radically corrupt as to spread corruption all around. The only safety is in rooting out such a root of bitterness.

_ _ many — rather, “the many,” that is, the whole congregation. So long as it is hidden under the earth it cannot be remedied, but when it “springs up,” it must be dealt with boldly. Still remember the caution (Matthew 13:26-30) as to rooting out persons. No such danger can arise in rooting out bad principles.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 12:4-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 12:15

Looking diligently, lest any one — If he do not lift up the hands that hang down. Fall from the grace of God: lest any root of bitterness — Of envy, anger, suspicion. Springing up — Destroy the sweet peace; lest any, not following after holiness, fall into fornication or profaneness. In general, any corruption, either in doctrine or practice, is a root of bitterness, and may pollute many.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 12:15

(10) Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any (f) root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;

(10) We must study to edify one another both in doctrine and example of life.

(f) That no heresy, or backsliding be an offence.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Looking:

Hebrews 2:1-2 Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip. ... For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;
Hebrews 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Hebrews 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.
Hebrews 4:11 Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
Hebrews 6:11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end:
Hebrews 10:23-35 Let us hold fast the profession of [our] faith without wavering; (for he [is] faithful that promised;) ... Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.
Deuteronomy 4:9 Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' sons;
Proverbs 4:23 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.
1 Corinthians 9:24-27 Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. ... But I keep under my body, and bring [it] into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.
1 Corinthians 10:12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.
2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain.
2 Corinthians 13:5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?
2 Peter 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
2 Peter 3:11 [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness,
2 Peter 3:14 Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.
2 John 1:8 Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.
Jude 1:20-21 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, ... Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

any man:

Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
1 Corinthians 13:8 Charity never faileth: but whether [there be] prophecies, they shall fail; whether [there be] tongues, they shall cease; whether [there be] knowledge, it shall vanish away.
Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

fail of:
or, fall from,
Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

any root:

Hebrews 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Deuteronomy 29:18 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go [and] serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood;
Deuteronomy 32:32 For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes [are] grapes of gall, their clusters [are] bitter:
Isaiah 5:4 What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?
Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?
Matthew 7:16-18 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? ... A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither [can] a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

trouble:

Joshua 6:18 And ye, in any wise keep [yourselves] from the accursed thing, lest ye make [yourselves] accursed, when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.
Joshua 7:25-26 And Joshua said, Why hast thou troubled us? the LORD shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. ... And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day.
Joshua 22:17-20 [Is] the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed until this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of the LORD, ... Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.
Ephesians 5:3 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints;
Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:

and thereby:

Exodus 32:21 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?
1 Kings 14:16 And he shall give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin.
Acts 20:30-31 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. ... Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
1 Corinthians 5:6 Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
1 Corinthians 15:33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.
Galatians 2:13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.
2 Timothy 2:16-17 But shun profane [and] vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. ... And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;
2 Peter 2:1-2 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. ... And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.
2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.
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Ex 32:21. Dt 4:9; 29:18; 32:32. Jsh 6:18; 7:25; 22:17. 1K 14:16. Pv 4:23. Is 5:4, 7. Jr 2:21. Mt 7:16. Lk 22:32. Ac 20:30. 1Co 5:6; 9:24; 10:12; 13:8; 15:33. 2Co 6:1; 13:5. Ga 2:13; 5:4. Ep 5:3. Col 3:5. 2Ti 2:16. He 2:1; 3:12; 4:1, 11; 6:11; 10:23. 2P 1:10; 2:1, 18; 3:11, 14. 2Jn 1:8. Jde 1:20.

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