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Hebrews 11:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw he was a goodly child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw [he was] a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By faith Moses when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw [he was] a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By faith Moses, being born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw the child beautiful; and they did not fear the injunction of the king.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By faith, Moses, when born—was hid three months by his parents, because, they saw, that, goodly, was, the child, and were not affrighted, at the decree of the king.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By faith Moses, having been born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw the child comely, and were not afraid of the decree of the king;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents: because they saw he was a comely babe, and they feared not the king's edict.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By faith; Moses when hee was borne was hid three moneths of his parents, because they saw he was a proper childe, and they not afraid of the Kings commandement.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BY faith the parents of Musha concealed him when he had been born three months, because they saw that he was a beautiful child; and they feared not the edict of the king.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— By faith the parents of Moses, after he was born, hid him three months; because they saw he was a goodly child; and they were not deterred by the command of the king.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Moses, 3475
{3475} Prime
Μωσεῦς
Moseus
{moce-yoos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
when he was born, 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
was hid 2928
{2928} Prime
κρύπτω
krupto
{kroop'-to}
A primary verb; to conceal (properly by covering).
z5648
<5648> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 72
three months 5150
{5150} Prime
τρίμηνον
trimenon
{trim'-ay-non}
Neuter of a compound of G5140 and G3376 as noun; a three months' space.
of 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
parents, 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
because 1360
{1360} Prime
διότι
dioti
{dee-ot'-ee}
From G1223 and G3754; on the very account that, or inasmuch as.
they saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
[he was] a proper 791
{0791} Prime
ἀστεῖος
asteios
{as-ti'-os}
From ἄστυ [[astu]] (a city); urbane, that is, (by implication) handsome.
child; 3813
{3813} Prime
παιδίον
paidion
{pahee-dee'-on}
Neuter diminutive of G3816; a childling (of either sex), that is, (properly) an infant, or (by extension) a half grown boy or girl; figuratively an immature Christian.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they were y5399
[5399] Standard
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3756
[3756] Standard
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
afraid 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5675
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
x3756
(3756) Complement
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
king's 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
commandment. 1297
{1297} Prime
διάταγμα
diatagma
{dee-at'-ag-mah}
From G1299; an arrangement, that is, (authoritative) edict.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 11:23

_ _ parents — So the Septuagint has the plural, namely, Amram and Jochebed (Numbers 26:59); but in Exodus 2:2, the mother alone is mentioned; but doubtless Amram sanctioned all she did, and secrecy. being their object, he did not appear prominent in what was done.

_ _ a proper childGreek, “a comely child.” Acts 7:20, “exceeding fair,” Greek, “fair to God.” The “faith” of his parents in saving the child must have had some divine revelation to rest on (probably at the time of his birth), which marked their “exceeding fair” babe as one whom God designed to do a great work by. His beauty was probably “the sign” appointed by God to assure their faith.

_ _ the king’s commandment — to slay all the males (Exodus 1:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 11:4-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 11:23

They saw — Doubtless with a divine presage of things to come.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 11:23

(11) By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw [he was] a proper child; and they were not (o) afraid of the king's commandment.

(11) Moses.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
faith:

Exodus 2:2-10 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he [was a] goodly [child], she hid him three months. ... And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
Acts 7:20 In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father's house three months:

a proper child:
That is, a fine, beautiful, or fair child, as our translators render αστειος [Strong's G0791] in
Acts 7:20 In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father's house three months:
; which was in their time the sense of proper, from the French propre.

and they:

Hebrews 13:6 So that we may boldly say, The Lord [is] my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.
Psalms 56:4 In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me.
Psalms 118:6 The LORD [is] on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?
Isaiah 8:12-13 Say ye not, A confederacy, to all [them to] whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. ... Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and [let] him [be] your fear, and [let] him [be] your dread.
Isaiah 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
Isaiah 41:14 Fear not, thou worm Jacob, [and] ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.
Isaiah 51:7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart [is] my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.
Isaiah 51:12 I, [even] I, [am] he that comforteth you: who [art] thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man [that] shall die, and of the son of man [which] shall be made [as] grass;
Daniel 3:16-18 Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, answered and said to the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we [are] not careful to answer thee in this matter. ... But if not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.
Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.
Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Luke 12:4-5 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. ... But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

the king's:

Exodus 1:16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see [them] upon the stools; if it [be] a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it [be] a daughter, then she shall live.
Exodus 1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 1:16, 22; 2:2. Ps 56:4; 118:6. Is 8:12; 41:10, 14; 51:7, 12. Dn 3:16; 6:10. Mt 10:28. Lk 12:4. Ac 7:20. He 13:6.

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