A primary particle; properly assigning a reason
(used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position
(in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality
(medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest
(intermediate between G1519
, (up-) on
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the
(sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Comparative of πρέσβυς
; as noun, a senior
; specifically an Israelite Sanhedrist
(also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian 'presbyter'.
obtained a good report.
; to be a witness
, that is, testify
(literally or figuratively).
Tense - Aorist (See G5777
Voice - Passive (See G5786
Mood - Indicative (See G5791
Count - 602
_ _ For So high a description of faith is not undeserved; for ... [Alford].
_ _ by it Greek, “in it”: in respect to ... in the matter of,” it, “or, as Greek more emphatically, “this.”
_ _ the elders as though still living and giving their powerful testimony to the reasonableness and excellence of faith (Hebrews 12:1). Not merely the ancients, as though they were people solely of the past; nay, they belong to the one and the same blessed family as ourselves (Hebrews 11:39, Hebrews 11:40). “The elders,” whom we all revere so highly. “Paul shows how we ought to seek in all its fullness, under the veil of history, the essential substance of the doctrine sometimes briefly indicated” [Bengel]. “The elders,” as “the fathers,” is a title of honor given on the ground of their bright faith and practice.
_ _ obtained a good report Greek, “were testified of,” namely, favorably (compare Hebrews 7:8). It is a phrase of Luke, Paul’s companion. Not only men, but God, gave testimony to their faith (Hebrews 11:4, Hebrews 11:5, Hebrews 11:39). Thus they being testified of themselves have become “witnesses” to all others (Hebrews 12:1). The earlier elders had their patience exercised for a long period of life: those later, in sharper afflictions. Many things which they hoped for and did not see, subsequently came to pass and were conspicuously seen, the event confirming faith [Bengel].
By it the elders Our forefathers. This chapter is a kind of summary of the Old Testament, in which the apostle comprises the designs, labours, sojournings, expectations, temptations, martyrdoms of the ancients. The former of them had a long exercise of their patience; the latter suffered shorter but sharper trials. Obtained a good testimony A most comprehensive word. God gave a testimony, not only of them but to them: and they received his testimony as if it had been the things themselves of which he testified, Hebrews 11:4-5, Hebrews 11:39. Hence they also gave testimony to others, and others testified of them.
(2) For by it the (a) elders obtained a good report.
(2) He shows that the fathers ought to be accounted of by this virtue.
(a) That is, those fathers from whom we came: and whose authority and example ought to move us very much.
- the elders:
Hebrews 11:4-39 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh. ... And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise:
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