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Habakkuk 1:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou that art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and that canst not look on perverseness, wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, and holdest thy peace when the wicked swalloweth up the man that is more righteous than he;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity: wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, [and] holdest thy tongue when the wicked devoureth [the man that is] more righteous than he?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Your] eyes are too pure to approve evil, And You can not look on wickedness [with favor]. Why do You look with favor On those who deal treacherously? Why are You silent when the wicked swallow up Those more righteous than they?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity: why lookest thou on them that deal treacherously, [and] keepest silence when the wicked devoureth [the man that is] more righteous than he?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on mischief: wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, [and] keepest silence when the wicked swalloweth up a [man] more righteous than he?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [Thou] whose eyes are too pure to look with approval on wrong, to respect oppression, canst not endure,—Wherefore, shouldst thou respect the treacherous? Be silent, when the lawless, swalloweth up, one more righteous than he?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Purer of eyes than to behold evil, To look on perverseness Thou art not able, Why dost Thou behold the treacherous? Thou keepest silent when the wicked Doth swallow the more righteous than he,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy eyes are too pure to behold evil, and thou canst not look on iniquity. Why lookest thou upon them that do unjust things, and holdest thy peace when the wicked devoureth the man that is more just than himself?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [Thou art] of purer eyes then to beholde euill, and canst not looke on ininquitie: wherefore lookest thou vpon them that deale treacherously, [and] holdest thy tongue when the wicked deuoureth the man that is more righteous then hee?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [His] eye is too pure to behold evil [doings], and to look upon grievous afflictions: wherefore dost thou look upon despisers? wilt thou be silent when the ungodly swallows up the just?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity: wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, [and] holdest thy tongue when the wicked devoureth [the man that is] more righteous than he?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Thou art] of purer 2889
{2889} Prime
טָהוֹר
tahowr
{taw-hore'}
From H2891; pure (in a physical, chemical, ceremonial or moral sense).
eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
than to behold 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
evil, 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
and canst 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
look 5027
{5027} Prime
נָבַט
nabat
{naw-bat'}
A primitive root; to scan, that is, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, favor or care.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
on x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
iniquity: 5999
{5999} Prime
עָמָל
`amal
{aw-mawl'}
From H5998; toil, that is, wearing effort; hence worry, whether of body or mind.
wherefore x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
lookest 5027
{5027} Prime
נָבַט
nabat
{naw-bat'}
A primitive root; to scan, that is, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, favor or care.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
thou upon them that deal treacherously, 898
{0898} Prime
בּגד
bagad
{baw-gad'}
A primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively to act covertly; by implication to pillage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[and] holdest thy tongue 2790
{2790} Prime
חָרַשׁ
charash
{khaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
when the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
devoureth 1104
{1104} Prime
בּלע
bala`
{beh'-lah}
A primitive root; to make away with (specifically by swallowing); generally to destroy.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
[the man that is] more righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
than x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
he?
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Habakkuk 1:13

_ _ purer ... than to behold evil — without being displeased at it.

_ _ canst not look on iniquity — unjust injuries done to Thy people. The prophet checks himself from being carried too far in his expostulatory complaint, by putting before himself honorable sentiments of God.

_ _ them that deal treacherously — the Chaldeans, once allies of the Jews, but now their violent oppressors. Compare “treacherous dealers,” (Isaiah 21:2; Isaiah 24:16). Instead of speaking evil against God, he goes to God Himself for the remedy for his perplexity (Psalms 73:11-17).

_ _ devoureth the man that is more righteous — The Chaldean oppresses the Jew, who with all his faults, is better than his oppressor (compare Ezekiel 16:51, Ezekiel 16:52).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Habakkuk 1:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of:

Job 15:15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Psalms 5:4-5 For thou [art] not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness: neither shall evil dwell with thee. ... The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all workers of iniquity.
Psalms 11:4-7 The LORD [is] in his holy temple, the LORD'S throne [is] in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men. ... For the righteous LORD loveth righteousness; his countenance doth behold the upright.
Psalms 34:15-16 The eyes of the LORD [are] upon the righteous, and his ears [are open] unto their cry. ... The face of the LORD [is] against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.
1 Peter 1:15-16 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; ... Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

iniquity:
or, grievance

wherefore:

Psalms 10:1-2 Why standest thou afar off, O LORD? [why] hidest thou [thyself] in times of trouble? ... The wicked in [his] pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
Psalms 10:15 Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil [man]: seek out his wickedness [till] thou find none.
Psalms 73:3 For I was envious at the foolish, [when] I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
Jeremiah 12:1-2 Righteous [art] thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of [thy] judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? [wherefore] are all they happy that deal very treacherously? ... Thou hast planted them, yea, they have taken root: they grow, yea, they bring forth fruit: thou [art] near in their mouth, and far from their reins.

deal:

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Isaiah 33:1 Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou [wast] not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; [and] when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.

holdest:

Esther 4:14 For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, [then] shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for [such] a time as this?
Psalms 35:22 [This] thou hast seen, O LORD: keep not silence: O Lord, be not far from me.
Psalms 50:3 Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence: a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous round about him.
Psalms 50:21 These [things] hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether [such an one] as thyself: [but] I will reprove thee, and set [them] in order before thine eyes.
Psalms 83:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm of Asaph.]] Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.
Proverbs 31:8-9 Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. ... Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
Isaiah 64:12 Wilt thou refrain thyself for these [things], O LORD? wilt thou hold thy peace, and afflict us very sore?

the wicked:

Habakkuk 1:3-4 Why dost thou shew me iniquity, and cause [me] to behold grievance? for spoiling and violence [are] before me: and there are [that] raise up strife and contention. ... Therefore the law is slacked, and judgment doth never go forth: for the wicked doth compass about the righteous; therefore wrong judgment proceedeth.
2 Samuel 4:11 How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now require his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth?
1 Kings 2:32 And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing [thereof, to wit], Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah.
Psalms 37:12-15 The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. ... Their sword shall enter into their own heart, and their bows shall be broken.
Psalms 37:32-33 The wicked watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to slay him. ... The LORD will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged.
Psalms 56:1-2 [[To the chief Musician upon Jonathelemrechokim, Michtam of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath.]] Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me. ... Mine enemies would daily swallow [me] up: for [they be] many that fight against me, O thou most High.
Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
Acts 3:13-15 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let [him] go. ... And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 4:11. 1K 2:32. Es 4:14. Jb 15:15. Ps 5:4; 10:1, 15; 11:4; 34:15; 35:22; 37:12, 32; 50:3, 21; 56:1; 73:3; 83:1. Pv 31:8. Is 21:2; 33:1; 64:12. Jr 12:1. Hab 1:3. Ac 2:23; 3:13. 1P 1:15.

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