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Hebrews 1:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels winds, And his ministers a flame a fire:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And of the angels He says, “WHO MAKES HIS ANGELS WINDS, AND HIS MINISTERS A FLAME OF FIRE.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And as to the angels he says, Who makes his angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Even as to the messengers, indeed, he saith—Who maketh his messengers, winds, and his ministers of state, a fiery flame;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and unto the messengers, indeed, He saith, 'Who is making His messengers spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And to the angels indeed he saith: He that maketh his angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And of the Angels he saith: Who maketh his Angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But concerning the angels, thus hath he spoken: Who hath made his angels spirit, and his ministers a flaming fire.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But of the angels he thus said: Who made his angels a wind, and his ministers a flaming fire.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of y4314
[4314] Standard
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
the angels 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
x4314
(4314) Complement
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
he saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Who maketh 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
angels 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
spirits, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
ministers 3011
{3011} Prime
λειτουργός
leitourgos
{li-toorg-os'}
From a derivative of G2992 and G2041; a public servant, that is, a functionary in the Temple or Gospel, or (generally) a worshipper (of God) or benefactor (of man).
a flame 5395
{5395} Prime
φλόξ
phlox
{flox}
From a primary φλέγω [[phlego]] (to 'flash' or 'flame'); a blaze.
of fire. 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 1:7

_ _ of — The Greek is rather, “In reference TO the angels.”

_ _ spirits — or “winds”: Who employeth His angels as the winds, His ministers as the lightnings; or, He maketh His angelic ministers the directing powers of winds and flames, when these latter are required to perform His will. “Commissions them to assume the agency or form of flames for His purposes” [Alford]. English Version, “maketh His angels spirits,” means, He maketh them of a subtle, incorporeal nature, swift as the wind. So Psalms 18:10, “a cherub ... the wings of the wind.Hebrews 1:14, “ministering spirits,” favors English Version here. As “spirits” implies the wind-like velocity and subtle nature of the cherubim, so “flame of fire” expresses the burning devotion and intense all-consuming zeal of the adoring seraphim (meaning “burning), Isaiah 6:1. The translation, “maketh winds His messengers, and a flame of fire His ministers (!),” is plainly wrong. In the Psalms 104:3, Psalms 104:4, the subject in each clause comes first, and the attribute predicated of it second; so the Greek article here marks “angels” and “ministers” as the subjects, and “winds” and “flame of fire,” predicates, Schemoth Rabba says, “God is called God of Zebaoth (the heavenly hosts), because He does what He pleases with His angels. When He pleases, He makes them to sit (Judges 6:11); at other times to stand (Isaiah 6:2); at times to resemble women (Zechariah 5:9); at other times to resemble men (Genesis 18:2); at times He makes them ‘spirits’; at times, fire.” “Maketh” implies that, however exalted, they are but creatures, whereas the Son is the Creator (Hebrews 1:10): not begotten from everlasting, nor to be worshipped, as the Son (Revelation 14:7; Revelation 22:8, Revelation 22:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 1:7

Who maketh his angels — This implies, they are only creatures, whereas the Son is eternal, Hebrews 1:8; and the Creator himself, Hebrews 1:10. Spirits and a flame of fire — Which intimates not only their office, but also their nature; which is excellent indeed, the metaphor being taken from the most swift, subtle, and efficacious things on earth; but nevertheless infinitely below the majesty of the Son. Psalms 104:4.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 1:7

(8) And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels (m) spirits, and his ministers a (n) flame of fire.

(8) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that he is called both Son, and God in (Hebrews 1:5-8, Hebrews 1:10, Hebrews 1:13).

(m) Cherub, (Psalms 18:11).

(n) Seraph, (Isaiah 6:2).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of:
Gr. unto

Who:

Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
2 Kings 2:11 And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, [there appeared] a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.
2 Kings 6:17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain [was] full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.
Psalms 104:4 Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
Isaiah 6:2 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly.
*Heb:
Ezekiel 1:13-14 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance [was] like burning coals of fire, [and] like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning. ... And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.
Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Zechariah 6:5 And the angel answered and said unto me, These [are] the four spirits of the heavens, which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 2:11; 6:17. Ps 104:4. Is 6:2. Ezk 1:13. Dn 7:10. Zc 6:5. He 1:14.

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