A primitive root; to see
, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Perfect (See H8816
Count - 12562
; a tent
conspicuous from a distance).
Perhaps from H3568
, a region of Arabia.
From the same as H8430
; the bottom
); only adverbially below
(often with prepositional prefix underneath
), in lieu of
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant
(hence to exert
oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught
); strictly nothingness
; also trouble
; specifically an idol
] the curtains
; a hanging
of the land
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm
; the earth
(at large, or partitively a land
The same as H4079
, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
A primitive root; to quiver
(with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear).
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811
Count - 19885
_ _ the tents that is, the dwellers.
_ _ Cushan the same as Cush; made “Cush-an” to harmonize with “Midi-an” in the parallel clause. So Lotan is found in the Hebrew of Genesis for Lot. Bochart therefore considers it equivalent to Midian, or a part of Arabia. So in Numbers 12:1, Moses’ Midianite wife is called an Ethiopian (Hebrew, Cushite). Maurer thinks the dwellers on both sides of the Arabian Gulf, or Red Sea, are meant; for in Habakkuk 3:6 God’s everlasting or ancient ways of delivering His people are mentioned; and in Habakkuk 3:8, the dividing of the Red Sea for them. Compare Miriam’s song as to the fear of Israel’s foes far and near caused thereby (Exodus 15:14-16). Hebrew expositors refer it to Chushan-rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, or Syria, the first oppressor of Israel (Judges 3:8, Judges 3:10), from whom Othniel delivered them. Thus the second hemistich of the verse will refer to the deliverance of Israel from Midian by Gideon (Judges 6:1-7:25) to which Habakkuk 3:11 plainly refers. Whichever of these views be correct, the general reference is to God’s interpositions against Israel’s foes of old.
_ _ in affliction rather, “under affliction” (regarded) as a heavy burden. Literally, “vanity” or “iniquity,” hence the punishment of it (compare Numbers 25:17, Numbers 25:18).
_ _ curtains the coverings of their tents; the shifting habitations of the nomad tribes, which resembled the modern Bedouins.
_ _ tremble namely, at Jehovah’s terrible interposition for Israel against them.
The tents The people that dwelt in them. Arabia Near whose borders Israel marched. In affliction In fear and pain, lest that mighty people should fall on them. The curtains Those that dwelt within them; these people dwelt in tents, which were made up on the sides with curtains.
(g) I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: [and] the curtains of the land of Midian trembled.
(g) The iniquity of the king of Syria in vexing your people was made manifest by your judgment, to the comfort of your Church, (Judges 5:10), and also of the Midianites, who destroyed themselves, (Judges 7:22).
- saw the:
Exodus 15:14-16 The people shall hear, [and] be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina. ... Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be [as] still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, [which] thou hast purchased.
Numbers 22:3-4 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they [were] many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel. ... And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all [that are] round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor [was] king of the Moabites at that time.
Joshua 2:10 For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that [were] on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed.
Joshua 9:24 And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing.
- or, Ethiopia,
Genesis 10:6-7 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. ... And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
- in affliction:
- or, under affliction, or vanity
Genesis 25:1-4 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name [was] Keturah. ... And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these [were] the children of Keturah.
Numbers 31:2-12 Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people. ... And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab, which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.
Psalms 83:5-10 For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: ... [Which] perished at Endor: they became [as] dung for the earth.
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