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Hebrews 11:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By faith Abraham, being tried, offered up Isaac: yea, he that had gladly received the promises was offering up his only begotten [son];
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son],
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was offering up his only begotten [son];
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only-begotten [son],
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By faith Abraham, [when] tried, offered up Isaac, and he who had received to himself the promises offered up his only begotten [son],
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By faith, Abraham, when tested, offered up Isaac, and, the only-begotten, would he have offered up, who the promises had accepted,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By faith Abraham hath offered up Isaac, being tried, and the only begotten he did offer up who did receive the promises,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By faith Abraham when he was tried, offered vp Isaac: and he that had receiued the promises, offered vp his onely begotten sonne,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— By faith Abraham offered Ishok in his temptation and his only-born he lifted upon the altar, even him whom he had received by the promise:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— By faith Abraham, in his trial, offered up Isaac; and he laid on the altar his only son, whom he had received by promise.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Abraham, 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
when he was tried, 3985
{3985} Prime
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
offered up 4374
{4374} Prime
προσφέρω
prosphero
{pros-fer'-o}
From G4314 and G5342 (including its alternate); to bear towards, that is, lead to, tender (especially to God), treat.
z5754
<5754> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 97
Isaac: 2464
{2464} Prime
Ἰσαάκ
Isaak
{ee-sah-ak'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3327]; Isaac (that is, Jitschak), the son of Abraham.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he that had received 324
{0324} Prime
ἀναδέχομαι
anadechomai
{an-ad-ekh'-om-ahee}
From G0303 and G1209; to entertain (as a guest).
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
promises 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
offered up 4374
{4374} Prime
προσφέρω
prosphero
{pros-fer'-o}
From G4314 and G5342 (including its alternate); to bear towards, that is, lead to, tender (especially to God), treat.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
his only begotten 3439
{3439} Prime
μονογενής
monogenes
{mon-og-en-ace'}
From G3441 and G1096; only born, that is, sole.
[son],
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 11:17

_ _ offered up — literally, “hath offered up,” as if the work and its praise were yet enduring [Alford]. As far as His intention was concerned, he did sacrifice Isaac; and in actual fact “he offered him,” as far as the presentation of him on the altar as an offering to God is concerned.

_ _ triedGreek, “tempted,” as in Genesis 22:1. Put to the proof of his faith. Not that God “tempts” to sin, but God “tempts” in the sense of proving or trying (James 1:13-15).

_ _ and — and so.

_ _ he that had received — rather as Greek, “accepted,” that is, welcomed and embraced by faith, not merely “had the promises,” as in Hebrews 7:6. This added to the difficulty in the way of his faith, that it was in Isaac’s posterity the promises were to be fulfilled; how then could they be fulfilled if Isaac were sacrificed?

_ _ offered up — rather as Greek, “was offering up”; he was in the act of offering.

_ _ his only-begotten son — Compare Genesis 22:2, “Take now thy son, thine only son.” Eusebius [The Preparation of the Gospel, 1.10, and 4.16], has preserved a fragment of a Greek translation of Sanchoniatho, which mentions a mystical sacrifice of the Phoenicians, wherein a prince in royal robes was the offerer, and his only son was to be the victim: this evidently was a tradition derived from Abraham’s offering, and handed down through Esau or Edom, Isaac’s son. Isaac was Abraham’s “only-begotten son” in respect of Sarah and the promises: he sent away his other sons, by other wives (Genesis 25:6). Abraham is a type of the Father not sparing His only-begotten Son to fulfil the divine purpose of love. God nowhere in the Mosaic law allowed human sacrifices, though He claimed the first-born of Israel as His.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 11:4-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 11:17

By faith Abraham — When God made that glorious trial of him. Offered up Isaac — The will being accepted as if he had actually done it. Yea, he that had received the promises — Particularly that grand promise, "In Isaac shall thy seed be called." Offered up — This very son; the only one he had by Sarah. Genesis 22:1, &c.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 11:17

By faith Abraham, when he was (k) tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the (l) promises offered up his only begotten [son],

(k) Tried by the Lord.

(l) Although the promises of life were made in that only begotten son Isaac, yet he appointed him to die; and so against hope he believed in hope.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
faith:

Genesis 22:1-12 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, [here] I [am]. ... And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] from me.
James 2:21-24 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? ... Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

when:

Deuteronomy 8:2 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.
2 Chronicles 32:31 Howbeit in [the business of] the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was [done] in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all [that was] in his heart.
Job 1:11-12 But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. ... And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath [is] in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD.
Job 2:3-6 And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that [there is] none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause. ... And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, he [is] in thine hand; but save his life.
Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot [is] for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.
Daniel 11:35 And [some] of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make [them] white, [even] to the time of the end: because [it is] yet for a time appointed.
Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
Malachi 3:2-3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: ... And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
James 1:2-4 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; ... But let patience have [her] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
James 5:11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
1 Peter 1:6-7 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: ... That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
1 Peter 4:12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:
Revelation 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

received:

Hebrews 7:6 But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises.

offered:

2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.

only:

Genesis 22:2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only [son] Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.
Genesis 22:16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son]:
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:1, 2, 16. Dt 8:2. 2Ch 32:31. Jb 1:11; 2:3. Pv 17:3. Dn 11:35. Zc 13:9. Mal 3:2. Jn 3:16. 2Co 8:12. He 7:6. Jm 1:2; 2:21; 5:11. 1P 1:6; 4:12. Rv 3:10.

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