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Hebrews 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning didst lay the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the works of thy hands:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And, “YOU, LORD, IN THE BEGINNING LAID THE FOUNDATION OF THE EARTH, AND THE HEAVENS ARE THE WORKS OF YOUR HANDS;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the works of thy hands.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And, *Thou* in the beginning, Lord, hast founded the earth, and works of thy hands are the heavens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and—Thou, by way of beginning, Lord, the earth, didst found, and, the works of thy hands, are the heavens,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and, 'Thou, at the beginning, Lord, the earth didst found, and a work of thy hands are the heavens;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And: Thou in the beginning, O Lord, didst found the earth: and the works of thy hands are the heavens.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And, thou Lord in the beginning hast layed the foundation of the earth: and the heauens are the works of thine hands.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And again, Thou in the beginning hast laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And again, Thou hast from the beginning laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Thou, 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
in 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the beginning 746
{0746} Prime
ἀρχή
arche
{ar-khay'}
From G0756; (properly abstract) a commencement, or (concrete) chief (in various applications of order, time, place or rank).
hast laid the foundation 2311
{2311} Prime
θεμελιόω
themelioo
{them-el-ee-o'-o}
From G2310; to lay a basis for, that is, (literally) erect, or (figuratively) consolidate.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth; 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heavens 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
of thine 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
hands: 5495
{5495} Prime
χείρ
cheir
{khire}
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 1:10

_ _ And — In another passage (Psalms 102:25-27) He says.

_ _ in the beginningEnglish Version, Psalms 102:25, “of old”: Hebrew, “before,” “aforetime.” The Septuagint, “in the beginning” (as in Genesis 1:1) answers by contrast to the end implied in “They shall perish,” etc. The Greek order here (not in the Septuagint) is, “Thou in the beginning, O Lord,” which throws the “Lord” into emphasis. “Christ is preached even in passages where many might contend that the Father was principally intended” [Bengel].

_ _ laid the foundation of — “firmly founded” is included in the idea of the Greek.

_ _ heavens — plural: not merely one, but manifold, and including various orders of heavenly intelligences (Ephesians 4:10).

_ _ works of thine hands — the heavens, as a woven veil or curtain spread out.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 1:10

Thou — The same to whom the discourse is addressed in the preceding verse. Psalms 102:25-26

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hebrews 1:10

(9) And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast (u) laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:

(9) He proves and confirms the dignity of Christ revealed in the flesh, by these six evident testimonies by which it appears that he far surpasses all angels, so much so that he is called both Son, and God in (Hebrews 1:5-8, Hebrews 1:10, Hebrews 1:13).

(u) Made the earth firm and sure.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thou:

Psalms 102:25-27 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands. ... But thou [art] the same, and thy years shall have no end.

in:

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
John 1:1-3 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. ... All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
Revelation 3:14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

hast:

Proverbs 8:29 When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth:
Isaiah 42:5 Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:
Isaiah 48:13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: [when] I call unto them, they stand up together.
Isaiah 51:13 And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where [is] the fury of the oppressor?
Jeremiah 32:17 Ah Lord GOD! behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy great power and stretched out arm, [and] there is nothing too hard for thee:
Zechariah 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.

the works:

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Psalms 8:3-4 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; ... What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?
Psalms 19:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.
Isaiah 64:8 But now, O LORD, thou [art] our father; we [are] the clay, and thou our potter; and we all [are] the work of thy hand.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:1. Dt 4:19. Ps 8:3; 19:1; 102:25. Pv 8:29. Is 42:5; 48:13; 51:13; 64:8. Jr 32:17. Zc 12:1. Jn 1:1. Rv 3:14.

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