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Hebrews 1:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to do service for the sake of them that shall inherit salvation?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall inherit salvation?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out for service on account of those who shall inherit salvation?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Are they not, all, spirits, doing public service,—for ministry, sent forth, for the sake of them who are about to inherit salvation?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— are they not all spirits of service—for ministration being sent forth because of those about to inherit salvation?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Are they not all ministering spirits, sent to minister for them who shall receive the inheritance of salvation?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Are they not all ministring spirits, sent foorth to minister for them, who shall be heires of saluation?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Are not all they spirits of ministration, who (are) sent forth in service on behalf of those who are hereafter to inherit salvation?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Are they not all spirits of ministration, who are sent to minister on account of them that are to inherit life?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Are x1526
(1526) Complement
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
they y1526
[1526] Standard
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
not 3780
{3780} Prime
οὐχί
ouchi
{oo-khee'}
Intensive of G3756; not indeed.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
ministering 3010
{3010} Prime
λειτουργικός
leitourgikos
{li-toorg-ik-os'}
From the same as G3008; functional publicly ('liturgic'), that is, beneficent.
spirits, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
sent forth 649
{0649} Prime
ἀποστέλλω
apostello
{ap-os-tel'-lo}
From G0575 and G4724; set apart, that is, (by implication) to send out (properly on a mission) literally or figuratively.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
minister 1248
{1248} Prime
διακονία
diakonia
{dee-ak-on-ee'-ah}
From G1249; attendance (as a servant, etc.); figuratively (eleemosynary) aid, (official) service (especially of the Christian teacher, or technically of the diaconate).
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
them who shall y3195
[3195] Standard
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
be x3195
(3195) Complement
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
heirs x2816
(2816) Complement
κληρονομέω
kleronomeo
{klay-ron-om-eh'-o}
From G2818; to be an heir to (literally or figuratively).
of y2816
[2816] Standard
κληρονομέω
kleronomeo
{klay-ron-om-eh'-o}
From G2818; to be an heir to (literally or figuratively).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
salvation? 4991
{4991} Prime
σωτηρία
soteria
{so-tay-ree'-ah}
Feminine of a derivative of G4990 as (properly abstract) noun; rescue or safety (physically or morally).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 1:14

_ _ ministering spirits — referring to Hebrews 1:7, “spirits ... ministers.” They are incorporeal spirits, as God is, but ministering to Him as inferiors.

_ _ sent forth — present participle: “being sent forth” continually, as their regular service in all ages.

_ _ to ministerGreek, “unto (that is, ‘for’) ministry.”

_ _ for themGreek,on account of the.” Angels are sent forth on ministrations to God and Christ, not primarily to men, though for the good of “those who are about to inherit salvation” (so the Greek): the elect, who believe, or shall believe, for whom all things, angels included, work together for good (Romans 8:28). Angels’ ministrations are not properly rendered to men, since the latter have no power of commanding them, though their ministrations to God are often directed to the good of men. So the superiority of the Son of God to angels is shown. They “all,” how ever various their ranks, “minister”; He is ministered to. They “stand” (Luke 1:19) before God, or are “sent forth” to execute the divine commands on behalf of them whom He pleases to save; He “sits on the right hand of the Majesty on high” (Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 1:13). He rules; they serve.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 1:14

Are they not all — Though of various orders. Ministering spirits, sent forth — Ministering before God, sent forth to men. To attend on them — In numerous offices of protection, care, and kindness. Who — Having patiently continued in welldoing, shall inherit everlasting salvation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 1:14

Are they not all (x) ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

(x) By that name by which we commonly call princes messengers, he here calls the spirits.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ministering:

Hebrews 8:6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Hebrews 10:11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
Psalms 103:20-21 Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word. ... Bless ye the LORD, all [ye] his hosts; [ye] ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
Daniel 3:28 [Then] Nebuchadnezzar spake, and said, Blessed [be] the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have changed the king's word, and yielded their bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their own God.
Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Matthew 18:10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.
Luke 1:19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings.
Luke 1:23 And it came to pass, that, as soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished, he departed to his own house.
Luke 2:9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.
Luke 2:13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,
Acts 13:2 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.
Romans 13:6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.
Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
Romans 15:27 It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.
2 Corinthians 9:12 For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want of the saints, but is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto God;
Philippians 2:17 Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.
Philippians 2:25 Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants.
*Gr:
1 Kings 22:19 And he said, Hear thou therefore the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.
Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.
Psalms 103:20-21 Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word. ... Bless ye the LORD, all [ye] his hosts; [ye] ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
Psalms 104:4 Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
Isaiah 6:2-3 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. ... And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory.
Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Matthew 13:41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;
Matthew 13:49-50 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, ... And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
Luke 1:19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings.
2 Thessalonians 1:7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,
Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

sent:

Genesis 19:15-16 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. ... And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.
Genesis 32:1-2 And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. ... And when Jacob saw them, he said, This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.
Genesis 32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.
Acts 11:22 Then tidings of these things came unto the ears of the church which was in Jerusalem: and they sent forth Barnabas, that he should go as far as Antioch.
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
Revelation 5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.

minister:

Psalms 34:7 The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
Psalms 91:11-12 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. ... They shall bear thee up in [their] hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Daniel 6:22 My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions' mouths, that they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him innocency was found in me; and also before thee, O king, have I done no hurt.
Daniel 9:21-23 Yea, whiles I [was] speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. ... At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew [thee]; for thou [art] greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
Daniel 10:11-12 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling. ... Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words.
Matthew 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
Matthew 2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
Matthew 24:31 And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Luke 16:22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;
Acts 5:19 But the angel of the Lord by night opened the prison doors, and brought them forth, and said,
Acts 10:3-4 He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius. ... And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.
Acts 12:7 And, behold, the angel of the Lord came upon [him], and a light shined in the prison: and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly. And his chains fell off from [his] hands.
Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.
Acts 16:26 And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.
Acts 27:23 For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,

heirs:

Hebrews 6:12 That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
Hebrews 6:17 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed [it] by an oath:
Matthew 25:34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
Romans 8:17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.
Galatians 3:7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.
Galatians 3:9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.
Galatians 3:29 And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
Ephesians 3:6 That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:
Titus 3:7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
1 Peter 1:4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with [them] according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.
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Gn 19:15; 32:1, 24. 1K 22:19. Jb 1:6. Ps 34:7; 91:11; 103:20; 104:4. Is 6:2. Dn 3:28; 6:22; 7:10; 9:21; 10:11. Mt 1:20; 2:13; 13:41, 49; 18:10; 24:31; 25:34. Lk 1:19, 23; 2:9, 13; 16:22. Ac 5:19; 10:3; 11:22; 12:7, 23; 13:2; 16:26; 27:23. Ro 8:17; 13:6; 15:16, 27. 2Co 9:12. Ga 3:7, 9, 29. Ep 3:6. Php 2:17, 25. 2Th 1:7. Tit 3:7. He 6:12, 17; 8:6; 10:11. Jm 2:5. 1P 1:4, 12; 3:7. Jde 1:14. Rv 5:6.

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