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Genesis 4:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If thou doest well, shall it not be lifted up? and if thou doest not well, sin coucheth at the door: and unto thee shall be its desire, but do thou rule over it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee [shall be] his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If you do well, will not [your countenance] be lifted up? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And to thee [shall be] his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If thou doest well, will not [thy countenance] look up [with confidence]? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door; and unto thee [shall be] his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Shall it not, if thou do right, be lifted up? But, if thou do not right, at the entrance, a sin-bearer is lying,—Unto thee, moreover, shall be his longing, though, thou, rule over him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Is there not, if thou dost well, acceptance? and if thou dost not well, at the opening a sin-offering is crouching, and unto thee its desire, and thou rulest over it.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If thou do well, shalt thou not receive? but if ill, shall not sin forthwith be present at the door? but the lust thereof shall be under thee, and thou shalt have dominion over it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If thou doe well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sinne lieth at the doore: And vnto thee [shall be] his desire, and thou shalt rule ouer him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hast thou not sinned if thou hast brought it rightly, but not rightly divided it? be still, to thee shall be his submission, and thou shalt rule over him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee [shall be] his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If 518
{0518} Prime
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thou doest well, 3190
{3190} Prime
יָטַב
yatab
{yaw-tab'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively) make well, literally (sound, beautiful) or figuratively (happy, successful, right).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
shalt thou not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be accepted? 7613
{7613} Prime
שְׂאֵת
s@'eth
{seh-ayth'}
From H5375; an elevation or leprous scab; figuratively elation or cheerfulness; exaltation in rank or character.
and if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thou doest not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
well, 3190
{3190} Prime
יָטַב
yatab
{yaw-tab'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively) make well, literally (sound, beautiful) or figuratively (happy, successful, right).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
sin 2403
{2403} Prime
חַטָּאָה
chatta'ah
{khat-taw-aw'}
From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender.
lieth 7257
{7257} Prime
רָבַץ
rabats
{raw-bats'}
A primitive root; to crouch (on all four legs folded, like a recumbent animal); by implication to recline, repose, brood, lurk, imbed.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
at the door. 6607
{6607} Prime
פֶּתַח
pethach
{peh'-thakh}
From H6605; an opening (literally), that is, door (gate) or entrance way.
And unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
thee [shall be] his desire, 8669
{8669} Prime
תְּשׁוּקָה
t@shuwqah
{tesh-oo-kaw'}
From H7783 in the original sense of stretching out after; a longing.
and thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
shalt rule 4910
{4910} Prime
מָשַׁל
mashal
{maw-shal'}
A primitive root; to rule.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
over him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 4:7

_ _ If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? — A better rendering is, “Shalt thou not have the excellency”? which is the true sense of the words referring to the high privileges and authority belonging to the first-born in patriarchal times.

_ _ sin lieth at the door — sin, that is, a sin offering — a common meaning of the word in Scripture (as in Hosea 4:8; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 9:28). The purport of the divine rebuke to Cain was this, “Why art thou angry, as if unjustly treated? If thou doest well (that is, wert innocent and sinless) a thank offering would have been accepted as a token of thy dependence as a creature. But as thou doest not well (that is, art a sinner), a sin offering is necessary, by bringing which thou wouldest have met with acceptance and retained the honors of thy birthright.” This language implies that previous instructions had been given as to the mode of worship; Abel offered through faith (Hebrews 11:4).

_ _ unto thee shall be his desire — The high distinction conferred by priority of birth is described (Genesis 27:29); and it was Cain’s conviction, that this honor had been withdrawn from him, by the rejection of his sacrifice, and conferred on his younger brother — hence the secret flame of jealousy, which kindled into a settled hatred and fell revenge.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 4:6-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 4:7

If thou dost well, shalt thou not be accepted? — Either, 1. If thou hadst done well, as thy brother did, thou shouldest have been accepted as he was. God is no respecter of persons; so that if we come short of acceptance with him, the fault is wholly our own. This will justify God in the destruction of sinners, and will aggravate their ruin. There is not a damned sinner in hell, but if he had done well, as he might have done, had been a glorified saint in heaven. Every mouth will shortly be stopt with this. Or, 2. If now thou do well: if thou repent of thy sin, reform thy heart and life, and bring thy sacrifice in a better manner; thou shalt yet be accepted. See how early the gospel was preached, and the benefit of it here offered even to one of the chief of sinners.

He sets before him death and a curse; but, if not well — Seeing thou didst not do well, not offer in faith, and in a right manner, sin lieth at the door — That is, sin only hinders thy acceptance. All this considered, Cain had no reason to he angry with his brother, but at himself only. Unto thee shall be his desire — He shall continue in respect to thee as an elder brother, and thou, as the first — born, shall rule over him as much as ever. God's acceptance of Abel's offering did not transfer the birth — right to him, (which Cain was jealous of) nor put upon him that dignity, and power, which is said to belong to it, Genesis 49:3.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 4:7

If thou doest well, shalt thou not be (e) accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the (f) door. And unto thee [shall be] his (g) desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

(e) Both you and your sacrifice shall be acceptable to me.

(f) Sin will still torment your conscience.

(g) The dignity of the first born is given to Cain over Abel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
If thou doest well:

Genesis 19:21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.
2 Samuel 24:23 All these [things] did Araunah, [as] a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept thee.
2 Kings 8:28 And he went with Joram the son of Ahab to the war against Hazael king of Syria in Ramothgilead; and the Syrians wounded Joram.
Job 42:8 Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you [after your] folly, in that ye have not spoken of me [the thing which is] right, like my servant Job.
Proverbs 18:5 [It is] not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.
Ecclesiastes 8:12-13 Though a sinner do evil an hundred times, and his [days] be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with them that fear God, which fear before him: ... But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong [his] days, [which are] as a shadow; because he feareth not before God.
Isaiah 3:10-11 Say ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well [with him]: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. ... Woe unto the wicked! [it shall be] ill [with him]: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.
Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings [are] not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.
Malachi 1:8 And if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, [is it] not evil? and if ye offer the lame and sick, [is it] not evil? offer it now unto thy governor; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 1:10 Who [is there] even among you that would shut the doors [for nought]? neither do ye kindle [fire] on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
Malachi 1:13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness [is it]! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought [that which was] torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.
Acts 10:35 But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.
Romans 2:7-10 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life: ... But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
Romans 14:18 For he that in these things serveth Christ [is] acceptable to God, and approved of men.
Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
1 Timothy 5:4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.
1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

be accepted:
or, have the excellency,
Job 29:4 As I was in the days of my youth, when the secret of God [was] upon my tabernacle;
Proverbs 21:27 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind?
Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

sin:

Genesis 4:8-13 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. ... And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment [is] greater than I can bear.
Romans 7:8-9 But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin [was] dead. ... For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

unto thee:
or, subject unto thee,
Genesis 3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire [shall be] to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
*marg.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:16; 4:8; 19:21. 2S 24:23. 2K 8:28. Jb 29:4; 42:8. Pv 18:5; 21:27. Ec 8:12. Is 3:10. Jr 6:20. Mal 1:8, 10, 13. Ac 10:35. Ro 2:7; 7:8; 12:1; 14:18; 15:16. Ep 1:6. 1Ti 5:4. He 11:4. Jm 1:15. 1P 2:5.

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God is no respecter of persons... Acts 1o:34

In this paradoxical parenthesis The Holy Spirit leads us to understand the basics of being a Christian whom God approves for His ministry !

CAIN...( ACQUISITION) is a type of mere man of the earth who reflects attitude of self- righteousness and religiosity, being devoid of adequate sense of need of true ATONEMENT.
They do not WORSHIP God in TRUTH and in Spirit... This type is not approved of God for ministry and has no REWARD...

ABEL (EXALTATION or that which ascends) is a type of spiritual man who is ready to sacrifice in which Atoning Blood has been shed. (Heb 9:22). This type is ready to express of his faith in the interposition of a Substitute (Heb. 11:4)... This type is approved of God for ministry...
- Evangelist Kunal Mukherjee (7/4/2013 11:47:33 PM)
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