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Hebrews 11:37 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— they were stoned, they were sawn asunder, they were tempted, they were slain with the sword: they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were tempted, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheep-skins, and goat-skins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They were stoned, were sawn asunder, were tempted, died by the death of the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, destitute, afflicted, evil treated,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They were stoned, were pierced through, were sawn asunder, by murder, with a sword, died, went about in sheep-skins, in goat-hides,—being in want, suffering tribulation, enduring ill-treatment:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— they were stoned, they were sawn asunder, they were tried; in the killing of the sword they died; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins—being destitute, afflicted, injuriously treated,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They were stoned, they were cut asunder, they were tempted, they were put to death by the sword, they wandered about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being in want, distressed, afflicted:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They were stoned, they were sawen asunder, were tempted, were slaine with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskinnes, and goat skins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— others were stoned, others divided, others died by the edge of the sword, others wandered about clothed with skins of sheep and of goats, necessitous, afflicted, and driven out.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— others were stoned; others were sawed; others died by the edge of the sword; others roamed about clothed in sheep skins and goat skins, and were needy, and afflicted, and agitated;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They were stoned, 3034
{3034} Prime
λιθάζω
lithazo
{lith-ad'-zo}
From G3037; to lapidate.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
they were sawn asunder, 4249
{4249} Prime
πρί[ζ]ω
prizo
{prid'-zo}
A strengthened form of a primary word πρίω [[prio]], (to saw); to saw in two.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
were tempted, 3985
{3985} Prime
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
were slain 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x5408
(5408) Complement
φόνος
phonos
{fon'-os}
From an obsolete primary φένω [[pheno]] (to slay); murder.
sword: 3162
{3162} Prime
μάχαιρα
machaira
{makh'-ahee-rah}
Probably feminine of a presumed derivative of G3163; a knife, that is, dirk; figuratively war, judicial punishment.
y5408
[5408] Standard
φόνος
phonos
{fon'-os}
From an obsolete primary φένω [[pheno]] (to slay); murder.
they wandered about 4022
{4022} Prime
περιέρχομαι
perierchomai
{per-ee-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4012 and G2064 (including its alternate); to come all around, that is, stroll, vacillate, veer.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
sheepskins 3374
{3374} Prime
μηλωτή
melote
{may-lo-tay'}
From μῆλον [[melon]] (a sheep); a sheep skin.
and y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
goatskins; 122
{0122} Prime
αἴγειος
aigeos
{ah'-ee-ghi-os}
From αἴξ [[aix]] (a goat); belonging to a goat.
1192
{1192} Prime
δέρμα
derma
{der'-mah}
From G1194; a hide.
x1222
(1222) Complement
δήπου
depou
{day'-poo}
From G1211 and G4225; a particle of asseveration; indeed doubtless.
being destitute, 5302
{5302} Prime
ὑστερέω
hustereo
{hoos-ter-eh'-o}
From G5306; to be later, that is, (by implication) to be inferior; genitively to fall short (be deficient).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
afflicted, 2346
{2346} Prime
θλίβω
thlibo
{thlee'-bo}
Akin to the base of G5147; to crowd (literally or figuratively).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
tormented; 2558
{2558} Prime
κακουχέω
kakoucheo
{kak-oo-kheh'-o}
From a presumed compound of G2556 and G2192; to maltreat.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 11:37

_ _ stoned — as Zechariah, son of Jehoiada (2 Chronicles 24:20-22; Matthew 23:35).

_ _ sawn asunder — as Isaiah was said to have been by Manasseh; but see my Introduction to Isaiah.

_ _ temptedby their foes, in the midst of their tortures, to renounce their faith; the most bitter aggravation of them. Or else, by those of their own household, as Job was [Estius]; or by the fiery darts of Satan, as Jesus was in His last trials [Glassius]. Probably it included all three; they were tempted in every possible way, by friends and foes, by human and satanic agents, by caresses and afflictions, by words and deeds, to forsake God, but in vain, through the power of faith.

_ _ sword — literally, “they died in the murder of the sword.” In Hebrews 11:34 the contrary is given as an effect of faith, “they escaped the edge of the sword.” Both alike are marvelous effects of faith. In both accomplishes great things and suffers great things, without counting it suffering [Chrysostom]. Urijah was so slain by Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 26:23); and the prophets in Israel (1 Kings 19:10).

_ _ in sheepskins — as Elijah (1 Kings 19:13, Septuagint). They were white; as the “goat-skins” were black (compare Zechariah 13:4).

_ _ tormentedGreek, “in evil state.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 11:32-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 11:37

They were sawn asunder — As, according to the tradition of the Jews, Isaiah was by Manasseh. Were tempted — Torments and death are mentioned alternately. Every way; by threatenings, reproaches, tortures, the variety of which cannot be expressed; and again by promises and allurements.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 11:37

They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in (x) sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;

(x) In vile and rough clothing, so were the saints brought to extreme poverty, and constrained to live like beasts in the wilderness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
stoned:

1 Kings 21:10 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And [then] carry him out, and stone him, that he may die.
1 Kings 21:13-15 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, [even] against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died. ... And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.
2 Chronicles 24:21 And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of the LORD.
Matthew 21:35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!
John 10:31-33 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him. ... The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
Acts 7:58-59 And cast [him] out of the city, and stoned [him]: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul. ... And they stoned Stephen, calling upon [God], and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.
Acts 14:19 And there came thither [certain] Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and, having stoned Paul, drew [him] out of the city, supposing he had been dead.
2 Corinthians 11:25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;

were slain:

1 Samuel 22:17-19 And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also [is] with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD. ... And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.
1 Kings 18:4 For it was [so], when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)
1 Kings 18:13 Was it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets of the LORD, how I hid an hundred men of the LORD'S prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water?
1 Kings 19:1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and withal how he had slain all the prophets with the sword.
1 Kings 19:10 And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, [even] I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.
1 Kings 19:14 And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, [even] I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.
Jeremiah 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.
Jeremiah 26:23 And they fetched forth Urijah out of Egypt, and brought him unto Jehoiakim the king; who slew him with the sword, and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people.
Lamentations 4:13-14 For the sins of her prophets, [and] the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her, ... They have wandered [as] blind [men] in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments.
Matthew 23:35-37 That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. ... O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Luke 11:51-54 From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation. ... Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.
Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
Acts 12:2-3 And he killed James the brother of John with the sword. ... And because he saw it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to take Peter also. (Then were the days of unleavened bread.)

in sheepskins:

2 Kings 1:8 And they answered him, [He was] an hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather about his loins. And he said, It [is] Elijah the Tishbite.
Matthew 3:4 And the same John had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey.
Revelation 11:3 And I will give [power] unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred [and] threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

being destitute:

Hebrews 12:1-3 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, ... For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
Matthew 8:20 And Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air [have] nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay [his] head.
1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. ... Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
2 Corinthians 11:23-27 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
2 Corinthians 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
James 5:10-11 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. ... Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 22:17. 1K 18:4, 13; 19:1, 10, 14; 21:10, 13. 2K 1:8. 2Ch 24:21. Jr 2:30; 26:23. Lm 4:13. Zc 13:9. Mt 3:4; 8:20; 21:35; 23:35, 37. Lk 11:51; 13:34. Jn 10:31. Ac 7:52, 58; 12:2; 14:19. 1Co 4:9. 2Co 11:23, 25; 12:10. He 12:1. Jm 5:10. Rv 11:3.

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