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Habakkuk 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The mountains saw thee, and were afraid; The tempest of waters passed by; The deep uttered its voice, And lifted up its hands on high.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The mountains saw You [and] quaked; The downpour of waters swept by. The deep uttered forth its voice, It lifted high its hands.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The mountains saw thee, they were in travail: Torrents of waters passed by; The deep uttered its voice, Lifted up its hands on high.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The mountains, have seen thee—they tremble, a downpour of waters, hath passed along,—the roaring deep, hath given forth, his voice, on high—his hand, hath he uplifted.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Seen thee—pained are mountains, An inundation of waters hath passed over, Given forth hath the deep its voice, High its hands it hath lifted up.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The mountains saw thee, and were grieved: the great body of waters passed away. The deep put forth its voice: the deep lifted up its hands.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The mountaines sawe thee, [and] they trembled: the ouerflowing of the water passed by: the deepe vttered his voyce, [and] lift vp his hands on high.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The nations shall see thee and be in pain, [as thou dost] divide the moving waters: the deep uttered her voice, and raised her form on high.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The mountains 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thee, [and] they trembled: 2342
{2342} Prime
חוּל
chuwl
{khool}
A primitive root; properly to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), that is, (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively to wait, to pervert.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the overflowing 2230
{2230} Prime
זֶרֶם
zerem
{zeh'-rem}
From H2229; a gush of water.
of the water 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
passed by: 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the deep 8415
{8415} Prime
תְּהוֹם
t@howm
{teh-home'}
(Usually feminine) from H1949; an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water supply).
uttered 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his voice, 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
[and] lifted up 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his hands 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
on high. 7315
{7315} Prime
רוֹם
rowm
{rome}
From H7311; elevation, that is, (adverbially) aloft.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Habakkuk 3:10

_ _ The mountains — repetition with increased emphasis of some of the tremendous phenomena mentioned in Habakkuk 3:6.

_ _ overflowing of the water passed by — namely, of the Red Sea; and again, of the Jordan. God marked His favor to His people in all the elements, causing every obstacle, whether mountains or waters, which impeded their progress, to “pass away” [Calvin]. Maurer, not so well, translates, “torrents (rains) of water rush down.”

_ _ lifted ... hands on high — namely, its billows lifted on high by the tempest. Personification. As men signify by voice or gesture of hand that they will do what they are commanded, so these parts of nature testified their obedience to God’s will (Exodus 14:22; Joshua 3:16; Psalms 77:17, Psalms 77:18; Psalms 114:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Habakkuk 3:3-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Habakkuk 3:10

Overflowing — The inundation which at that season was wont to be very great in and round Jordan, passed away at the word of God; the waters below flowed, and ran from those above, which stood on a heap to make a path for Israel. The deep — Either the deep channel in which Jordan flowed, or the Red Sea with dreadful roaring parted its waters. Lift up his hands — Its waves which stood on an heap.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Habakkuk 3:10

The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water (n) passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.

(n) He alludes to the Red Sea and Jordan, which gave passage to God's people, and showed signs of their obedience as it were by the lifting up of their hands.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
mountains:

Habakkuk 3:6 He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways [are] everlasting.
Exodus 19:16-18 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled. ... And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.
Judges 5:4-5 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water. ... The mountains melted from before the LORD, [even] that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
Psalms 68:7-8 O God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah: ... The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: [even] Sinai itself [was moved] at the presence of God, the God of Israel.
Psalms 77:18 The voice of thy thunder [was] in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.
Psalms 97:4-5 His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw, and trembled. ... The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
Psalms 114:4 The mountains skipped like rams, [and] the little hills like lambs.
Psalms 114:6 Ye mountains, [that] ye skipped like rams; [and] ye little hills, like lambs?
Isaiah 64:1-2 Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence, ... As [when] the melting fire burneth, the fire causeth the waters to boil, to make thy name known to thine adversaries, [that] the nations may tremble at thy presence!
Jeremiah 4:24 I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.
Micah 1:4 And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, [and] as the waters [that are] poured down a steep place.
Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein.
Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
Revelation 6:14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

the overflowing:

Exodus 14:22-28 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry [ground]: and the waters [were] a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. ... And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, [and] all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.
Joshua 3:15-16 And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest,) ... That the waters which came down from above stood [and] rose up upon an heap very far from the city Adam, that [is] beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, [even] the salt sea, failed, [and] were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.
Joshua 4:18 And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, [and] the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks, as [they did] before.
Joshua 4:23-24 For the LORD your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the LORD your God did to the Red sea, which he dried up from before us, until we were gone over: ... That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the LORD, that it [is] mighty: that ye might fear the LORD your God for ever.
Nehemiah 9:11 And thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters.
Psalms 18:15 Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.
Psalms 66:6 He turned the sea into dry [land]: they went through the flood on foot: there did we rejoice in him.
Psalms 74:13-15 Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters. ... Thou didst cleave the fountain and the flood: thou driedst up mighty rivers.
Psalms 77:16-19 The waters saw thee, O God, the waters saw thee; they were afraid: the depths also were troubled. ... Thy way [is] in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known.
Psalms 114:3-8 The sea saw [it], and fled: Jordan was driven back. ... Which turned the rock [into] a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.
Psalms 136:13-15 To him which divided the Red sea into parts: for his mercy [endureth] for ever: ... But overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red sea: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Isaiah 11:15-16 And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make [men] go over dryshod. ... And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
Isaiah 63:11-13 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, [and] his people, [saying], Where [is] he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his holy Spirit within him? ... That led them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, [that] they should not stumble?
Hebrews 11:29 By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry [land]: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned.
Revelation 16:12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.

the deep:

Psalms 65:13 The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sing.
Psalms 93:3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.
Psalms 96:11-13 Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof. ... Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.
Psalms 98:7-8 Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. ... Let the floods clap [their] hands: let the hills be joyful together
Isaiah 43:20 The beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, [and] rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my chosen.
Isaiah 55:12 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap [their] hands.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 14:22; 19:16. Jsh 3:15; 4:18, 23. Jg 5:4. Ne 9:11. Ps 18:15; 65:13; 66:6; 68:7; 74:13; 77:16, 18; 93:3; 96:11; 97:4; 98:7; 114:3, 4, 6; 136:13. Is 11:15; 43:20; 55:12; 63:11; 64:1. Jr 4:24. Mi 1:4. Na 1:5. Hab 3:6. Mt 27:51. He 11:29. Rv 6:14; 16:12; 20:11.

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