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Hebrews 12:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore lift up the hands that hang down, and the palsied knees;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore, strengthen the hands that are weak and the knees that are feeble,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore lift up the hands that hang down, and the failing knees;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, the slackened hands and paralysed knees, restore ye,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Wherefore, the hanging-down hands and the loosened knees set ye up;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore, lift up the hands which hang down and the feeble knees:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore lift vp the handes which hang downe, and the feeble knees.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— WHEREFORE your relaxed hands and your trembling knees make strong;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore, strengthen ye your relaxed hands, and your tottering knees:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
lift up 461
{0461} Prime
ἀνορθόω
anorthoo
{an-orth-o'-o}
From G0303 and a derivative of the base of G3717; to straighten up.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
the hands 5495
{5495} Prime
χείρ
cheir
{khire}
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
which x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hang down, 3935
{3935} Prime
παρίημι
pariemi
{par-ee'-ay-mi}
From G3844 and ίημι [[hiemi]] (to send); to let by, that is, relax.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
feeble 3886
{3886} Prime
παραλύω
paraluo
{par-al-oo'-o}
From G3844 and G3089; to loosen beside, that is, relax (perfect passive participle paralyzed or enfeebled).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
knees; 1119
{1119} Prime
γόνυ
gonu
{gon-oo'}
Of uncertain affinity; the 'knee'.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 12:12

_ _ He addresses them as runners in a race, and pugilists, and warriors [Chrysostom]. The “wherefore” is resumed from Hebrews 12:1.

_ _ lift up — In Isaiah 35:3, from which Paul here quotes, it is, “Strengthen ye the weak hands.” The hand is the symbol of one’s strength. Alford translates, “Put straight again the relaxed hands.” English Version expresses the sense well.

_ _ feeble — literally, “paralyzed”; a word used only by Luke, Paul’s companion, in the New Testament. The exhortation has three parts: the first relates to ourselves, Hebrews 12:12, Hebrews 12:13; the second, to others, Hebrews 12:14, “peace with all men”; the third, to God, “holiness, without which,” etc. The first is referred to in Hebrews 12:15, “test any man fail of the grace of God”; the second in the words, “lest any root of bitterness,” etc.; the third in Hebrews 12:16, “Lest there be any fornicator or profane person,” etc. This threefold relation often occurs in Paul’s Epistles. Compare Note, see on Titus 2:12, “soberly, righteously, and godly.” The Greek active verb, not the middle or reflexive, requires the sense to be, Lift up not only your own hands and knees, but also those of your brethren (compare Hebrews 12:15; Isaiah 35:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 12:4-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 12:12

Wherefore lift up the hands — Whether your own or your brethren's. That hang down — Unable to continue the combat. And the feeble knees — Unable to continue the race. Isaiah 35:3.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 12:12

(8) Wherefore lift up the hands which (d) hang down, and the feeble knees;

(8) The conclusion: we must go forward courageously and keep always a right course and (as far forth as we may) without any staggering or stumbling.

(d) The description of a man that is out of heart and completely discouraged.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Hebrews 12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
Hebrews 12:5 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him:
Job 4:3-4 Behold, thou hast instructed many, and thou hast strengthened the weak hands. ... Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees.
Isaiah 35:3 Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.
Ezekiel 7:17 All hands shall be feeble, and all knees shall be weak [as] water.
Ezekiel 21:7 And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak [as] water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.
Daniel 5:6 Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.
Nahum 2:10 She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain [is] in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.
1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 4:3. Is 35:3. Ezk 7:17; 21:7. Dn 5:6. Na 2:10. 1Th 5:14. He 12:3, 5.

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