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Genesis 49:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Dan shall be a serpent in the way, An adder in the path, That biteth the horse's heels, So that his rider falleth backward.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Dan shall be a serpent in the way, A horned snake in the path, That bites the horse’s heels, So that his rider falls backward.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse-heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Dan will be a serpent on the way, A horned snake on the path, Which biteth the horse's heels, So that the rider falleth backwards.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— It cometh to pass that, Dan, is a serpent upon the way, A horned viper, upon the path,—That biteth the heels of the horse, And his rider falleth backwards:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Dan is a serpent by the way, An adder by the path, Which is biting the horse's heels, And its rider falleth backward.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let Dan be a snake in the way, a serpent in the path, that biteth the horse's heels, that his rider may fall backward.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Dan shalbe a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heeles, so that his rider shall fall backward.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And let Dan be a serpent in the way, besetting the path, biting the heel of the horse (and the rider shall fall backward),
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Dän דָּן 1835
{1835} Prime
דָּן
Dan
{dawn}
From H1777; judge; Dan, one of the sons of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory; likewise a place in Palestine colonized by them.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a serpent 5175
{5175} Prime
נָחָשׁ
nachash
{naw-khawsh'}
From H5172; a snake (from its hiss).
by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the way, 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
an adder 8207
{8207} Prime
שְׁפִיפֹן
sh@phiyphon
{shef-ee-fone'}
From an unused root meaning the same as H7779; a kind of serpent (as snapping), probably the cerastes or horned adder.
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the path, 734
{0734} Prime
אֹרַח
'orach
{o'-rakh}
From H0732; a well trodden road (literally or figuratively); also a caravan.
that biteth 5391
{5391} Prime
נָשַׁךְ
nashak
{naw-shak'}
A primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent); figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the horse 5483
{5483} Prime
סוּס
cuwc
{soos}
From an unused root meaning to skip (properly for joy); a horse (as leaping); also a swallow (from its rapid flight).
heels, 6119
{6119} Prime
עָקֵב
`aqeb
{aw-kabe'}
From H6117; a heel (as protuberant); hence a track; figuratively the rear (of an army). (lier in wait is by mistake for H6120.).
so that his rider 7392
{7392} Prime
רָכַב
rakab
{raw-kab'}
A primitive root; to ride (on an animal or in a vehicle); causatively to place upon (for riding or generally), to despatch.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
shall fall 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
backward. 268
{0268} Prime
אָחוֹר
'achowr
{aw-khore'}
From H0299; the hinder part; hence (adverbially) behind, backward; also (as facing north) the West.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 49:17

_ _ Daniel — “a judge.”

_ _ a serpent ... an adder — A serpent, an adder, implies subtlety and stratagem; such was pre-eminently the character of Samson, the most illustrious of its judges.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 49:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall be:

Judges 14:1-15:20 And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines. ... And he judged Israel in the days of the Philistines twenty years.
Judges 16:22-30 Howbeit the hair of his head began to grow again after he was shaven. ... And Samson said, Let me die with the Philistines. And he bowed himself with [all his] might; and the house fell upon the lords, and upon all the people that [were] therein. So the dead which he slew at his death were more than [they] which he slew in his life.
Judges 18:22-31 [And] when they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men that [were] in the houses near to Micah's house were gathered together, and overtook the children of Dan. ... And they set them up Micah's graven image, which he made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh.
1 Chronicles 12:35 And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred.

an adder:
Heb. an arrow-snake
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Jg 14:1; 16:22; 18:22. 1Ch 12:35.

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