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Genesis 50:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Joseph fell on his father’s face, and wept over him and kissed him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Joseph fell upon the face of his father, and wept upon him, and kissed him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Joseph falleth on his father's face, and weepeth over him, and kisseth him;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when Joseph saw this, he fell upon his father's face, weeping and kissing him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Ioseph fell vpon his fathers face, and wept vpon him, and kissed him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept on him, and kissed him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yosef fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
fell 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his father's 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
face, 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
and wept 1058
{1058} Prime
בָּכָה
bakah
{baw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to weep; generally to bemoan.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, and kissed 5401
{5401} Prime
נָשַׁק
nashaq
{naw-shak'}
A primitive root (identical with H5400, through the idea of fastening up; compare H2388 and H2836); to kiss, literally or figuratively (touch); also (as a mode of attachment), to equip with weapons.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 50:1

_ _ Genesis 50:1-26. Mourning for Jacob.

_ _ Joseph fell upon his father’s face, etc. — On him, as the principal member of the family, devolved the duty of closing the eyes of his venerable parent (compare Genesis 46:4) and imprinting the farewell kiss.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 50:1-6

_ _ Joseph is here paying his last respects to his deceased father. 1. With tears and kisses, and all the tender expressions of a filial affection, he takes leave of the deserted body, Genesis 50:1. Though Jacob was old and decrepit, and must needs die in the course of nature — though he was poor comparatively, and a constant charge to his son Joseph, yet such an affection he had for a loving father, and so sensible was he of the loss of a prudent, pious, praying father, that he could not part with him without floods of tears. Note, As it is an honour to die lamented, so it is the duty of survivors to lament the death of those who have been useful in their day, though for some time they may have survived their usefulness. The departed soul is out of the reach of our tears and kisses, but with them it is proper to show our respect to the poor body, of which we look for a glorious and joyful resurrection. Thus Joseph showed his faith in God, and love to his father, by kissing his pale and cold lips, and so giving an affectionate farewell. Probably the rest of Jacob's sons did the same, much moved, no doubt, with his dying words. 2. He ordered the body to be embalmed (Genesis 50:2), not only because he died in Egypt, and that was the manner of the Egyptians, but because he was to be carried to Canaan, which would be a work of time, and therefore it was necessary the body should be preserved as well as it might be from putrefaction. See how vile our bodies are, when the soul has forsaken them; without a great deal of art, and pains, and care, they will, in a very little time, become noisome. If the body have been dead four days, by that time it is offensive. 3. He observed the ceremony of solemn mourning for him, Genesis 50:3. Forty days were taken up in embalming the body, which the Egyptians (they say) had an art of doing so curiously as to preserve the very features of the face unchanged; all this time, and thirty days more, seventy in all, they either confined themselves and sat solitary, or, when they went out, appeared in the habit of close mourners, according to the decent custom of the country. Even the Egyptians, many of them, out of the great respect they had for Joseph (whose good offices done for the king and country were now fresh in remembrance), put themselves into mourning for his father: as with us, when the court goes into mourning, those of the best quality do so too. About ten weeks was the court of Egypt in mourning for Jacob. Note, What they did in state, we should do in sincerity, weep with those that weep, and mourn with those that mourn, as being ourselves also in the body. 4. He asked and obtained leave of Pharaoh to go to Canaan, thither to attend the funeral of his father, Genesis 50:4-6. (1.) It was a piece of necessary respect to Pharaoh that he would not go without leave; for we may suppose that, though his charge about the corn was long since over, yet he continued a prime-minister of state, and therefore would not be so long absent from his business without licence. (2.) He observed a decorum, in employing some of the royal family, or some of the officers of the household, to intercede for this licence, either because it was not proper for him in the days of his mourning to come into the presence-chamber, or because he would not presume too much upon his own interest. Note, Modesty is a great ornament to dignity. (3.) He pleaded the obligation his father had laid upon him, by an oath, to bury him in Canaan, Genesis 50:5. It was not from pride or humour, but from his regard to an indispensable duty, that he desired it. All nations reckon that oaths must be performed, and the will of the dead must be observed. (4.) He promised to return: I will come again. When we return to our own houses from burying the bodies of our relations, we say, “We have left them behind;” but, if their souls have gone to our heavenly Father's house, we may say with more reason, “They have left us behind.” (5.) He obtained leave (Genesis 50:6): Go and bury thy father. Pharaoh was willing his business should stand still so long; but the service of Christ is more needful, and therefore he would not allow one that had work to do for him to go first and bury his father; no, Let the dead bury their dead, Matthew 8:22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 50:1

And Joseph fell upon his father's face and wept upon him, and kissed him — Joseph shewed his faith in God, and love to his father, by kissing his pale and cold lips, and so giving an affectionate farewell. Probably the rest of Jacob's sons did the same, much moved, no doubt, with his dying words.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fell:

Genesis 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up [again]: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.
Deuteronomy 6:7-8 And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. ... And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.
Ephesians 6:4 And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.

wept:

Genesis 23:2 And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same [is] Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
2 Kings 13:14 Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face, and said, O my father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.
Mark 5:38-39 And he cometh to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly. ... And when he was come in, he saith unto them, Why make ye this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
John 11:35-38 Jesus wept. ... Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.
Acts 8:2 And devout men carried Stephen [to his burial], and made great lamentation over him.
1 Thessalonians 4:13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.
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Gn 23:2; 46:4. Dt 6:7. 2K 13:14. Mk 5:38. Jn 11:35. Ac 8:2. Ep 6:4. 1Th 4:13.

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