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Hebrews 1:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee With the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “YOU HAVE LOVED RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HATED LAWLESSNESS; THEREFORE GOD, YOUR GOD, HAS ANOINTED YOU WITH THE OIL OF GLADNESS ABOVE YOUR COMPANIONS.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou hast loved righteousness and hast hated lawlessness; therefore God, thy God, has anointed thee with oil of gladness above thy companions.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated lawlessness,—For this cause, hath God, thy God, anointed thee with the oil of exultation, beyond thy partners;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— thou didst love righteousness, and didst hate lawlessness; because of this did He anoint thee—God, thy God—with oil of gladness above thy partners;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou hast loued righteousnesse, and hated iniquitie, therefore God, [euen] thy God hath anointed thee with the oyle of gladnesse aboue thy fellowes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Thou hast loved righteousness, and hast hated iniquity; therefore Aloha thy God hath anointed thee with the oil of exultation more (abundantly) than thy fellows.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Thou hast loved rectitude, and hated iniquity; therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness more than thy associates.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou hast loved 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
righteousness, 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hated 3404
{3404} Prime
μισέω
miseo
{mis-eh'-o}
From a primary word μῖσος [[misos]] (hatred); to detest (especially to persecute); by extension to love less.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
iniquity; 458
{0458} Prime
ἀνομία
anomia
{an-om-ee'-ah}
From G0459; illegality, that is, violation of law or (generally) wickedness.
therefore 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
[even] thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
hath anointed 5548
{5548} Prime
χρίω
chrio
{khree'-o}
Probably akin to G5530 through the idea of contact; to smear or rub with oil, that is, (by implication) to consecrate to an office or religious service.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
thee 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
with the oil 1637
{1637} Prime
ἔλαιον
elaion
{el'-ah-yon}
Neuter of the same as G1636; olive oil.
of gladness 20
{0020} Prime
ἀγαλλίασις
agalliasis
{ag-al-lee'-as-is}
From G0021; exultation; specifically welcome.
above 3844
{3844} Prime
παρά
para
{par-ah'}
A primary preposition; properly near, that is, (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]). In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
fellows. 3353
{3353} Prime
μέτοχος
metochos
{met'-okh-os}
From G3348; participant, that is, (as noun) a sharer; by implication an associate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 1:9

_ _ iniquity — “unrighteousness.” Some oldest manuscripts read, “lawlessness.”

_ _ therefore — because God loves righteousness and hates iniquity.

_ _ God ... thy God — Jerome, Augustine, and others translate Psalms 45:7, “O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee,” whereby Christ is addressed as God. This is probably the true translation of the Hebrew there, and also of the Greek of Hebrews here; for it is likely the Son is addressed, “O God,” as in Hebrews 1:8. The anointing here meant is not that at His baptism, when He solemnly entered on His ministry for us; but that with the “oil of gladness,” or “exulting joy” (which denotes a triumph, and follows as the consequence of His manifested love of righteousness and hatred of iniquity), wherewith, after His triumphant completion of His work, He has been anointed by the Father above His fellows (not only above us, His fellow men, the adopted members of God’s family, whom “He is not ashamed to call His brethren,” but above the angels, fellow partakers in part with Him, though infinitely His inferiors, in the glories, holiness, and joys of heaven; “sons of God,” and angel “messengers,” though subordinate to the divine Angel — “Messenger of the covenant”). Thus He is antitype to Solomon, “chosen of all David’s many sons to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel,” even as His father David was chosen before all the house of his father’s sons. The image is drawn from the custom of anointing guests at feasts (Psalms 23:5); or rather of anointing kings: not until His ascension did He assume the kingdom as Son of man. A fuller accomplishment is yet to be, when He shall be VISIBLY the anointed King over the whole earth (set by the Father) on His holy hill of Zion, Psalms 2:6, Psalms 2:8. So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem (1 Samuel 16:13; Psalms 89:20); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah (2 Samuel 2:4), then over all Israel (2 Samuel 5:3); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ’s death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities (Ephesians 1:20, Ephesians 1:21). Psalms 45:1-17 in its first meaning was addressed to Solomon; but the Holy Spirit inspired the writer to use language which in its fullness can only apply to the antitypical Solomon, the true Royal Head of the theocracy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 1:9

Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity — Thou art infinitely pure and holy. Therefore God — Who, as thou art Mediator, is thy God. Hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness — With the Holy Ghost, the fountain of joy. Above thy fellows — Above all the children of men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 1:9

Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated (r) iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath (s) anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy (t) fellows.

(r) This type of speech in which the Jews use contrasting phrases, has great force in it.

(s) In that, that the word became flesh, by sending the Holy Spirit on him without measure.

(t) For he is the head and we are his members.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
loved:

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
Psalms 11:5 The LORD trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that loveth violence his soul hateth.
Psalms 33:5 He loveth righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of the LORD.
Psalms 37:28 For the LORD loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved for ever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off.
Psalms 40:8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law [is] within my heart.
Psalms 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Isaiah 61:8 For I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt offering; and I will direct their work in truth, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.

hated:

Psalms 119:104 Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way.
Psalms 119:128 Therefore I esteem all [thy] precepts [concerning] all [things to be] right; [and] I hate every false way.
Proverbs 8:13 The fear of the LORD [is] to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.
Amos 5:15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Zechariah 8:17 And let none of you imagine evil in your hearts against his neighbour; and love no false oath: for all these [are things] that I hate, saith the LORD.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
Revelation 2:6-7 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate. ... He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
Revelation 2:15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.

thy God:

Psalms 89:26 He shall cry unto me, Thou [art] my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.
John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.
2 Corinthians 11:31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

anointed:

Psalms 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],
Psalms 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
*marg.
Psalms 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound;
Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
John 1:41 He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
John 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure [unto him].
Acts 4:27 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together,
Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.

oil:

Psalms 23:5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Isaiah 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Romans 15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,

thy fellows:

Hebrews 2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified [are] all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
1 Corinthians 1:9 God [is] faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
1 John 1:3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
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Ps 2:2, 6; 11:5; 23:5; 33:5; 37:28; 40:8; 45:7; 89:20, 26; 119:104, 128. Pv 8:13. Is 61:1, 3, 8. Am 5:15. Zc 8:17. Lk 4:18. Jn 1:41; 3:34; 20:17. Ac 4:27; 10:38. Ro 12:9; 15:13. 1Co 1:9. 2Co 11:31. Ga 5:22. Ep 1:3. He 2:11; 7:26. 1P 1:3. 1Jn 1:3. Rv 2:6, 15.

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