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Habakkuk 2:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, his soul is puffed up, it is not upright in him; but the righteous shall live by his faith.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, his soul [which] is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Behold, as for the proud one, His soul is not right within him; But the righteous will live by his faith.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, his soul [which] is lifted up, is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, his soul is puffed up, it is not upright within him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! as for the conceited one, crooked is his soul within him,—but, one who is righteous, by his faithfulness, shall live.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Lo, a presumptuous one! Not upright is his soul within him, And the righteous by his stedfastness liveth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold, he that is unbelieving, his soul shall not be right in himself: but the just shall live in his faith.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, his soule [which] is lifted vp, is not vpright in him; but the iust shall liue by his faith.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If he should draw back, my soul has no pleasure in him: but the just shall live by my faith.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, his soul [which] is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
his soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
[which] is lifted up 6075
{6075} Prime
עפל
`aphal
{aw-fal'}
A primitive root; to swell; figuratively be elated.
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
is not upright 3474
{3474} Prime
יָשַׁר
yashar
{yaw-shar'}
A primitive root; to be straight or even; figuratively to be (causatively to make) right, pleasant, prosperous.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
in him: but the just 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
shall live 2421
{2421} Prime
חָיַה
chayah
{khaw-yaw'}
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
by his faith. 530
{0530} Prime
אֱמוּנָה
'emuwnah
{em-oo-naw'}
Feminine of H0529; literally firmness; figuratively security; moral fidelity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Habakkuk 2:4

_ _ his soul which is lifted up — the Chaldean’s [Maurer]. The unbelieving Jew’s [Henderson].

_ _ is not upright in him — that is, is not accounted upright in God’s sight; in antithesis to “shall live.” So Hebrews 10:38, which with inspired authority applies the general sense to the particular case which Paul had in view, “If any man draw back (one result of being ‘lifted up’ with overweening arrogancy), my soul shall have no pleasure in him.

_ _ the just shall live by his faith — the Jewish nation, as opposed to the unbelieving Chaldean (compare Habakkuk 2:5, etc.; Habakkuk 1:6, etc.; Habakkuk 1:13) [Maurer]. Henderson’s view is that the believing Jew is meant, as opposed to the unbelieving Jew (compare Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11). The believing Jew, though God’s promise tarry, will wait for it; the unbelieving “draws back,” as Hebrews 10:38 expresses it. The sense, in Maurer’s view, which accords better with the context (Habakkuk 2:5, etc.). is: the Chaldean, though for a time seeming to prosper, yet being lifted up with haughty unbelief (Habakkuk 1:11, Habakkuk 1:16), is not upright; that is, has no right stability of soul resting on God, to ensure permanence of prosperity; hence, though for a time executing God’s judgments, he at last becomes “lifted up” so as to attribute to his own power what is the work of God, and in this sense “draws back” (Hebrews 10:38), becoming thereby a type of all backsliders who thereby incur God’s displeasure; as the believing Jew is of all who wait for God’s promises with patient faith, and so “live” (stand accepted) before God. The Hebrew accents induce Bengel to translate, “he who is just by his faith shall live.” Other manuscripts read the accents as English Version, which agrees better with Hebrew syntax.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Habakkuk 2:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Habakkuk 2:4

Which is lifted up — That proudly contests with the justice and wisdom of the Divine Providence, and provides for his own safety by his own wit. The just — The humble and upright one, who adores the depth of divine providence, and is persuaded of the truth of divine promises. Shall live — Supports himself, by a firm expectation of the deliverance of Zion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Habakkuk 2:4

Behold, (d) his soul [which] is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.

(d) To trust in himself, or in any worldly thing, is never to be at peace: for the only rest is to trust in God by faith; (Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11; Hebrews 10:38).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his:

Job 40:11-12 Cast abroad the rage of thy wrath: and behold every one [that is] proud, and abase him. ... Look on every one [that is] proud, [and] bring him low; and tread down the wicked in their place.
Daniel 4:30 The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?
Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.
Daniel 5:20-23 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him: ... But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath [is], and whose [are] all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:
Luke 18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified [rather] than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.
1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all [of you] be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.

but:

John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.
Galatians 3:11-12 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, [it is] evident: for, The just shall live by faith. ... And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
Hebrews 10:38 Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.
1 John 5:10-12 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. ... He that hath the Son hath life; [and] he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 40:11. Dn 4:30, 37; 5:20. Lk 18:14. Jn 3:36. Ro 1:17. Ga 2:16; 3:11. 2Th 2:4. He 10:38. 1P 5:5. 1Jn 5:10.

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