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Hebrews 11:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient, having received the spies with peace.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, as she had received the spies with peace.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with the unbelieving, having received the spies in peace.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By faith, Rahab the harlot perished not with them who refused to yield, she having welcomed the spies with peace.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— by faith Rahab the harlot did not perish with those who disbelieved, having received the spies with peace.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with the unbelievers, receiving the spies with peace.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that beleeued not, when shee had receiued the spies with peace.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— By faith Rachob the harlot perished not with those who would not hearken, because she had received the explorers in peace.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— By faith Rahab, the harlot, perished not with them who believed not, when she received the spies in peace.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
harlot 4204
{4204} Prime
πόρνη
porne
{por'-nay}
Feminine of G4205; a strumpet; figuratively an idolater.
Rahab 4460
{4460} Prime
Ῥαάβ
Rhaab
{hrah-ab'}
Of Hebrew origin [H7343]; Raab (that is, Rachab), a Canaanitess.
perished 4881
{4881} Prime
συναπόλλυμι
sunapollumi
{soon-ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G4862 and G0622; to destroy (middle voice or passive voice, be slain) in company with.
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
with them that believed not, 544
{0544} Prime
ἀπειθέω
apeitheo
{ap-i-theh'-o}
From G0545; to disbelieve (wilfully and perversely).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
when she had received 1209
{1209} Prime
δέχομαι
dechomai
{dekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to receive (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
spies 2685
{2685} Prime
κατάσκοπος
kataskopos
{kat-as'-kop-os}
From G2596 (intensive) and G4649 (in the sense of a watcher); a reconnoiterer.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
peace. 1515
{1515} Prime
εἰρήνη
eirene
{i-ray'-nay}
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 11:31

_ _ Rahab showed her “faith” in her confession, Joshua 2:9, Joshua 2:11, “I know that Jehovah hath given you the land; Jehovah your God, is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath.”

_ _ the harlot — Her former life adds to the marvel of her repentance, faith, and preservation (Matthew 21:31, Matthew 21:32).

_ _ believed notGreek, “were disobedient,” namely, to the will of God manifested by the miracles wrought in behalf of Israel (Joshua 2:8-11).

_ _ received — in her house (Joshua 2:1, Joshua 2:4, Joshua 2:6).

_ _ with peace — peaceably; so that they had nothing to fear in her house. Thus Paul, quoting the same examples (Hebrews 11:17, Hebrews 11:31) for the power of faith, as James (James 2:21, James 2:25; see on James 2:21; see on James 2:25) does for justification by works evidentially, shows that in maintaining justification by faith alone, he means not a dead faith, but “faith which worketh by love” (Galatians 5:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 11:4-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 11:31

Rahab — Though formerly one not of the fairest character.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 11:31

(14) By faith the (q) harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the (r) spies with peace.

(14) Rahab.

(q) A notable example of God's goodness.

(r) Courteously and friendly, so that not only did she not hurt them, but also kept them safe.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the harlot:

Joshua 2:1-22 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there. ... And they went, and came unto the mountain, and abode there three days, until the pursuers were returned: and the pursuers sought [them] throughout all the way, but found [them] not.
Joshua 6:22-25 But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye sware unto her. ... And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel [even] unto this day; because she hid the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.
Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Matthew 1:5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;
James 2:25 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent [them] out another way?

believed not:
or, were disobedient,
Hebrews 3:18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?
1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.

she had:

Joshua 1:1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD it came to pass, that the LORD spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying,
Joshua 2:4-24 And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, There came men unto me, but I wist not whence they [were]: ... And they said unto Joshua, Truly the LORD hath delivered into our hands all the land; for even all the inhabitants of the country do faint because of us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 1:1; 2:1, 4; 6:22. Mt 1:1, 5. He 3:18. Jm 2:25. 1P 2:8; 3:20.

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