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Hebrews 1:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who being the effulgence of his glory, and the very image of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had made purification of sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself made purification of our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who being [the] effulgence of his glory and [the] expression of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, having made [by himself] the purification of sins, set himself down on the right hand of the greatness on high,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who, being an eradiated brightness of his glory, and an exact representation of his very being, also bearing up all things by the utterance of his power, purification of sins, having achieved, sat down on the right hand of the majesty in high places:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who being the brightness of the glory, and the impress of His subsistence, bearing up also the all things by the saying of his might—through himself having made a cleansing of our sins, sat down at the right hand of the greatness in the highest,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who being the brightness of his glory and the figure of his substance and upholding all things by the word of his power, making purgation of sins, sitteth on the right hand of the majesty on high:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who being the brightnesse of his glory, and the expresse image of his person, and vpholding all things by the word of his power, when hee had by himselfe purged our sinnes, sate down on ye right hand of the Maiestie on high,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who himself is the resplendence of his glory, and the image of his Being, and upholdeth all (things) by the power of his word; and he, in his (own) person, hath made purification of sins, and hath sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— who is the splendor of his glory, and the image of himself, and upholdeth all by the energy of his word; and by himself he made a purgation of sins, and sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
being 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
the brightness 541
{0541} Prime
ἀπαύγασμα
apaugasma
{ap-ow'-gas-mah}
From a compound of G0575 and G0826; an off flash, that is, effulgence.
of [his] glory, 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the express image 5481
{5481} Prime
χαρακτήρ
charakter
{khar-ak-tare'}
From the same as G5482; a graver (the tool or the person), that is, (by implication) engraving (['character'], the figure stamped, that is, an exact copy or [figuratively] representation).
of his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
person, 5287
{5287} Prime
ὑπόστασις
hupostasis
{hoop-os'-tas-is}
From a compound of G5259 and G2476; a setting under (support), that is, (figuratively) concretely essence, or abstractly assurance (objectively or subjectively).
and 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
upholding 5342
{5342} Prime
φέρω
phero
{fer'-o}
A primary verb (for which other and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only; namely οἴω [[oio]], {oy'-o}; and ἐνέγκω [[enegko]], {en-eng'-ko}); to 'bear' or carry (in a very wide application, literally and figuratively.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
by the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
word 4487
{4487} Prime
ῥῆμα
rhema
{hray'-mah}
From G4483; an utterance (individually, collectively or specifically); by implication a matter or topic (especially of narration, command or dispute); with a negative naught whatever.
of his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
power, 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
when he had y4160
[4160] Standard
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
y2512
[2512] Standard
καθαρισμός
katharismos
{kath-ar-is-mos'}
From G2511; a washing off, that is, (ceremonially) ablution, (morally) expiation.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
himself 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
purged 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
2512
{2512} Prime
καθαρισμός
katharismos
{kath-ar-is-mos'}
From G2511; a washing off, that is, (ceremonially) ablution, (morally) expiation.
z5671
<5671> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 61
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
sins, 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
sat down 2523
{2523} Prime
καθίζω
kathizo
{kath-id'-zo}
Another (active) form for G2516; to seat down, that is, set (figuratively appoint); intransitively to sit (down); figuratively to settle (hover, dwell).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
on 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the right hand 1188
{1188} Prime
δεξιός
dexios
{dex-ee-os'}
From G1209; the right side or (feminine) hand (as that which usually takes).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Majesty 3172
{3172} Prime
μεγαλωσύνη
megalosune
{meg-al-o-soo'-nay}
From G3173; greatness, that is, (figuratively) divinity (often God himself).
on 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
high; 5308
{5308} Prime
ὑψηλός
hupselos
{hoop-say-los'}
From G5311; lofty (in place or character).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 1:3

_ _ Who being — by pre-existent and essential being.

_ _ brightness of his gloryGreek, the effulgence of His glory. “Light of (from) light” [Nicene Creed]. “Who is so senseless as to doubt concerning the eternal being of the Son? For when has one seen light without effulgence?” [Athanasius, Against Arius, Orations, 2]. “The sun is never seen without effulgence, nor the Father without the Son” [Theophylact]. It is because He is the brightness, etc., and because He upholds, etc., that He sat down on the right hand, etc. It was a return to His divine glory (John 6:62; John 17:5; compare Wisdom of Solomon 7:25, 26, where similar things are said of wisdom).

_ _ express image — “impress.” But veiled in the flesh.

The Sun of God in glory beams
_ _ Too bright for us to scan;
But we can face the light that streams
_ _ For the mild Son of man.

_ _ (2 Corinthians 3:18).

_ _ of his personGreek, “of His substantial essence”; “hypostasis.

_ _ upholding all thingsGreek,the universe.” Compare Colossians 1:15, Colossians 1:17, Colossians 1:20, which enumerates the three facts in the same order as here.

_ _ by the word — Therefore the Son of God is a Person; for He has the word [Bengel]. His word is God’s word (Hebrews 11:3).

_ _ of his power — “The word” is the utterance which comes from His (the Son’s) power, and gives expression to it.

_ _ by himself — omitted in the oldest manuscripts.

_ _ purgedGreek,made purification of ... sins,” namely, in His atonement, which graciously covers the guilt of sin. “Our” is omitted in the oldest manuscripts. Sin was the great uncleanness in God’s sight, of which He has effected the purgation by His sacrifice [Alford]. Our nature, as guilt-laden, could not, without our great High Priest’s blood of atonement sprinkling the heavenly mercy seat, come into immediate contact with God. Ebrard says, “The mediation between man and God, who was present in the Most Holy Place, was revealed in three forms: (1) In sacrifices (typical propitiations for guilt); (2) In the priesthood (the agents of those sacrifices); (3) In the Levitical laws of purity (Levitical purity being attained by sacrifice positively, by avoidance of Levitical pollution negatively, the people being thus enabled to come into the presence of God without dying, Deuteronomy 5:26)” (Leviticus 16:1-34).

_ _ sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high — fulfilling Psalms 110:1. This sitting of the Son at God’s fight hand was by the act of the Father (Hebrews 8:1; Ephesians 1:20); it is never used of His pre-existing state co-equal with the Father, but always of His exalted state as Son of man after His sufferings, and as Mediator for man in the presence of God (Romans 8:34): a relation towards God and us about to come to an end when its object has been accomplished (1 Corinthians 15:28).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 1:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 1:3

Who sat down — The third of these glorious predicates, with which three other particulars are interwoven, which are mentioned likewise, and in the same order, Colossians 1:15, Colossians 1:17, Colossians 1:20. Who, being — The glory which he received in his exaltation at the right hand of the Father no angel was capable of; but the Son alone, who likewise enjoyed it long before. The brightness of his glory — Glory is the nature of God revealed in its brightness. The express image — Or stamp. Whatever the Father is, is exhibited in the Son, as a seal in the stamp on wax. Of his person — Or substance. The word denotes the unchangeable perpetuity of divine life and power. And sustaining all things — Visible and invisible, in being. By the word of his power — That is, by his powerful word. When he had by himself — Without any Mosaic rites or ceremonies. Purged our sins — In order to which it was necessary he should for a time divest himself of his glory. In this chapter St. Paul describes his glory chiefly as he is the Son of God; afterwards, Hebrews 2:6, &c., the glory of the man Christ Jesus. He speaks, indeed, briefly of the former before his humiliation, but copiously after his exaltation; as from hence the glory he had from eternity began to be evidently seen. Both his purging our sins, and sitting on the right hand of God, are largely treated of in the seven following chapters. Sat down — The priests stood while they ministered: sitting, therefore, denotes the consummation of his sacrifice. This word, sat down, contains the scope, the theme, and the sum, of the epistle.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 1:3

Who being the (e) brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his (f) person, and (g) upholding all things by the word of his power, (3) when he had by himself purged our sins, (h) sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

(e) He in whom the glory and majesty of the Father shines, who is otherwise infinite, and cannot be under obligation.

(f) His Father's person.

(g) Sustains, defends and cherishes. (3) The third part of the same proposition: The same Son executed the office of the High Priest in offering up himself, and is our only and most mighty Mediator in heaven.

(h) This shows that the savour of that his sacrifice is not only most acceptable to the Father, but also is everlasting, and furthermore how far this High Priest surpasses all the other high priests.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the brightness:

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 14:9-10 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou [then], Shew us the Father? ... Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

image:

2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
Colossians 1:15-16 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: ... For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:

upholding:

Psalms 75:3 The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.
John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
Colossians 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Revelation 4:11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

the word:

Ecclesiastes 8:4 Where the word of a king [is, there is] power: and who may say unto him, What doest thou?
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.

by himself:

Hebrews 7:27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.
Hebrews 9:12-14 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption [for us]. ... How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Hebrews 9:16 For where a testament [is], there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
Hebrews 9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
1 John 3:5 And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.

sat:

Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast [our] profession.
Hebrews 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken [this is] the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;
Hebrews 10:12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Psalms 110:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Matthew 22:24 Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
Mark 16:19 So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
Luke 20:42-43 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, ... Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
Acts 7:56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.
Romans 8:34 Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
Ephesians 1:20-22 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places], ... And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,
Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.
Revelation 3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

Majesty:

1 Chronicles 29:11 Thine, O LORD, [is] the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all [that is] in the heaven and in the earth [is thine]; thine [is] the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.
Job 37:22 Fair weather cometh out of the north: with God [is] terrible majesty.
Micah 5:4 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.
2 Peter 1:16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.
Jude 1:25 To the only wise God our Saviour, [be] glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.
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1Ch 29:11. Jb 37:22. Ps 75:3; 110:1. Ec 8:4. Mi 5:4. Mt 22:24. Mk 16:19. Lk 20:42. Jn 1:4, 14, 29; 14:9. Ac 2:33; 7:56. Ro 1:16; 8:34. 2Co 4:4, 6, 7. Ep 1:20. Col 1:15, 17; 3:1. He 4:14; 7:27; 8:1; 9:12, 16, 26; 10:12; 12:2. 1P 1:21; 3:22. 2P 1:16. 1Jn 1:7; 3:5. Jde 1:25. Rv 3:21; 4:11.

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The Express Image (CHARAKTER- Greek word) of HIS FATHER.

The VERY WORD OF THE FATHER reflects The Very Source (The HEART OF THE FATHER) from (apo) Whom HE (YAHOSHUA) is SPOKEN FORTH.
("so shall MY WORD BE THAT GOETH FORTH OUT OF MY MOUTH" Isaiah 55:11) ("and it (THE WORD OF THE FATHER) shall be to THE LORD for NAME (shem-Hebrew word for Character), for an Everlasting Sign that shall not be cut off" Isaiah 55:13).

See also John 14:8,9

Philip saith unto Him, LORD, shew us The FATHER, and it sufficeth us. YAHOSHUA saith unto him, "have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen The FATHER, and how sayest thou then, Shew us The FATHER?

John 1:14 "and THE WORD was made Flesh and Dwelt among us, (and we Beheld His Glory, The Glory as of The Only (monogenes) Begotten of The FATHER), full of Grace and Truth. AMEN ! ! !
- Chuck (4/6/2016 11:11:29 AM)
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