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Habakkuk 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And [his] brightness was as the light; He had rays [coming forth] from his hand; And there was the hiding of his power.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [his] brightness was as the light; he had horns [coming] out of his hand: and there [was] the hiding of his power.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [His] radiance is like the sunlight; He has rays [flashing] from His hand, And there is the hiding of His power.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [his] brightness was as the light; he had horns [coming] out of his hand; and there [was] the hiding of his power.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And [his] brightness was as the light; Rays [came forth] from his hand; And there was the hiding of his power.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, a brightness, as light, appeareth, Rays, out of his hand, hath he,—and, there, is the hiding of his power.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the brightness is as the light, He hath rays out of His hand, And there—the hiding of His strength.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— His brightness shall be as the light: horns are in his hands: There is his strength hid:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And [his] brightnesse was as the light: he [had] hornes [comming] out of his hand, and there was the hiding of his power:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— His excellence covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise. And his brightness shall be as light; [there were] horns in his hands, and he caused a mighty love of his strength.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And [his] brightness was as the light; he had horns [coming] out of his hand: and there [was] the hiding of his power.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And [his] brightness 5051
{5051} Prime
נֹגַהּ
nogahh
{no'-gah}
From H5050; brilliancy (literally or figuratively).
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as the light; 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
he had horns 7161
{7161} Prime
קֶרֶן
qeren
{keh'-ren}
From H7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication a flask, cornet; by resemblance an elephant's tooth (that is, ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively power.
[coming] out of his hand: 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
[was] the hiding 2253
{2253} Prime
חֶבְיוֹן
chebyown
{kheb-yone'}
From H2247; a concealment.
of his power. 5797
{5797} Prime
עֹז
`oz
{oze}
From H5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Habakkuk 3:4

_ _ as the light — namely, of the sun (Job 37:21; Proverbs 4:18).

_ _ horns — the emblem of power wielded by “His hand” [Ludovicus De Dieu]. “Rays” emanating from “His hand,” compared by the Arabs to the horns of the gazelle (compare “hind of the morning,” Psalms 22:1, title, Margin). The Hebrew verb for to “emit rays,” is from the root meaning “horns” (Exodus 34:29, Exodus 34:30, Exodus 34:35) [Grotius]. The rays are His lightnings (Psalms 18:8), [Maurer].

_ _ therein that “brightness.” In it, notwithstanding its brilliancy, there was but the veil “(the hiding) of His power.” Even “light,” God’s “garment,” covers, instead of revealing fully, His surpassing glory (Psalms 104:2) [Henderson]. Or, on Mount Sinai [Drusius]. (Compare Exodus 24:17). The Septuagint and Syriac versions read for “there,” He made a hiding, etc.; He hid Himself with clouds. English Version is better, which Calvin explains, there is said to be “a hiding of God’s power,” because God did not reveal it indiscriminately to all, but specially to His people (Psalms 31:20). The contrast seems to me to be between the “horns” or emanations out of His power (“hand”), and that “power” itself. The latter was hidden, whereas the “horns” or emanations alone were manifested. If the mere scintillations were so awfully overwhelming, how much more so the hidden power itself! This was especially true of His manifestation at Sinai (Psalms 18:11; compare Isaiah 45:15, Isaiah 45:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Habakkuk 3:3-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Habakkuk 3:4

As the light — Pure, clear as the sun, but much more dazzling. His hand — The face of Moses shined; the face, yea, hands of our God, shine with glorious light. There — In that light wherewith he appeared. The hiding — Which discovered much of it, but hid much more; it was light inaccessible.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Habakkuk 3:4

And [his] brightness was as the light; (e) he had horns [coming] out of his hand: and there [was] the hiding of his power.

(e) By which is meant a power that was joined with his brightness, which was hidden to the rest of the world, but was revealed at Mount Sinai to his people; (Psalms 31:16).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
brightness:

Exodus 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:
Exodus 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness [to them], but it gave light by night [to these]: so that the one came not near the other all the night.
Nehemiah 9:12 Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
Psalms 104:2 Who coverest [thyself] with light as [with] a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
Isaiah 60:19-20 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory. ... Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
Matthew 17:2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.
Revelation 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

horns coming out of his hand:
or, bright beams out of his side

the hiding:

Job 26:14 Lo, these [are] parts of his ways: but how little a portion is heard of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?
Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD [is] a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 13:21; 14:20. Ne 9:12. Jb 26:14. Ps 104:2. Pv 18:10. Is 60:19. Mt 17:2. 1Ti 6:16. Rv 21:23; 22:5.

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