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Genesis 38:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in process of time Shua's daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheep-shearers to Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Judah's wife died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now after a considerable time Shua’s daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and when the time of mourning was ended, Judah went up to his sheepshearers at Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in process of time, the daughter of Shuah Judah's wife died: and Judah was comforted, and went up to his sheep-shearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And as the days were multiplied, Judah's wife, the daughter of Shua, died. And Judah was comforted, and he went up to his sheep-shearers, to Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when the days were multiplied, then died Shua's daughter, Judah's wife,—and Judah consoled himself, and went up unto his sheepshearers, he, and Hirah his friend the Adullamite, towards Timnah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the days are multiplied, and the daughter of Shuah, Judah's wife, dieth; and Judah is comforted, and goeth up unto his sheep-shearers, he and Hirah his friend the Adullamite, to Timnath.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And after many days were past: the daughter of Sue the wife of Juda died: and when he had taken comfort after his mourning, he went up to Thamnas, to the shearers of his sheep, he and Hiras the Odollamite, the shepherd of his flock.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in processe of time, the daughter of Shuah Iudahs wife died: and Iudah was comforted, and went vp vnto his sheepe-shearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the days were fulfilled, and Sava the wife of Judah{gr.Judas} died; and Judah{gr.Judas}, being comforted, went to them that sheared his sheep, himself and Iras his Shepherd the Adullamite{gr.Odollamite}, to Timnath{gr.Thamna}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And in process of time the daughter of Shua Yehudah's wife died; and Yehudah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Chirah the Adullami.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And in process y7235
[7235] Standard
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of time 3117
{3117} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
(7235) Complement
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
the daughter 1323
{1323} Prime
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of ` שׁוּעַ 7770
{7770} Prime
The same as H7769; shua, a Canaanite.
Yh's יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
wife 802
{0802} Prime
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
died; 4191
{4191} Prime
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
was comforted, 5162
{5162} Prime
A primitive root; properly to sigh, that is, breathe strongly; by implication to be sorry, that is, (in a favorable sense) to pity, console or (reflexively) rue; or (unfavorably) to avenge (oneself).
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
and went up 5927
{5927} Prime
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his sheepshearers 1494
{1494} Prime
A primitive root (akin to H1468); to cut off; specifically to shear a flock, or shave the hair; figuratively to destroy an enemy.
{6629} Prime
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to Timn תִּמנָת, 8553
{8553} Prime
From H4487; a portion assigned; Timnah, the name of two places in Palestine.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
and his friend 7453
{7453} Prime
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
r חִירָה 2437
{2437} Prime
From H2357 in the sense of splendor; Chirah, an Adullamite.
the `ullm עֲדֻלָּמִי. 5726
{5726} Prime
Patrial from H5725; an Adullamite or native of Adullam.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Genesis 38:12

_ _ Judah ... went up unto his sheep-shearers — This season, which occurs in Palestine towards the end of March, was spent in more than usual hilarity, and the wealthiest masters invited their friends, as well as treated their servants, to sumptuous entertainments. Accordingly, it is said, Judah was accompanied by his friend Hirah.

_ _ Timnath — in the mountains of Judah.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis 38:12-23

_ _ It is a very ill-favoured story that is here told concerning Judah; one would not have expected such folly in Israel. Judah had buried his wife; and widowers have need to stand upon their guard with the utmost caution and resolution against all fleshly lusts. He was unjust to his daughter-in-law, either through negligence or design, in not giving her his surviving son, and this exposed her to temptation.

_ _ I. Tamar wickedly prostituted herself as a harlot to Judah, that, if the son might not, the father might raise up seed to the deceased. Some excuse this by suggesting that, though she was a Canaanite, yet she had embraced the true religion, and believed the promise made to Abraham and his seed, particularly that of the Messiah, who was to descend from the loins of Judah, and that she was therefore thus earnestly desirous to have a child by one of that family that she might have the honour, or at least stand fair for the honour, of being the mother of the Messiah. And, if this was indeed her desire, it had its success; she is one of the four women particularly named in the genealogy of Christ, Matthew 1:3. Her sinful practice was pardoned, and her good intention was accepted, which magnifies the grace of God, but can by no means be admitted to justify or encourage the like. Bishop Patrick thinks it probable that she hoped Shelah, who was by right her husband, might have come along with his father, and that he might have been allured to her embraces. There was a great deal of plot and contrivance in Tamar's sin. 1. She took an opportunity for it, when Judah had a time of mirth and feasting with his sheep-shearers. Note, Time of jollity often prove times of temptation, particularly to the sin of uncleanness; when men are fed to the full, the reins are apt to be let loose. 2. She exposed herself as a harlot in an open place, Genesis 38:14. Those that are, and would be, chaste, must be keepers at home, Titus 2:5. It should seem, it was the custom of harlots, in those times, to cover their faces, that, though they were not ashamed, yet they might seem to be so. The sin of uncleanness did not then go so barefaced as it does now.

_ _ II. Judah was taken in the snare, and though it was ignorantly that he was guilty of incest with his daughter-in-law (not knowing who she was), yet he was willfully guilty of fornication: whoever she was, he knew she was not his wife, and therefore not to be touched. Nor was his sin capable, in the least, of such a charitable excuse as some make for Tamar, that though the action was bad the intention possibly might be good. Observe, 1. Judah's sin began in the eye (Genesis 38:15): He saw her. Note, Those have eyes, and hearts too, full of adultery (as it is 2 Peter 2:14), that catch at every bait that presents itself to them and are as tinder to every spark. We have need to make a covenant with our eyes, and to turn them from beholding vanity, lest the eye infect the heart. 2. It added to the scandal that the hire of a harlot (than which nothing is more infamous) was demanded, offered, and accepted — a kid from the flock, a goodly price at which her chastity and honour were valued! Nay, had the consideration been thousands of rams, and ten thousand rivers of oil, it had not been a valuable consideration. The favour of God, the purity of the soul, the peace of conscience, and the hope of heaven, are too precious to be exposed to sale at any such rates; the Topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal them: what are those profited that lose their souls to gain the world? 3. It turned to the reproach of Judah that he left his jewels in pawn for a kid. Note, Fleshly lusts are not only brutish, but sottish, and ruining to men's secular interests. It is plain that whoredom, as well as wine, and new wine, takes away the heart first, else it would never take away the signet and the bracelets.

_ _ III. He lost his jewels by the bargain; he sent the kid, according to this promise, to redeem his pawn, but the supposed harlot could not be found. He sent it by his friend (who was indeed his back-friend, because he was aiding and abetting in his evil deeds) the Adullamite, who came back without the pledge. It is a good account (if it be but true) of any place which they here gave, there is no harlot in this place; for such sinners are the scandals and plagues of any place. Judah sits down content to lose his signet and his bracelets, and forbids his friend to make any further enquiry after them, giving this reason, lest we be shamed, Genesis 38:23. Either, 1. Lest his sin should come to be known publicly, and be talked of. Fornication and uncleanness have ever been looked upon as scandalous things and the reproach and shame of those that are convicted of them. Nothing will make those blush that are not ashamed of these. 2. Lest he should be laughed at as a fool for trusting a strumpet with his signet and his bracelets. He expresses no concern about the sin, to get that pardoned, only about the shame, to prevent that. Note, There are many who are more solicitous to preserve their reputation with men than to secure the favour of God and a good conscience; lest we be shamed goes further with them than lest we be damned.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in process of time:
Heb. the days were multiplied, comforted.
Genesis 24:67 And Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah's tent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; and he loved her: and Isaac was comforted after his mother's [death].
2 Samuel 13:39 And [the soul of] king David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.
, sheep shearers,
Genesis 31:19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that [were] her father's.
1 Samuel 25:4-8 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep. ... Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.
1 Samuel 25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart [was] merry within him, for he [was] very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light.
2 Samuel 13:23-29 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which [is] beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons. ... And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.

Timnath is, in all probability, that in the border of Judah, between Jerusalem and Diospolis, given to Dan, and mentioned in the history of Samson as belonging to the Philistines.
Genesis 38:1 And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name [was] Hirah.
Joshua 15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which [is] Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:
Joshua 15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,
Joshua 15:37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdalgad,
, Timnah,
Joshua 19:43 And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron,
, Thimnathah,
Judges 14:1 And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines.
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Gn 24:67; 31:19; 38:1. Jsh 15:10, 35, 37; 19:43. Jg 14:1. 1S 25:4, 36. 2S 13:23, 39.

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Good question. It is good to trust your logic and intuition, and yet the living Word of the Most High, of the Creator YHWH, explains mysteries, parables, and apparent contradictions to us, the not-yet-so-wise children of the same Creator. We are all created in God's image, and it is said the Lord spoke face to face to his servant Moses, but since even angels can take the form of man, perhaps the Creator can take many and all forms, as He is Lord of All. Moses saw the Lord's glory pass before him, but was hid in the cleft of a rock, and looked only on the Lord's hind parts, and not directly into His face, precisely because no man could look directly into the Lord's face and survive. What did the Lord then mean, when He told Miriam and Aaron, that He spoke to prophets in dreams and visions, but not so to his servant Moses, who alone in all his House was faithful. With Moses He spoke face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. Clearly Moses the fine man, who God raised to help serve and help save His people Israel, was afforded a more intimate conversation with His Lord and Savior, and yet still a man, was not allowed to enter the Promised Land. Maybe then, Moses was able to speak directly into the Angel of the Lord's face, or a manifestation of God, the first-born and only-begotten Son's face, or an aspect of the Lord's face which was able to be seen safely by man. Jesus, who is the Way, the Truth, and the Life, the Lion of Judah will explain this apparent contradiction and all other things to us at the right time. Praise the Lord, and Praise to Jesus' name, now and to the Age, and forever more!
- Gerard Israel Michael (10/15/2011 3:00:18 AM)
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