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Genesis 50:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. And the physicians embalmed Israel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then Joseph commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father,—so the physicians embalmed Israel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Joseph commandeth his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father, and the physicians embalm Israel;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Ioseph commanded his seruants the physicians to imbalme his father: and the physicians imbalmed Israel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Joseph commanded his servants the embalmers to embalm his father; and the embalmers embalmed Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yosef commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Yisrael.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
commanded 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his servants 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the physicians 7495
{7495} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to mend (by stitching), that is, (figuratively) to cure.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to embalm 2590
{2590} Prime
חָנוּט
chanat
{khaw-nat'}
A primitive root; to spice; by implication to embalm; also to ripen.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his father: 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
and the physicians 7495
{7495} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to mend (by stitching), that is, (figuratively) to cure.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
embalmed 2590
{2590} Prime
חָנוּט
chanat
{khaw-nat'}
A primitive root; to spice; by implication to embalm; also to ripen.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל. 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 50:2

_ _ Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father, etc. — In ancient Egypt the embalmers were a class by themselves. The process of embalmment consisted in infusing a great quantity of resinous substances into the cavities of the body, after the intestines had been removed, and then a regulated degree of heat was applied to dry up the humors, as well as decompose the tarry materials which had been previously introduced. Thirty days were alloted for the completion of this process; forty more were spent in anointing it with spices; the body, tanned from this operation, being then washed, was wrapped in numerous folds of linen cloth — the joinings of which were fastened with gum, and then it was deposited in a wooden chest made in the form of a human figure.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 50:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 50:2

He ordered the body to be embalmed, not only because he died in Egypt, and that was the manner of the Egyptians, but because he was to be carried to Canaan, which would be a work of time.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 50:2

And Joseph commanded his servants the (a) physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel.

(a) He means those who embalmed the dead and buried them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the physicians:
The Hebrew ropheim, from rapha, to heal, is literally the healers, those whose business it was to heal, or restore the body from sickness, by administering proper medicines; and when death took place, to heal or preserve it from decomposition by embalming. The word chanat, to embalm, is also used in Arabic to express the reddening of leather; somewhat analogous to our tanning; which is probably the grand principal in embalming.

embalmed:

Genesis 50:26 So Joseph died, [being] an hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.
2 Chronicles 16:14 And they buried him in his own sepulchres, which he had made for himself in the city of David, and laid him in the bed which was filled with sweet odours and divers kinds [of spices] prepared by the apothecaries' art: and they made a very great burning for him.
Matthew 26:12 For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did [it] for my burial.
Mark 14:8 She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.
Luke 24:1 Now upon the first [day] of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain [others] with them.
John 12:7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.
John 19:39-40 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound [weight]. ... Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.
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Gn 50:26. 2Ch 16:14. Mt 26:12. Mk 14:8; 16:1. Lk 24:1. Jn 12:7; 19:39.

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