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Hebrews 10:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, But a body didst thou prepare for me;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore, when He comes into the world, He says, “SACRIFICE AND OFFERING YOU HAVE NOT DESIRED, BUT A BODY YOU HAVE PREPARED FOR ME;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore, when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldst not, but a body hast thou prepared me:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore coming into the world he says, Sacrifice and offering thou willedst not; but thou hast prepared me a body.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, coming into the world, he saith: Sacrifice and offering, thou willedst not, but, a body, hast thou fitted for me,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Wherefore, coming into the world, he saith, 'Sacrifice and offering Thou didst not will, and a body Thou didst prepare for me,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore, when he cometh into the world he saith: Sacrifice and oblation thou wouldest not: but a body thou hast fitted to me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore when hee commeth into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared mee:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Wherefore when he cometh into the world he saith, Sacrifices and oblations thou hast not willed, but with a body hast thou clothed me:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore, when entering the world, he said: In sacrifices and oblations, thou hast not had pleasure; but thou hast clothed me with a body.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
when he cometh 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world, 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
he saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Sacrifice 2378
{2378} Prime
θυσία
thusia
{thoo-see'-ah}
From G2380; sacrifice (the act or the victim, literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
offering 4376
{4376} Prime
προσφορά
prosphora
{pros-for-ah'}
From G4374; presentation; concretely an oblation (bloodless) or sacrifice.
thou wouldest 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
not, 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
a body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
hast thou prepared 2675
{2675} Prime
καταρτίζω
katartizo
{kat-ar-tid'-zo}
From G2596 and a derivative of G0739; to complete thoroughly, that is, repair (literally or figuratively) or adjust.
z5668
<5668> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 88
me: 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 10:5

_ _ Christ’s voluntary self offering, in contrast to those inefficient sacrifices, is shown to fulfill perfectly “the will of God” as to our redemption, by completely atoning “for (our) sins.”

_ _ Wherefore — seeing that a nobler than animal sacrifices was needed to “take away sins.”

_ _ when he comethGreek, “coming.” The time referred to is the period before His entrance into the world, when the inefficiency of animal sacrifices for expiation had been proved [Tholuck]. Or, the time is that between Jesus’ first dawning of reason as a child, and the beginning of His public ministry, during which, being ripened in human resolution, He was intently devoting Himself to the doing of His Father’s will [Alford]. But the time of “coming” is present; not “when He had come,” but “when coming into the world”; so, in order to accord with Alford’s view, “the world” must mean His PUBLIC ministry: when coming, or about to come, into public. The Greek verbs are in the past: “sacrifice ... Thou didst not wish, but a body Thou didst prepare for Me”; and, “Lo, I am come.” Therefore, in order to harmonize these times, the present coming, or about to come, with the past, “A body Thou didst prepare for Me,” we must either explain as Alford, or else, if we take the period to be before His actual arrival in the world (the earth) or incarnation, we must explain the past tenses to refer to God’s purpose, which speaks of what He designed from eternity as though it were already fulfilled. “A body Thou didst prepare in Thy eternal counsel.” This seems to me more likely than explaining “coming into the world,” “coming into public,” or entering on His public ministry. David, in the fortieth Psalm (here quoted), reviews his past troubles and God’s having delivered him from them, and his consequent desire to render willing obedience to God as more acceptable than sacrifices; but the Spirit puts into his mouth language finding its partial application to David, and its full realization only in the divine Son of David. “The more any son of man approaches the incarnate Son of God in position, or office, or individual spiritual experience, the more directly may his holy breathings in the power of Christ’s Spirit be taken as utterances of Christ Himself. Of all men, the prophet-king of Israel resembled and foreshadowed Him the most” [Alford].

_ _ a body hast thou prepared meGreek, “Thou didst fit for Me a body.” “In Thy counsels Thou didst determine to make for Me a body, to be given up to death as a sacrificial victim” [Wahl]. In the Hebrew, Psalms 40:6, it is “mine ears hast thou opened,” or “dug.” Perhaps this alludes to the custom of boring the ear of a slave who volunteers to remain under his master when he might be free. Christ’s assuming a human body, in obedience to the Father’s will, in order to die the death of a slave (Hebrews 2:14), was virtually the same act of voluntary submission to service as that of a slave suffering his ear to be bored by his master. His willing obedience to the Father’s will is what is dwelt on as giving especial virtue to His sacrifice (Hebrews 10:7, Hebrews 10:9, Hebrews 10:10). The preparing, or fitting of a body for Him, is not with a view to His mere incarnation, but to His expiatory sacrifice (Hebrews 10:10), as the contrast to “sacrifice and offering” requires; compare also Romans 7:4; Ephesians 2:16; Colossians 1:22. More probably “opened mine ears” means opened mine inward ear, so as to be attentively obedient to what God wills me to do, namely, to assume the body He has prepared for me for my sacrifice, so Job 33:16, Margin; Job 36:10 (doubtless the boring of a slave’s “ear” was the symbol of such willing obedience); Isaiah 50:5, “The Lord God hath opened mine ear,” that is, made me obediently attentive as a slave to his master. Others somewhat similarly explain, “Mine ears hast thou digged,” or “fashioned,” not with allusion to Exodus 21:6, but to the true office of the ear — a willing, submissive attention to the voice of God (Isaiah 50:4, Isaiah 50:5). The forming of the ear implies the preparation of the body, that is, the incarnation; this secondary idea, really in the Hebrew, though less prominent, is the one which Paul uses for his argument. In either explanation the idea of Christ taking on Him the form, and becoming obedient as a servant, is implied. As He assumed a body in which to make His self-sacrifice, so ought we present our bodies a living sacrifice (Romans 12:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 10:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 10:5

When he cometh into the world — In the fortieth psalm the Messiah's coming into the world is represented. It is said, into the world, not into the tabernacle, Hebrews 9:1; because all the world is interested in his sacrifice. A body hast thou prepared for me — That I may offer up myself. Psalms 40:6, &c.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 10:5

(2) Wherefore when he (b) cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a (c) body hast thou prepared me:

(2) A conclusion following those things that went before, and encompassing also the other sacrifices. Seeing that the sacrifices of the law could not do it, therefore Christ speaking of himself as of our High Priest manifested in the flesh, witnesses plainly that God rests not in the sacrifices, but in the obedience of his Son our High Priest, in whose obedience he offered up himself once to his Father for us.

(b) The Son of God is said to come into the world, when he was made man.

(c) It is word for word in the Hebrew text, "You have pierced my ears through" that is, "you have made me obedient and willing to hear".

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

Hebrews 10:7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.
Hebrews 1:6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
Matthew 11:3 And said unto him, Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?
Luke 7:19 And John calling [unto him] two of his disciples sent [them] to Jesus, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?
*Gr.

Sacrifice:

Psalms 40:6-8 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required. ... I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law [is] within my heart.
Psalms 50:8-23 I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices or thy burnt offerings, [to have been] continually before me. ... Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth [his] conversation [aright] will I shew the salvation of God.
Isaiah 1:11 To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.
Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings [are] not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.
Amos 5:21-22 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. ... Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept [them]: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.

but:

Hebrews 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all].
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Hebrews 8:3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore [it is] of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Jeremiah 31:22 How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the LORD hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.
Matthew 1:20-23 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. ... Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
1 John 4:2-3 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: ... And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that [spirit] of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.

hast thou prepared me:
or, thou hast fitted me
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Ps 40:6; 50:8. Is 1:11; 7:14. Jr 6:20; 31:22. Am 5:21. Mt 1:20; 11:3. Lk 1:35; 7:19. Jn 1:14. Ga 4:4. 1Ti 3:16. He 1:6; 2:14; 8:3; 10:7, 10. 1Jn 4:2. 2Jn 1:7.

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