Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Hebrews 11:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, [leaning] upon the top of his staff.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, [leaning] upon the top of his staff.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By faith Jacob, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, [leaning] on the top of his staff.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshiped, [leaning] upon the top of his staff.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By faith Jacob [when] dying blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshipped on the top of his staff.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By faith, Jacob, when about to die, blessed each of the sons of Joseph; and bowed in worship on the top of his staff.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— by faith Jacob dying—each of the sons of Joseph did bless, and did bow down upon the top of his staff;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By faith Jacob, dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph and adored the top of his rod.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By faith Iacob when hee was a dying, blessed both the sonnes of Ioseph, and worshipped [leaning] vpon the top of his staffe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— By faith, when dying, Jakub blessed each of the sons of Jauseph; and worshipped upon the head of his staff.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— By faith Jacob, when dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and bowed himself on the top of his staff.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Jacob, 2384
{2384} Prime
Ἰακώβ
Iakob
{ee-ak-obe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3290]; Jacob (that is, Ja'akob), the pogenitor of the Israelites; also an Israelite.
when he was a dying, 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
blessed 2127
{2127} Prime
εὐλογέω
eulogeo
{yoo-log-eh'-o}
From a compound of G2095 and G3056; to speak well of, that is, (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
both 1538
{1538} Prime
ἕκαστος
hekastos
{hek'-as-tos}
As if a superlative of ἕκας [[hekas]] (afar); each or every.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sons 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of Joseph; 2501
{2501} Prime
Ἰωσήφ
Ioseph
{ee-o-safe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3130]; Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
worshipped, 4352
{4352} Prime
προσκυνέω
proskuneo
{pros-koo-neh'-o}
From G4314 and probably a derivative of G2965 (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his master's hand); to fawn or crouch to, that is, (literally or figuratively) prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[leaning] upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
top 206
{0206} Prime
ἄκρον
akron
{ak'-ron}
Neuter of an adjective probably akin to the base of G0188; the extremity.
of his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
staff. 4464
{4464} Prime
ῥάβδος
rhabdos
{hrab'-dos}
From the base of G4474; a stick or wand (as a cudgel, a cane or a baton of royalty).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 11:21

_ _ both the sonsGreek,each of the sons” (Genesis 47:29; Genesis 48:8-20). He knew not Joseph’s sons, and could not distinguish them by sight, yet he did distinguish them by faith, transposing his hands intentionally, so as to lay his right hand on the younger, Ephraim, whose posterity was to be greater than that of Manasseh: he also adopted these grandchildren as his own sons, after having transferred the right of primogeniture to Joseph (Genesis 48:22).

_ _ and worshipped — This did not take place in immediate connection with the foregoing, but before it, when Jacob made Joseph swear that he would bury him with his fathers in Canaan, not in Egypt. The assurance that Joseph would do so filled him with pious gratitude to God, which he expressed by raising himself on his bed to an attitude of worship. His faith, as Joseph’s (Hebrews 11:22), consisted in his so confidentially anticipating the fulfillment of God’s promise of Canaan to his descendants, as to desire to be buried there as his proper possession.

_ _ leaning upon the top of his staffGenesis 47:31, Hebrew and English Version, “upon the bed’s head.” The Septuagint translates as Paul here. Jerome justly reprobates the notion of modern Rome, that Jacob worshipped the top of Joseph’s staff, having on it an image of Joseph’s power, to which Jacob bowed in recognition of the future sovereignty of his son’s tribe, the father bowing to the son! The Hebrew, as translated in English Version, sets it aside: the bed is alluded to afterwards (Genesis 48:2; Genesis 49:33), and it is likely that Jacob turned himself in his bed so as to have his face toward the pillow, Isaiah 38:2 (there were no bedsteads in the East). Paul by adopting the Septuagint version, brings out, under the Spirit, an additional fact, namely, that the aged patriarch used his own (not Joseph’s) staff to lean on in worshipping on his bed. The staff, too, was the emblem of his pilgrim state here on his way to his heavenly city (Hebrews 11:13, Hebrews 11:14), wherein God had so wonderfully supported him. Genesis 32:10, “With my staff I passed over Jordan, and now I am become,” etc. (compare Exodus 12:11; Mark 6:8). In 1 Kings 1:47, the same thing is said of David’s “bowing on his bed,” an act of adoring thanksgiving to God for God’s favor to his son before death. He omits the more leading blessing of the twelve sons of Jacob; because “he plucks only the flowers which stand by his way, and leaves the whole meadow full to his readers” [Delitzsch in Alford].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 11:4-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 11:21

Jacob when dying — That is, when near death. Bowing down on the top of his staff — As he sat on the side of his bed. Genesis 48:16; Genesis 47:31

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 11:21

(9) By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, [leaning] upon the top of his staff.

(9) Jacob.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
faith:

Genesis 48:5-22 And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, [are] mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. ... Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.

and worshipped:

Genesis 47:31 And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 47:31; 48:5.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Hebrews 11:21.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Hebrews 11:21


Recent Chat Bible Comments