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Genesis 44:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For how shall I go up to my father, if the lad be not with me? lest I see the evil that shall come on my father.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad [be] not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For how shall I go up to my father if the lad is not with me—for fear that I see the evil that would overtake my father?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For how shall I return to my father, and the lad [be] not with me? lest perhaps I see the evil that shall come on my father.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for how should I go up to my father if the lad were not with me?—lest I see the evil that would come on my father.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For how can I go up unto my father, should, the lad, not, be with me? lest I look on the calamity, that shall find out my father.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for how do I go up unto my father, and the youth not with me? lest I look on the evil which doth find my father.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I cannot return to my father without the boy, lest I be a witness of the calamity that will oppress my father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For how shall I goe vp to my father, and the lad be not with mee, lest peraduenture I see the euill that shall come on my father?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For how shall I go up to my father, the lad not being with us? lest I behold the evils which will befall my father.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad [be] not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
how 349
{0349} Prime
אֵיךְ
'eyk
{ake}
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
shall I go up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
my father, 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
and the lad 5288
{5288} Prime
נַעַר
na`ar
{nah'-ar}
From H5287; (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication a servant; also (by interchange of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age).
[be] not x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
me? lest peradventure x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
I see 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
shall come on 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
my father. 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 44:16-34.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 44:18-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 44:34

For (h) how shall I go up to my father, and the lad [be] not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.

(h) Meaning, he would rather remain as their prisoner, than to return and see his father in sorrow.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
lest:

1 Samuel 2:33-34 And the man of thine, [whom] I shall not cut off from mine altar, [shall be] to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age. ... And this [shall be] a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them.
2 Chronicles 34:28 Behold, I will gather thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace, neither shall thine eyes see all the evil that I will bring upon this place, and upon the inhabitants of the same. So they brought the king word again.
Esther 8:6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?
Jeremiah 52:10-11 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah. ... Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.

come on:
Heb. find,
Exodus 18:8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, [and] all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and [how] the LORD delivered them.
Job 31:29 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:
Psalms 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.
Psalms 119:143 Trouble and anguish have taken hold on me: [yet] thy commandments [are] my delights.
*marg.
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Ex 18:8. 1S 2:33. 2Ch 34:28. Es 8:6. Jb 31:29. Ps 116:3; 119:143. Jr 52:10.

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