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Habakkuk 3:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He stood, and measured the earth; He beheld, and drove asunder the nations; And the eternal mountains were scattered; The everlasting hills did bow; His goings were [as] of old.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways [are] everlasting.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He stood and surveyed the earth; He looked and startled the nations. Yes, the perpetual mountains were shattered, The ancient hills collapsed. His ways are everlasting.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways [are] everlasting.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He stood, and measured the earth; He beheld, and discomfited the nations; And the eternal mountains were scattered, The everlasting hills gave way: His ways are everlasting.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He hath stood and measured the earth, he hath looked, and caused nations to tremble, and, scattered as dust, are the perpetual mountains, and, sunk, are the age-abiding hills,—Forthgoings age-abiding, are his.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He hath stood, and He measureth earth, He hath seen, and He shaketh off nations, And scatter themselves do mountains of antiquity, Bowed have the hills of old, The ways of old [are] His.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He stood and measured the earth. He beheld, and melted the nations: and the ancient mountains were crushed to pieces. The hills of the world were bowed down by the journeys of his eternity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He stood and measured the earth: hee beheld and droue asunder the nations, and the euerlasting mountaines were scattered, the perpetuall hilles did bowe: his wayes [are] euerlasting.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— the earth stood at his feet and trembled: he beheld, and the nations melted away: the mountains were violently burst through, the everlasting hills melted at his everlasting going forth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways [are] everlasting.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He stood, 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and measured 4128
{4128} Prime
מוּד
muwd
{mood}
A primitive root; to shake.
z8787
<8787> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 72
the earth: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
he beheld, 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and drove asunder 5425
{5425} Prime
נָתַר
nathar
{naw-thar'}
A primitive root; to jump, that is, be violently agitated; causatively, to terrify, shake off, untie.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the nations; 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
and the everlasting 5703
{5703} Prime
עַד
`ad
{ad}
From H5710; properly a (peremptory) terminus, that is, (by implication) duration, in the sense of perpetuity (substantially as a noun, either with or without a preposition).
mountains 2042
{2042} Prime
הָרָר
harar
{haw-rawr'}
From an unused root meaning to loom up; a mountain.
were scattered, 6327
{6327} Prime
פּוּץ
puwts
{poots}
A primitive root; to dash in pieces, literally or figuratively (especially to disperse).
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
the perpetual 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
hills 1389
{1389} Prime
גִּבְעָה
gib`ah
{ghib-aw'}
Feminine from the same as H1387; a hillock.
did bow: 7817
{7817} Prime
שָׁחַח
shachach
{shaw-khakh'}
A primitive root; to sink or depress (reflexively or causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his ways 1979
{1979} Prime
הֲלִיכָה
haliykah
{hal-ee-kaw'}
Feminine of H1978; a walking; by implication a procession or march, a caravan.
[are] everlasting. 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Habakkuk 3:6

_ _ He stood, and measured the earth — Jehovah, in His advance, is represented as stopping suddenly, and measuring the earth with His all-seeing glance, whereat there is universal consternation. Maurer, from a different root, translates, “rocked the earth”; which answers better to the parallel “drove asunder”; the Hebrew for which latter, however, may be better translated, “made to tremble.”

_ _ everlasting mountains — which have ever been remembered as retaining the same place and form from the foundation of the world.

_ _ did bow — as it were, in reverent submission.

_ _ his ways are everlasting — His marvelous ways of working for the salvation of His people mark His everlasting character: such as He was in His workings for them formerly, such shall He be now.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Habakkuk 3:3-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Habakkuk 3:6

He stood — Gave his presence with Joshua, as one that stood by while the work was done. The land — The promised land. He beheld — Looked with a frowning countenance. Drove asunder — Cast them out, his eye did this, for he looked on them, and did this. His ways — The wisdom, goodness, justice, holiness, and power of God, which he shews in governing his people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Habakkuk 3:6

He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his (f) ways [are] everlasting.

(f) Signifying that God has wonderful means, and always has a marvellous power when he will deliver his Church.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and measured:

Exodus 15:17 Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, [in] the place, O LORD, [which] thou hast made for thee to dwell in, [in] the Sanctuary, O Lord, [which] thy hands have established.
Exodus 21:31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.
Numbers 34:1-29 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... These [are they] whom the LORD commanded to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel in the land of Canaan.
Deuteronomy 32:8 When the most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel.
Acts 17:26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;

and drove:

Joshua 10:42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.
Joshua 11:18-23 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. ... So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war.
Nehemiah 9:22-24 Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. ... So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would.
Psalms 135:8-12 Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast. ... And gave their land [for] an heritage, an heritage unto Israel his people.

the everlasting:

Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.
Genesis 49:26 The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren.
Deuteronomy 33:15 And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills,
Judges 5:5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, [even] that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
Psalms 68:16 Why leap ye, ye high hills? [this is] the hill [which] God desireth to dwell in; yea, the LORD will dwell [in it] for ever.
Psalms 114:4-7 The mountains skipped like rams, [and] the little hills like lambs. ... Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;
Isaiah 64:1-3 Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence, ... When thou didst terrible things [which] we looked not for, thou camest down, the mountains flowed down at thy presence.
Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein.
Zechariah 14:4-5 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which [is] before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, [and there shall be] a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. ... And ye shall flee [to] the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, [and] all the saints with thee.

his:

Psalms 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou [art] God.
Psalms 103:17 But the mercy of the LORD [is] from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children;
Isaiah 51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation.
Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.
Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
Luke 1:50 And his mercy [is] on them that fear him from generation to generation.
Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:26. Ex 15:17; 21:31. Nu 34:1. Dt 32:8; 33:15. Jsh 10:42; 11:18. Jg 5:5. Ne 9:22. Ps 68:16; 90:2; 103:17; 114:4; 135:8. Is 51:6, 8; 64:1. Mi 5:8. Na 1:5. Hab 3:10. Zc 14:4. Mt 24:35. Lk 1:50. Ac 17:26. He 13:8.

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