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Hebrews 1:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but of the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever; And the sceptre of uprightness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But of the Son [He says], “YOUR THRONE, O GOD, IS FOREVER AND EVER, AND THE RIGHTEOUS SCEPTER IS THE SCEPTER OF HIS KINGDOM.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But to the Son, [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness [is] the scepter of thy kingdom.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but as to the Son, Thy throne, O God, [is] to the age of the age, and a sceptre of uprightness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— but, as to the Son,—Thy throne, O God, is unto times age-abiding, and—A sceptre of equity, is the sceptre of his kingdom,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and unto the Son: 'Thy throne, O God, [is] to the age of the age; a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy reign;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But to the Son: Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of justice is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But vnto the Sonne, [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for euer and euer: a scepter of righteousnesse [is] the scepter of thy kingdome.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But concerning the Son he hath said, Thy throne, Aloha, (is) for ever and ever, a right sceptre (is) the sceptre of thy kingdom.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But of the Son he said: Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever; a righteous sceptre is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
[he saith], Thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
throne, y2362
[2362] Standard
θρόνος
thronos
{thron'-os}
From θράω [[thrao]] (to sit); a stately seat ('throne'); by implication power or (concretely) a potentate.
x2262
(2262) Complement
Ἤρ
Er
{ayr}
Of Hebrew origin [H6147]; Er, an Israelite.
O God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
[is] for y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
ever y165
[0165] Standard
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
and ever: 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a sceptre 4464
{4464} Prime
ῥάβδος
rhabdos
{hrab'-dos}
From the base of G4474; a stick or wand (as a cudgel, a cane or a baton of royalty).
of righteousness 2118
{2118} Prime
εὐθύτης
euthutes
{yoo-thoo'-tace}
From G2117; rectitude.
[is] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sceptre 4464
{4464} Prime
ῥάβδος
rhabdos
{hrab'-dos}
From the base of G4474; a stick or wand (as a cudgel, a cane or a baton of royalty).
of thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
kingdom. 932
{0932} Prime
βασιλεία
basileia
{bas-il-i'-ah}
From G0935; properly royalty, that is, (abstractly) rule, or (concretely) a realm (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 1:8

_ _ O God — the Greek has the article to mark emphasis (Psalms 45:6, Psalms 45:7).

_ _ for ever ... righteousnessEverlasting duration and righteousness go together (Psalms 45:2; Psalms 89:14).

_ _ a sceptre of righteousness — literally, “a rod of rectitude,” or “straightforwardness.” The oldest manuscripts prefix “and” (compare Esther 4:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 1:8

O God — God, in the singular number, is never in scripture used absolutely of any but the supreme God. Thy reign, of which the sceptre is the ensign, is full of justice and equity. Psalms 45:6-7.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 1:8

But unto the Son [he saith], Thy (o) throne, O God, [is] for ever (p) and ever: a (q) sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom.

(o) The throne is proper for princes and not for servants.

(p) For everlasting, for this repeating of the word increases the significance of it beyond all measure.

(q) The government of your kingdom is righteous.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thy throne:

Psalms 45:6-7 Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre. ... Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

O God:

Hebrews 3:3-4 For this [man] was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. ... For every house is builded by some [man]; but he that built all things [is] God.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 45:21-22 Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me. ... Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
Isaiah 45:25 In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
Jeremiah 23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Hosea 1:7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.
Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Luke 1:16-17 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. ... And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
John 10:30 I and [my] Father are one.
John 10:33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Titus 2:13-14 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; ... Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

for:

Psalms 145:13 Thy kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and thy dominion [endureth] throughout all generations.
Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Deuteronomy 2:37 Only unto the land of the children of Ammon thou camest not, [nor] unto any place of the river Jabbok, nor unto the cities in the mountains, nor unto whatsoever the LORD our God forbad us.
Deuteronomy 7:14 Thou shalt be blessed above all people: there shall not be male or female barren among you, or among your cattle.
1 Corinthians 15:25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
2 Peter 1:11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

a sceptre:

2 Samuel 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God.
Psalms 72:1-4 [[[A Psalm] for Solomon.]] Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son. ... He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
Psalms 72:7 In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
Psalms 72:11-14 Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him. ... He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.
Psalms 99:4 The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 32:1-2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. ... And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Jeremiah 38:15 Then Jeremiah said unto Zedekiah, If I declare [it] unto thee, wilt thou not surely put me to death? and if I give thee counsel, wilt thou not hearken unto me?
Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

righteousness:
Gr. rightness, or, straightness
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 2:37; 7:14. 2S 23:3. Ps 45:6; 72:1, 7, 11; 99:4; 145:13. Is 7:14; 9:6, 7; 32:1; 45:21, 25. Jr 23:5, 6; 38:15. Ho 1:7. Zc 9:9; 13:9. Mal 3:1. Mt 1:23. Lk 1:16. Jn 10:30, 33; 20:28. Ro 9:5. 1Co 15:25. 1Ti 3:16. Tit 2:13. He 3:3. 2P 1:11. 1Jn 5:20.

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