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Hebrews 11:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— (of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves, and the holes of the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and [in] mountains, and [in] dens and caves of the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ([men] of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and [in] mountains, and [in] dens and caves of the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (of whom the world was not worthy,) wandering in deserts and mountains, and [in] dens and caverns of the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Of whom the world, was not worthy—upon deserts, wandering, and mountains, and in caves,—and in the caverns of the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— of whom the world was not worthy; in deserts wandering, and [in] mountains, and [in] caves, and [in] the holes of the earth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Of whom the world was not worthy: wandering in deserts, in mountains and in dens and in caves of the earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Of whome the world was not worthy: they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dennes and caues of the earth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Men, of whom the world was not worthy, became as wanderers in the desert, and in mountains, and in dens, and in caverns of the earth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— persons of whom the world was not worthy, and yet they were as wanderers in the desert, and in mountains, and in caves, and in caverns of the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
(Of whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
worthy:) y514
[0514] Standard
ἄξιος
axios
{ax'-ee-os}
Probably from G0071; deserving, comparable or suitable (as if drawing praise).
they x514
(0514) Complement
ἄξιος
axios
{ax'-ee-os}
Probably from G0071; deserving, comparable or suitable (as if drawing praise).
wandered 4105
{4105} Prime
πλανάω
planao
{plan-ah'-o}
From G4106; to (properly cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
deserts, 2047
{2047} Prime
ἐρημία
eremia
{er-ay-mee'-ah}
From G2048; solitude (concretely).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[in] mountains, 3735
{3735} Prime
ὄρος
oros
{or'-os}
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[in] dens 4693
{4693} Prime
σπήλαιον
spelaion
{spay'-lah-yon}
Neuter of a presumed derivation of σπέος [[speos]] (a grotto); a cavern; by implication a hiding place or resort.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
caves 3692
{3692} Prime
ὀπή
ope
{op-ay'}
Probably from G3700; a hole (as if for light), that is, cavern; by analogy a spring (of water).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth. 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 11:38

_ _ Of whom the world was not worthy — So far from their being unworthy of living in the world, as their exile in deserts, etc., might seem to imply, “the world was not worthy of them.” The world, in shutting them out, shut out from itself a source of blessing; such as Joseph proved to Potiphar (Genesis 39:5), and Jacob to Laban (Genesis 30:27). In condemning them, the world condemned itself.

_ _ caves — literally, “chinks.” Palestine, from its hilly character, abounds in fissures and caves, affording shelter to the persecuted, as the fifty hid by Obadiah (1 Kings 18:4, 1 Kings 18:13) and Elijah (1 Kings 19:8, 1 Kings 19:13); and Mattathias and his sons (1 Maccabees 2:28, 29); and Judas Maccabeus (2 Maccabees 5:27).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 11:32-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 11:38

Of whom the world was not worthy — It did not deserve so great a blessing. They wandered — Being driven out from men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
whom:

1 Kings 14:12-13 Arise thou therefore, get thee to thine own house: [and] when thy feet enter into the city, the child shall die. ... And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found [some] good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
2 Kings 23:25-29 And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there [any] like him. ... In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.
Isaiah 57:1 The righteous perisheth, and no man layeth [it] to heart: and merciful men [are] taken away, none considering that the righteous is taken away from the evil [to come].

wandered:

1 Samuel 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard [it], they went down thither to him.
1 Samuel 23:15 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David [was] in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.
1 Samuel 23:19 Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which [is] on the south of Jeshimon?
1 Samuel 23:23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.
1 Samuel 24:1-3 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David [is] in the wilderness of Engedi. ... And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where [was] a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave.
1 Samuel 26:1 And the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, [which is] before Jeshimon?
1 Kings 17:3 Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that [is] before Jordan.
1 Kings 18:4 For it was [so], when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)
1 Kings 18:13 Was it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets of the LORD, how I hid an hundred men of the LORD'S prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water?
1 Kings 19:9 And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD [came] to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?
Psalms 142:1 [[Maschil of David; A Prayer when he was in the cave.]] I cried unto the LORD with my voice; with my voice unto the LORD did I make my supplication.
*title
Psalms 142:2-7 I poured out my complaint before him; I shewed before him my trouble. ... Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name: the righteous shall compass me about; for thou shalt deal bountifully with me.
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1S 22:1; 23:15, 19, 23; 24:1; 26:1. 1K 14:12; 17:3; 18:4, 13; 19:9. 2K 23:25. Ps 142:1, 2. Is 57:1.

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