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Hebrews 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, This day have I begotten thee? and again, I will be to him a Father, And he shall be to me a Son?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For to which of the angels did He ever say, “YOU ARE MY SON, TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU”? And again, “I WILL BE A FATHER TO HIM AND HE SHALL BE A SON TO ME”?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For to which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For to which of the angels said he ever, *Thou* art my Son: this day have *I* begotten thee? and again, *I* will be to him for father, and *he* shall be to me for son?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For unto which of the messengers said he at any time—My Son, art, thou, I, this day have begotten thee? and again—I, will become, his father, and, he, shall become my Son?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For to which of the messengers said He ever, 'My Son thou art—I to-day have begotten thee?' and again, 'I will be to him for a father, and he shall be to Me for a son?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For to which of the angels hath he said at any time: Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee? And again: I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For vnto which of the Angels said he at any time, Thou art my sonne, this day haue I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Sonne.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For unto which one from (among) the angels at any time said Aloha, Thou art my Son; I to-day have begotten thee? And again, I will be to him the Father, and he shall be to me the Son?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For to which of the angels did God ever say, Thou art my SON, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
unto which 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
angels 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
said x2036
(2036) Complement
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
he y2036
[2036] Standard
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
at any time, 4218
{4218} Prime
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
Thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
Son, 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
this day 4594
{4594} Prime
σήμερον
semeron
{say'-mer-on}
Neuter (as adverb) of a presumed compound of the article G3588 ('tau' changed to 'sigma') and G2250; on the (that is, this) day (or night current or just passed); genitively now (that is, at present, hitherto).
have y1080
[1080] Standard
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
begotten 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
thee? y4571
[4571] Standard
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
x471
(0471) Complement
ἀντέπω
antepo
{an-tep'-o}
From G0473 and G2036; to refute or deny.
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
again, 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
will be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Father, 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
shall be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
me 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
a x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Son? 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 1:5

_ _ For — substantiating His having “obtained a more excellent name than the angels.”

_ _ unto which — A frequent argument in this Epistle is derived from the silence of Scripture (Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 2:16; Hebrews 7:3, Hebrews 7:14) [Bengel].

_ _ this day have I begotten thee — (Psalms 2:7). Fulfilled at the resurrection of Jesus, whereby the Father “declared,” that is, made manifest His divine Sonship, heretofore veiled by His humiliation (Acts 13:33; Romans 1:4). Christ has a fourfold right to the title “Son of God”; (1) By generation, as begotten of God; (2) By commission, as sent by God; (3) By resurrection, as “the first-begotten of the dead” (compare Luke 20:36; Romans 1:4; Revelation 1:5); (4) By actual possession, as heir of all [Bishop Pearson]. The Psalm here quoted applied primarily in a less full sense to Solomon, of whom God promised by Nathan to David. “I will be his father and he shall be my son.” But as the whole theocracy was of Messianic import, the triumph of David over Hadadezer and neighboring kings (2 Samuel 8:1-18; Psalms 2:2, Psalms 2:3, Psalms 2:9-12) is a type of God’s ultimately subduing all enemies under His Son, whom He sets (Hebrew, “anointed,” Psalms 2:6) on His “holy hill of Zion,” as King of the Jews and of the whole earth. the antitype to Solomon, son of David. The “I” in Greek is emphatic; I the Everlasting Father have begotten Thee this day, that is, on this day, the day of Thy being manifested as My Son, “the first-begotten of the dead” (Colossians 1:18; Revelation 1:5). when Thou hast ransomed and opened heaven to Thy people. He had been always Son, but now first was manifested as such in His once humbled, now exalted manhood united to His Godhead. Alford refers “this day” to the eternal generation of the Son: the day in which the Son was begotten by the Father is an everlasting to-day: there never was a yesterday or past time to Him, nor a to-morrow or future time: “Nothing there is to come, and nothing past, but an eternal NOW doth ever last” (Proverbs 30:4; John 10:30, John 10:38; John 16:28; John 17:8). The communication of the divine essence in its fullness, involves eternal generation; for the divine essence has no beginning. But the context refers to a definite point of time, namely, that of His having entered on the inheritance (Hebrews 1:4). The “bringing the first-begotten into the world” (Hebrews 1:6), is not subsequent, as Alford thinks, to Hebrews 1:5, but anterior to it (compare Acts 2:30-35).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 1:5

Thou art my Son — God of God, Light of Light. This day have I begotten thee — I have begotten thee from eternity, which, by its unalter able permanency of duration, is one continued, unsuccessive day. I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son — I will own myself to be his Father, and him to be my Son, by eminent tokens of my peculiar love The former clause relates to his natural Sonship, by an eternal, inconceivable generation; the other, to his Father's acknowledgment and treatment of him as his incarnate Son. Indeed this promise related immediately to Solomon, but in a far higher sense to the Messiah. Psalms 2:7; 2 Samuel 7:14

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 1:5

(5) For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, (k) this day have I begotten thee? (6) And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

(5) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that he is called both Son, and God in (Hebrews 1:5-8, Hebrews 1:10, Hebrews 1:13).

(k) The Father begat the Son from everlasting, but that everlasting generation was revealed and represented to the world in his time, and therefore he added this word "Today" (6) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that he is called both Son, and God in (Hebrews 1:5-8, Hebrews 1:10, Hebrews 1:13).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thou:

Hebrews 5:5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.
Psalms 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou [art] my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
Acts 13:33 God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.

I will:

2 Samuel 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
1 Chronicles 17:13 I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took [it] from [him] that was before thee:
1 Chronicles 22:10 He shall build an house for my name; and he shall be my son, and I [will be] his father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel for ever.
1 Chronicles 28:6 And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him [to be] my son, and I will be his father.
Psalms 89:26-27 He shall cry unto me, Thou [art] my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. ... Also I will make him [my] firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.
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2S 7:14. 1Ch 17:13; 22:10; 28:6. Ps 2:7; 89:26. Ac 13:33. He 5:5.

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