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Genesis 49:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he saw a resting-place that it was good, And the land that it was pleasant; And he bowed his shoulder to bear, And became a servant under taskwork.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he saw that rest [was] good, and the land that [it was] pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “When he saw that a resting place was good And that the land was pleasant, He bowed his shoulder to bear [burdens], And became a slave at forced labor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he saw that rest [was] good, and the land that [it was] pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant to tribute.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he saw the rest that it was good, And the land that it was pleasant; And he bowed his shoulder to bear, And was a tributary servant.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then beholdeth he rest, that it is good, And the ground, that it is pleasant,—So he bendeth his shoulder, to bear, And becometh a tributary servant.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he seeth rest that [it is] good, And the land that [it is] pleasant, And he inclineth his shoulder to bear, And is to tribute a servant.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He saw rest that it was good: and the land that it was excellent: and he bowed his shoulder to carry, and became a servant under tribute.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he saw that rest [was] good, and the land that [it was] pleasant: and bowed his shoulder to beare, and became a seruant vnto tribute.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And having seen the resting place that it was good, and the land that it was fertile, he subjected his shoulder to labour, and became a husbandman.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he saw that rest [was] good, and the land that [it was] pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
rest 4496
{4496} Prime
מְנוּחָה
m@nuwchah
{men-oo-khaw'}
Feminine of H4495; repose or (adverbially) peacefully; figuratively consolation (specifically matrimony); hence (concretely) an abode.
[was] good, 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
and the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
[it was] pleasant; 5276
{5276} Prime
נָעֵם
na`em
{naw-ame'}
A primitive root; to be agreeable (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and bowed 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his shoulder 7926
{7926} Prime
שְׁכֶם
sh@kem
{shek-em'}
From H7925; the neck (between the shoulders) as the place of burdens; figuratively the spur of a hill.
to bear, 5445
{5445} Prime
סָבַל
cabal
{saw-bal'}
A primitive root; to carry (literally or figuratively), or (reflexively) be burdensome; specifically to be gravid.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and became x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a servant 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
unto tribute. 4522
{4522} Prime
מַס
mac
{mas}
From H4549; properly a burden (as causing to faint), that is, a tax in the form of forced labor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 49:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rest:

Joshua 14:15 And the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba; [which Arba was] a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
Judges 3:11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
2 Samuel 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

bowed:

Psalms 81:6 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.
Ezekiel 29:18 Son of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head [was] made bald, and every shoulder [was] peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it:
Matthew 23:4 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay [them] on men's shoulders; but they [themselves] will not move them with one of their fingers.
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Jsh 14:15. Jg 3:11. 2S 7:1. Ps 81:6. Ezk 29:18. Mt 23:4.

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