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Hebrews 11:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he persevered, as seeing him who is invisible.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By faith, he forsook Egypt—not put in fear of the wrath of the king; for, as seeing him who cannot be seen, he persevered.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— by faith he left Egypt behind, not having been afraid of the wrath of the king, for, as seeing the Invisible One—he endured;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the fierceness of the king: for he endured, as seeing him that is invisible.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By faith hee forsooke Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he indured, as seeing him who is inuisible.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— By faith he forsook Metsreen, and feared not the wrath of the king; and hoped, as one who beheld Aloha who is the invisible.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— By faith, he left Egypt, and was not terrified by the wrath of the king; and he continued to hope, just as if he saw the invisible God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By faith 4102
{4102} Prime
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
he forsook 2641
{2641} Prime
From G2596 and G3007; to leave down, that is, behind; by implication to abandon, have remaining.
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Egypt, 125
{0125} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; AEgyptus, the land of the Nile.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
fearing 5399
{5399} Prime
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
<5679> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 164
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wrath 2372
{2372} Prime
From G2380; passion (as if breathing hard).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
king: 935
{0935} Prime
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he endured, 2594
{2594} Prime
From a derivative of G2904 (transposed); to be strong, that is, (figuratively) steadfast (patient).
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
as 5613
{5613} Prime
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
seeing 3708
{3708} Prime
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
him who is invisible. 517
{0517} Prime
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3707; invisible.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 11:27

_ _ not fearing the wrath of the king — But in Exodus 2:14 it is said, “Moses feared, and fled from the face of Pharaoh.” He was afraid, and fled from the danger where no duty called him to stay (to have stayed without call of duty would have been to tempt Providence, and to sacrifice his hope of being Israel’s future deliverer according to the divine intimations; his great aim, see on Hebrews 11:23). He did not fear the king so as to neglect his duty and not return when God called him. It was in spite of the king’s prohibition he left Egypt, not fearing the consequences which were likely to overtake him if he should be caught, after having, in defiance of the king, left Egypt. If he had stayed and resumed his position as adopted son of Pharaoh’s daughter, his slaughter of the Egyptian would doubtless have been connived at; but his resolution to take his portion with oppressed Israel, which he could not have done had he stayed, was the motive of his flight, and constituted the “faith” of this act, according to the express statement here. The exodus of Moses with Israel cannot be meant here, for it was made, not in defiance, but by the desire, of the king. Besides, the chronological order would be broken thus, the next particular specified here, namely, the institution of the Passover, having taken place before the exodus. Besides, it is Moses’ personal history and faith which are here described. The faith of the people (“THEY passed”) is not introduced till Hebrews 11:29.

_ _ endured — steadfast in faith amidst trials. He had fled, not so much from fear of Pharaoh, as from a revulsion of feeling in finding God’s people insensible to their high destiny, and from disappointment at not having been able to inspire them with those hopes for which he had sacrificed all his earthly prospects. This accounts for his strange reluctance and despondency when commissioned by God to go and arouse the people (Exodus 3:15; Exodus 4:1, Exodus 4:10-12).

_ _ seeing him ... invisible — as though he had not to do with men, but only with God, ever before his eyes by faith, though invisible to the bodily eye (Romans 1:20; 1 Timothy 1:17; 1 Timothy 6:16). Hence he feared not the wrath of visible man; the characteristic of faith (Hebrews 11:1; Luke 12:4, Luke 12:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 11:4-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 11:27

By faith he left Egypt — Taking all the Israelites with him. Not then fearing the wrath of the king — As he did many years before, Exodus 2:14. Exodus 14:15, &c.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he forsook:

Exodus 10:28-29 And Pharaoh said unto him, Get thee from me, take heed to thyself, see my face no more; for in [that] day thou seest my face thou shalt die. ... And Moses said, Thou hast spoken well, I will see thy face again no more.
Exodus 11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.
Exodus 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; [with] your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it [is] the LORD'S passover.
Exodus 12:37-42 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside children. ... It [is] a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this [is] that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.
Exodus 13:17-21 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not [through] the way of the land of the Philistines, although that [was] near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: ... And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:

not fearing:

Exodus 2:14-15 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known. ... Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.
Exodus 4:19 And the LORD said unto Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought thy life.
Exodus 14:10-13 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD. ... And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.


Hebrews 6:15 And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise.
Hebrews 10:32 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;
Hebrews 12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
Matthew 10:22 And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
Matthew 24:13 But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
Mark 4:17 And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
Mark 13:13 And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake: but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
1 Corinthians 13:7 Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
James 5:11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.


Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
Hebrews 11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of [them], and embraced [them], and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Psalms 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved.
Acts 2:25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:
2 Corinthians 4:18 While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen [are] temporal; but the things which are not seen [are] eternal.
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 2:14; 4:19; 10:28; 11:8; 12:11, 37; 13:17; 14:10. Ps 16:8. Mt 10:22; 24:13. Mk 4:17; 13:13. Ac 2:25. 1Co 13:7. 2Co 4:18. 1Ti 1:17; 6:16. He 6:15; 10:32; 11:1, 13; 12:2, 3. Jm 5:11. 1P 1:8.

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