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Habakkuk 3:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction; The curtains of the land of Midian did tremble.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: [and] the curtains of the land of Midian did tremble.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I saw the tents of Cushan under distress, The tent curtains of the land of Midian were trembling.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: [and] the curtains of the land of Midian trembled.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction; The curtains of the land of Midian did tremble.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Under distress, saw I the tents of Ethiopia,—tremble, do the curtains of the land of Midian.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Under sorrow I have seen tents of Cushan, Tremble do curtains of the land of Midian.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I saw the tents of Ethiopia for their iniquity, the curtains of the land of Madian shall be troubled.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: [and] the curtaines of the land of Midian did tremble.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Because of troubles I looked upon the tents of the Ethiopians: the tabernacles also of the land of Midian{gr.Madiam} shall be dismayed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I saw the tents of Kushan in affliction: [and] the curtains of the land of Midyan did tremble.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the tents 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
of Cn כּוּשָׁן 3572
{3572} Prime
כּוּשָׁן
Kuwshan
{koo-shawn'}
Perhaps from H3568; Cushan, a region of Arabia.
in x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
affliction: 205
{0205} Prime
אָוֶן
'aven
{aw-ven'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
[and] the curtains 3407
{3407} Prime
יְרִיעָה
y@riy`ah
{yer-ee-aw'}
From H3415; a hanging (as tremulous).
of the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of Miyn מִדיָן 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
did tremble. 7264
{7264} Prime
רָגַז
ragaz
{raw-gaz'}
A primitive root; to quiver (with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Habakkuk 3:7

_ _ the tents — that is, the dwellers.

_ _ Cushan — the same as Cush; made “Cush-an” to harmonize with “Midi-an” in the parallel clause. So Lotan is found in the Hebrew of Genesis for Lot. Bochart therefore considers it equivalent to Midian, or a part of Arabia. So in Numbers 12:1, Moses’ Midianite wife is called an Ethiopian (Hebrew, Cushite). Maurer thinks the dwellers on both sides of the Arabian Gulf, or Red Sea, are meant; for in Habakkuk 3:6 God’s everlasting or ancient ways of delivering His people are mentioned; and in Habakkuk 3:8, the dividing of the Red Sea for them. Compare Miriam’s song as to the fear of Israel’s foes far and near caused thereby (Exodus 15:14-16). Hebrew expositors refer it to Chushan-rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, or Syria, the first oppressor of Israel (Judges 3:8, Judges 3:10), from whom Othniel delivered them. Thus the second hemistich of the verse will refer to the deliverance of Israel from Midian by Gideon (Judges 6:1-7:25) to which Habakkuk 3:11 plainly refers. Whichever of these views be correct, the general reference is to God’s interpositions against Israel’s foes of old.

_ _ in affliction — rather, “under affliction” (regarded) as a heavy burden. Literally, “vanity” or “iniquity,” hence the punishment of it (compare Numbers 25:17, Numbers 25:18).

_ _ curtains — the coverings of their tents; the shifting habitations of the nomad tribes, which resembled the modern Bedouins.

_ _ tremble — namely, at Jehovah’s terrible interposition for Israel against them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Habakkuk 3:3-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Habakkuk 3:7

The tents — The people that dwelt in them. Arabia — Near whose borders Israel marched. In affliction — In fear and pain, lest that mighty people should fall on them. The curtains — Those that dwelt within them; these people dwelt in tents, which were made up on the sides with curtains.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Habakkuk 3:7

(g) I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: [and] the curtains of the land of Midian trembled.

(g) The iniquity of the king of Syria in vexing your people was made manifest by your judgment, to the comfort of your Church, (Judges 5:10), and also of the Midianites, who destroyed themselves, (Judges 7:22).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
saw the:

Exodus 15:14-16 The people shall hear, [and] be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina. ... Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be [as] still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, [which] thou hast purchased.
Numbers 22:3-4 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they [were] many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel. ... And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all [that are] round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor [was] king of the Moabites at that time.
Joshua 2:10 For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that [were] on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed.
Joshua 9:24 And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing.

Cushan:
or, Ethiopia,
Genesis 10:6-7 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. ... And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

in affliction:
or, under affliction, or vanity

Midian:

Genesis 25:1-4 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name [was] Keturah. ... And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these [were] the children of Keturah.
Numbers 31:2-12 Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people. ... And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab, which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.
Psalms 83:5-10 For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: ... [Which] perished at Endor: they became [as] dung for the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:6; 25:1. Ex 15:14. Nu 22:3; 31:2. Jsh 2:10; 9:24. Ps 83:5.

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