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Genesis 4:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Cain went out from the presence of Jehovah, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Cain went out from the presence of Jehovah, and dwelt in the land of Nod, toward the east of Eden.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So Cain went forth from the presence of Yahweh,—and dwelt in the land of Nod, eastward of Eden.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Cain goeth out from before Jehovah, and dwelleth in the land, moving about east of Eden;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Cain went out from the face of the Lord, and dwelt as a fugitive on the earth at the east side of Eden.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the East of Eden.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— So Cain went forth from the presence of God and dwelt in the land of Nod over against Eden{gr.Edem}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Qayin went out from the presence of Yahweh, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Kayin קַיִן 7014
{7014} Prime
קַיִן
Qayin
{kah'-yin}
The same as H7013 (with a play upon the affinity to H7069); Kajin, the name of the first child, also of a place in Palestine, and of an Oriental tribe.
went out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from the presence 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of N נוֹד, 5113
{5113} Prime
נוֹד
Nowd
{node}
The same as H5112; vagrancy; Nod, the land of Cain.
on the east 6926
{6926} Prime
קִדְמָה
qidmah
{kid-maw'}
Feminine of H6924; the forward part (or relatively) East (often adverbially on the East or in front).
of `en עֵדֶן. 5731
{5731} Prime
עֵדֶן
`Eden
{ay'-den}
The same as H5730 (masculine); Eden, the region of Adam's home.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 4:16

_ _ presence of the Lord — the appointed place of worship at Eden. Leaving it, he not only severed himself from his relatives but forsook the ordinances of religion, probably casting off all fear of God from his eyes so that the last end of this man is worse than the first (Matthew 12:45).

_ _ land of Nod — of flight or exile — thought by many to have been Arabia-Petraea — which was cursed to sterility on his account.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 4:16-18

_ _ We have here a further account of Cain, and what became of him after he was rejected of God.

_ _ I. He tamely submitted to that part of his sentence by which he was hidden from God's face; for (Genesis 4:16) he went out from the presence of the Lord, that is, he willingly renounced God and religion, and was content to forego its privileges, so that he might not be under its precepts. He forsook Adam's family and altar, and cast off all pretensions to the fear of God, and never came among good people, nor attended on God's ordinances, any more. Note, Hypocritical professors, that have dissembled and trifled with God Almighty, are justly left to themselves, to do something that is grossly scandalous, and so to throw off that form of godliness to which they have been a reproach, and under colour of which they have denied the power of it. Cain went out now from the presence of the Lord, and we never find that he came into it again, to his comfort. Hell is destruction from the presence of the Lord, 2 Thessalonians 1:9. It is a perpetual banishment from the fountain of all good. This is the choice of sinners; and so shall their doom be, to their eternal confusion.

_ _ II. He endeavoured to confront that part of the sentence by which he was made a fugitive and a vagabond; for,

_ _ 1. He chose his land. He went and dwelt on the east of Eden, somewhere distant from the place where Adam and his religious family resided, distinguishing himself and his accursed generation from the holy seed, his camp from the camp of the saints and the beloved city, Revelation 20:9. On the east of Eden, the cherubim were, with the flaming sword, Genesis 3:24. There he chose his lot, as if to defy the terrors of the Lord. But his attempt to settle was in vain; for the land he dwelt in was to him the land of Nod (that is, of shaking or trembling), because of the continual restlessness and uneasiness of his own spirit. Note, Those that depart from God cannot find rest any where else. After Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, he never rested. Those that shut themselves out of heaven abandon themselves to a perpetual trembling. “Return therefore to thy rest, O my soul, to thy rest in God; else thou art for ever restless.”

_ _ 2. He built a city for a habitation, Genesis 4:17. He was building a city, so some read it, ever building it, but, a curse being upon him and the work of his hands, he could not finish it. Or, as we read it, he built a city, in token of a fixed separation from the church of God, to which he had no thoughts of ever returning. This city was to be the head-quarters of the apostasy. Observe here, (1.) Cain's defiance of the divine sentence. God said he should be a fugitive and a vagabond. Had he repented and humbled himself, this curse might have been turned into a blessing, as that of the tribe of Levi was, that they should be divided in Jacob and scattered in Israel; but his impenitent unhumbled heart walking contrary to God, and resolving to fix in spite of heaven, that which might have been a blessing was turned into a curse. (2.) See what was Cain's choice, after he had forsaken God; he pitched upon a settlement in this world, as his rest for ever. Those who looked for the heavenly city chose, while on earth, to dwell in tabernacles; but Cain, as one that minded not that city, built himself one on earth. Those that are cursed of God are apt to seek their settlement and satisfaction here below, Psalms 17:14. (3.) See what method Cain took to defend himself against the terrors with which he was perpetually haunted. He undertook this building, to divert his thoughts from the consideration of his own misery, and to drown the clamours of a guilty conscience with the noise of axes and hammers. Thus many baffle their convictions by thrusting themselves into a hurry of worldly business. (4.) See how wicked people often get the start of God's people, and out-go them in outward prosperity. Cain and his cursed race dwell in a city, while Adam and his blessed family dwell in tents. We cannot judge of love or hatred by all that is before us, Ecclesiastes 9:1, Ecclesiastes 9:2.

_ _ 3. His family also was built up. Here is an account of his posterity, at least the heirs of his family, for seven generations. His son was Enoch, of the same name, but not of the same character, with that holy man that walked with God, Genesis 5:22. Good men and bad may bear the same names: but God can distinguish between Judas Iscariot and Judas not Iscariot, John 14:22. The names of more of his posterity are mentioned, and but just mentioned; not as those of the holy seed (ch. 5), where we have three verses concerning each, whereas here we have three or four in one verse. They are numbered in haste, as not valued or delighted in, in comparison with God's chosen.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Genesis 4:16

And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt on the east of Eden — Somewhere distant from the place were Adam and his religious family resided: distinguishing himself and his accursed generation from the holy seed; in the land of Nod — That is, of shaking or trembling, because of the continual restlessness of his spirit. Those that depart from God cannot find rest any where else. When Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, he never rested after.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
went:

Genesis 4:14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, [that] every one that findeth me shall slay me.
Genesis 3:8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.
Exodus 20:18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw [it], they removed, and stood afar off.
2 Kings 13:23 And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.
2 Kings 24:20 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
Job 1:12 And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath [is] in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD.
Job 2:7 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.
Job 20:17 He shall not see the rivers, the floods, the brooks of honey and butter.
Psalms 5:11 But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee.
Psalms 68:2 As smoke is driven away, [so] drive [them] away: as wax melteth before the fire, [so] let the wicked perish at the presence of God.
Jeremiah 23:39 Therefore, behold, I, even I, will utterly forget you, and I will forsake you, and the city that I gave you and your fathers, [and cast you] out of my presence:
Jeremiah 52:3 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
Luke 13:26 Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.
1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;

Nod:
So called from nad, "a vagabond," which Cain is termed in
Genesis 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
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Gn 3:8; 4:12, 14. Ex 20:18. 2K 13:23; 24:20. Jb 1:12; 2:7; 20:17. Ps 5:11; 68:2. Jr 23:39; 52:3. Mt 18:20. Lk 13:26. Jn 1:3, 10. 1Th 1:9.

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What is the land of Nod? The land of wandering, Strong's Number 5113. Thanks.
- Martha (9/26/2011 8:20:14 PM)
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