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Genesis 49:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Reuben, thou art my first-born, my might, and the beginning of my strength; The pre-eminence of dignity, and the pre-eminence of power.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Reuben, thou [art] my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Reuben, you are my firstborn; My might and the beginning of my strength, Preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Reuben, thou [art] my first-born, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellence of dignity, and the excellence of power:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Reuben, thou art my firstborn, My might, and the firstfruits of my vigour: Excellency of dignity, and excellency of strength.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Reuben, my first-born, thou, My vigour, and the firstfruit of my strength,—Preeminence of elevation, and preeminence of power:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Reuben! my first-born thou, My power, and beginning of my strength, The abundance of exaltation, And the abundance of strength;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Ruben, my firstborn, thou art my strength, and the beginning of my sorrow; excelling in gifts, greater in command.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Reuben, thou art my first borne, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellencie of dignitie, and the excellencie of power:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Reuben{gr.Ruben}, thou [art] my first-born, thou my strength, and the first of my children, hard to be endured, [hard and] self-willed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Reuven, thou [art] my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Rvn רְאוּבֵן, 7205
{7205} Prime
רְאוּבֵן
R@'uwben
{reh-oo-bane'}
From the imperative of H7200 and H1121; see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob.
thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
[art] my firstborn, 1060
{1060} Prime
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
my might, 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
and the beginning 7225
{7225} Prime
רֵאשִׁית
re'shiyth
{ray-sheeth'}
From the same as H7218; the first, in place, time, order or rank (specifically a firstfruit).
of my strength, 202
{0202} Prime
אוֹן
'own
{one}
Probably from the same as H0205 (in the sense of effort, but successful); ability, power, (figuratively) wealth.
the excellency 3499
{3499} Prime
יֶתֶר
yether
{yeh'-ther}
Properly an overhanging, that is, (by implication) an excess, superiority, remainder; also a small rope (as hanging free).
of dignity, 7613
{7613} Prime
שְׂאֵת
s@'eth
{seh-ayth'}
From H5375; an elevation or leprous scab; figuratively elation or cheerfulness; exaltation in rank or character.
and the excellency 3499
{3499} Prime
יֶתֶר
yether
{yeh'-ther}
Properly an overhanging, that is, (by implication) an excess, superiority, remainder; also a small rope (as hanging free).
of power: 5794
{5794} Prime
עַז
`az
{az}
From H5810; strong, vehement, harsh.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 49:3-4

_ _ Genesis 49:3, Genesis 49:4. Reuben.

_ _ Reuben forfeited by his crime the rights and honors of primogeniture. His posterity never made any figure; no judge, prophet, nor ruler, sprang from this tribe.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 49:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 49:3

Reuben thou art my first — born — Jacob here puts upon him the ornaments of the birth — right, that he and all his brethren might see what he had forfeited and in that might see the evil of his sin. As the first — born he was his father's joy, being the beginning of his strength. To him belonged the excellency of dignity above his brethren, and some power over them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 49:3

Reuben, thou [art] my firstborn, my (b) might, and the beginning of my strength, (c) the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:

(b) Begotten in my youth.

(c) If you have not left your birthright by your offence.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
my firstborn:

Genesis 29:32 And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely the LORD hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore my husband will love me.
Genesis 46:8 And these [are] the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn.
Genesis 48:18 And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father: for this [is] the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his head.
Numbers 1:20 And the children of Reuben, Israel's eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
Numbers 26:5 Reuben, the eldest son of Israel: the children of Reuben; Hanoch, [of whom cometh] the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu, the family of the Palluites:
1 Chronicles 2:1 These [are] the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,
1 Chronicles 5:1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he [was] the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.
1 Chronicles 5:3 The sons, [I say], of Reuben the firstborn of Israel [were], Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

my might:

Deuteronomy 21:17 But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated [for] the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he [is] the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn [is] his.
Psalms 78:51 And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of [their] strength in the tabernacles of Ham:
Psalms 105:36 He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 29:32; 46:8; 48:18. Nu 1:20; 26:5. Dt 21:17. 1Ch 2:1; 5:1, 3. Ps 78:51; 105:36.

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