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Habakkuk 3:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou didst pierce with his own staves the head of his warriors: They came as a whirlwind to scatter me; Their rejoicing was as to devour the poor secretly.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou didst strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing [was] as to devour the poor secretly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You pierced with his own spears The head of his throngs. They stormed in to scatter us; Their exultation [was] like those Who devour the oppressed in secret.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou didst strike through with his staffs the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing [was] as to devour the poor secretly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou didst strike through with his own spears the head of his leaders: They came out as a whirlwind to scatter me, Whose exulting was as to devour the afflicted secretly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou hast pierced, with his own staves, the head of his chiefs, they storm along, to scatter me,—their exultant thought, is, in very deed, to devour the oppressed one, in a secret place!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thou hast pierced with his staves the head of his leaders, They are tempestuous to scatter me, Their exultation [is] as to consume the poor in secret.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast cursed his sceptres, the head of his warriors, them that came out as a whirlwind to scatter me. Their joy was like that of him that devoureth the poor man in secret.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou didst strike through with his staues the head of his villages: they came out as a whirle-winde to scatter me: their reioycing [was] as to deuoure the poore secretly.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou didst cut asunder the heads of princes with amazement, they shall tremble in it; they shall burst their bridles, [they shall be] as a poor man devouring in secret.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou didst strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing [was] as to devour the poor secretly.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou didst strike through 5344
{5344} Prime
נָקַב
naqab
{naw-kab'}
A primitive root; to puncture, literally (to perforate, with more or less violence) or figuratively (to specify, designate, libel).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with his staves 4294
{4294} Prime
מַטֶּה
matteh
{mat-teh'}
From H5186; a branch (as extending); figuratively a tribe; also a rod, whether for chastising (figuratively correction), ruling (a sceptre), throwing (a lance), or walking (a staff; figuratively a support of life, for example bread).
the head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of his villages: 6518
{6518} Prime
פָּרָז
paraz
{paw-rawz'}
From an unused root meaning to separate, that is, decide; a chieftain.
they came out as a whirlwind 5590
{5590} Prime
סָעַר
ca`ar
{saw-ar'}
A primitive root; to rush upon; by implication to toss (transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to scatter 6327
{6327} Prime
פּוּץ
puwts
{poots}
A primitive root; to dash in pieces, literally or figuratively (especially to disperse).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
me: their rejoicing 5951
{5951} Prime
עֲלִיצוּת
`aliytsuwth
{al-ee-tsooth'}
From H5970; exultation.
[was] as x3644
(3644) Complement
כְמוֹ
k@mow
{kem-o'}
A form of the prefix K, but used separately (compare H3651); as, thus, so.
to devour 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the poor 6041
{6041} Prime
עָנִי
`aniy
{aw-nee'}
From H6031; depressed, in mind or circumstances (practically the same as H6035 subjectively and H6041 objectively).
secretly. 4565
{4565} Prime
מִסְתָּר
mictar
{mis-tawr'}
From H5641; properly a concealer, that is, a covert.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Habakkuk 3:14

_ _ strike ... with his staves — with the “wicked” (Habakkuk 3:13) foe’s own sword (Maurer translates, “spears”) (Judges 7:22).

_ _ head of his villages — Not only kings were overthrown by God’s hand, but His vengeance passed through the foe’s villages and dependencies. A just retribution, as the foe had made “the inhabitants of Israel’s villages to cease” (Judges 5:7). Grotius translates, “of his warriors”; Gesenius, “the chief of his captains.”

_ _ to scatter meIsrael, with whom Habakkuk identifies himself (compare Habakkuk 1:12).

_ _ rejoicing ... to devour the poor secretly — “The poor” means the Israelites, for whom in their helpless state the foe lurks in his lair, like a wild beast, to pounce on and devour (Psalms 10:9; Psalms 17:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Habakkuk 3:3-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Habakkuk 3:14

Villages — All the cities and all the unwalled towns. They — The inhabitants of Canaan. As a whirlwind — With violence invading me on every side. To scatter — To disperse and drive away the Israelites. Their rejoicing — They rejoiced in full confidence of swallowing up Israel unawares.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Habakkuk 3:14

Thou didst (s) strike through with his staffs the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing [was] as to devour the poor secretly.

(s) God destroyed his enemies both great and small with their own weapons, though they were ever so fierce against his Church.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the head:

Exodus 11:4-7 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: ... But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.
Exodus 12:12-13 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I [am] the LORD. ... And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye [are]: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy [you], when I smite the land of Egypt.
Exodus 12:29-30 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that [was] in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. ... And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for [there was] not a house where [there was] not one dead.
Exodus 14:17-18 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. ... And the Egyptians shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.
Psalms 78:50-51 He made a way to his anger; he spared not their soul from death, but gave their life over to the pestilence; ... And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of [their] strength in the tabernacles of Ham:
Psalms 83:9-11 Do unto them as [unto] the Midianites; as [to] Sisera, as [to] Jabin, at the brook of Kison: ... Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:

they:

Exodus 14:5-9 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us? ... But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses [and] chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.
Exodus 15:9-10 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them. ... Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
Psalms 83:2 For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.
Psalms 83:8 Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.
Psalms 118:10-12 All nations compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD will I destroy them. ... They compassed me about like bees; they are quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
Acts 4:27-28 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, ... For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.

came out:
Heb. were tempestuous,
Daniel 11:40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.
Zechariah 9:14 And the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the Lord GOD shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.

their:

Exodus 1:10-16 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and [so] get them up out of the land. ... And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see [them] upon the stools; if it [be] a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it [be] a daughter, then she shall live.
Exodus 1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Psalms 10:8 He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.
Psalms 64:2-7 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity: ... But God shall shoot at them [with] an arrow; suddenly shall they be wounded.
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Ex 1:10, 22; 11:4; 12:12, 29; 14:5, 17; 15:9. Ps 10:8; 64:2; 78:50; 83:2, 8, 9; 118:10. Dn 11:40. Zc 9:14. Ac 4:27.

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