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Genesis 49:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— O my soul, come not thou into their council; Unto their assembly, my glory, be not thou united; For in their anger they slew a man, And in their self-will they hocked an ox.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Let my soul not enter into their council; Let not my glory be united with their assembly; Because in their anger they slew men, And in their self-will they lamed oxen.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— O my soul, come not thou into their secret; to their assembly, my honor, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their self-will they digged down a wall.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My soul, come not into their council; Mine honour, be not united with their assembly; For in their anger they slew men, And in their wantonness houghed oxen.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Into their circle, do not thou enter, my soul! In their convocation, do not thou join, mine honour! For, in their anger, they slew brave men, And, in their wantonness, they hamstrung oxen.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Into their secret, come not, O my soul! Unto their assembly be not united, O mine honour; For in their anger they slew a man, And in their self-will eradicated a prince.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let not my soul go into their counsel, nor my glory be in their assembly: because in their fury they slew a man, and in their selfwill they undermined a wall.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— O my soule, come not thou into their secret: vnto their assembly mine honour be not thou vnited: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfe will they digged downe a wall.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Let not my soul come into their counsel, and let not mine inward parts contend in their conspiracy, for in their wrath they slew men, and in their passion they houghed a bull.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
O my soul, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
thou into their secret; 5475
{5475} Prime
סוֹד
cowd
{sode}
From H3245; a session, that is, company of persons (in close deliberation); by implication intimacy, consultation, a secret.
unto their assembly, 6951
{6951} Prime
קָהָל
qahal
{kaw-hawl'}
From H6950; assemblage (usually concretely).
mine honour, 3519
{3519} Prime
כָּבוֹד
kabowd
{kaw-bode'}
From H3513; properly weight; but only figuratively in a good sense, splendor or copiousness.
be not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
thou united: 3161
{3161} Prime
יָחַד
yachad
{yaw-khad'}
A primitive root; to be (or become) one.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
in their anger 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
they slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a man, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
and in their selfwill 7522
{7522} Prime
רָצוֹן
ratsown
{raw-tsone'}
From H7521; delight.
they digged down 6131
{6131} Prime
עָקַר
`aqar
{aw-kar'}
A primitive root; to pluck up (especially by the roots); specifically to hamstring; figuratively to exterminate.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
a wall. y7794
[7794] Standard
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
x7791
(7791) Complement
שׁוּר
shuwr
{shoor}
From H7788; a wall (as going about).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 49:5-7.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 49:5-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 49:6

They slew a man — Shechem himself, and many others; and to effect that, they digged down a wall, broke the houses to plunder them, and murder the inhabitants. O my soul, come not thou into their secret — Hereby he professeth not only his abhorrence of such practices in general, but his innocency particularly in that matter. Perhaps he had been suspected as under — hand aiding and abetting; he therefore solemnly expresseth his detestation of the fact.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 49:6

O my soul, come not thou into their (d) secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a (e) man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.

(d) Or, tongue: meaning that he neither consented to them in word or thought.

(e) The Shechemites (Genesis 34:26).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
O my soul:

Judges 5:21 The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength.
Psalms 42:5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and [why] art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him [for] the help of his countenance.
Psalms 42:11 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 43:5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 103:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name.
Jeremiah 4:19 My bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart; my heart maketh a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, because thou hast heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war.
Luke 12:19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry.

come:

Genesis 34:30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I [being] few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.
Psalms 5:10 Destroy thou them, O God; let them fall by their own counsels; cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions; for they have rebelled against thee.
Psalms 26:4-5 I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers. ... I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.
Psalms 28:3 Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity, which speak peace to their neighbours, but mischief [is] in their hearts.
Psalms 94:20-21 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law? ... They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.
Psalms 139:19 Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God: depart from me therefore, ye bloody men.
Proverbs 1:11 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:
Proverbs 1:15-16 My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path: ... For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.
Proverbs 12:5 The thoughts of the righteous [are] right: [but] the counsels of the wicked [are] deceit.

secret:

Deuteronomy 27:24 Cursed [be] he that smiteth his neighbour secretly. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Psalms 26:9 Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men:
Psalms 64:2 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity:
Jeremiah 15:17 I sat not in the assembly of the mockers, nor rejoiced; I sat alone because of thy hand: for thou hast filled me with indignation.

unto their:

Psalms 1:1 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.
Psalms 26:9 Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men:
Psalms 94:20 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law?
2 Corinthians 6:14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?

honour:

Psalms 16:9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.
Psalms 30:12 To the end that [my] glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.
Psalms 57:8 Awake up, my glory; awake, psaltery and harp: I [myself] will awake early.

a man:

Genesis 34:25-26 And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males. ... And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went out.
Genesis 34:30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I [being] few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.

digged down a wall:
or, houghed oxen
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 34:25, 30. Dt 27:24. Jg 5:21. Ps 1:1; 5:10; 16:9; 26:4, 9; 28:3; 30:12; 42:5, 11; 43:5; 57:8; 64:2; 94:20; 103:1; 139:19. Pv 1:11, 15; 12:5. Jr 4:19; 15:17. Lk 12:19. 2Co 6:14.

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