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Genesis 37:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there passed by Midianites, merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And they brought Joseph into Egypt.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then some Midianite traders passed by, so they pulled [him] up and lifted Joseph out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty [shekels] of silver. Thus they brought Joseph into Egypt.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then there passed by Midianites, merchants; and they drew and lifted Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Midianitish men, merchants, passed by; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty silver-pieces; and they brought Joseph to Egypt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And there passed by certain Midianites, travelling merchants, so they drew forth and uplifted Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites, for twenty pieces of silver,—and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Midianite merchantmen pass by and they draw out and bring up Joseph out of the pit, and sell Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty silverlings, and they bring Joseph into Egypt.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when the Madianite merchants passed by, they drew him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ismaelites, for twenty pieces of silver: and they led him into Egypt.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then there passed by Midianites merchant men, and they drew and lift vp Ioseph out of the pit, and sold Ioseph to the Ishmeelites for twentie [pieces] of siluer: and they brought Ioseph into Egypt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the men, the merchants of Midian{gr.Madian}, went by, and they drew and lifted Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites{gr.Ismaelites} for twenty pieces of gold; and they brought Joseph down into Mizraim{gr.Egypt}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then there passed by Midyanim merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Yosef out of the pit, and sold Yosef to the Yishmeelim for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Yosef into Mitzrayim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then there passed y5674
[5674] Standard
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
by x5674
(5674) Complement
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
Miynm מִדיָנִים 4084
{4084} Prime
מִדְיָנִי
Midyaniy
{mid-yaw-nee'}
Patronymic or patrial from H4080; a Midjanite or descendant (native) of Midjan.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
merchantmen; 5503
{5503} Prime
סָחַר
cachar
{saw-khar'}
A primitive root; to travel round (specifically as a pedlar); intensively to palpitate.
y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and they drew 4900
{4900} Prime
משׁךְ
mashak
{maw-shak'}
A primitive root; to draw, used in a great variety of applications (including to sow, to sound, to prolong, to develop, to march, to remove, to delay, to be tall, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and lifted up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the pit, 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
and sold 4376
{4376} Prime
מָכַר
makar
{maw-kar'}
A primitive root; to sell, literally (as merchandise, a daughter in marriage, into slavery), or figuratively (to surrender).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
to the Yim`lm יִשׁמְעֵאלִים 3459
{3459} Prime
יִשְׁמְעֵאלִי
Yishma`e'liy
{yish-maw-ay-lee'}
Patronymic from H3458; a Jishmaelite or descendant of Jishmael.
for twenty 6242
{6242} Prime
עֶשְׂרִים
`esriym
{es-reem'}
From H6235; twenty; also (ordinal) twentieth.
[pieces] of silver: 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
and they brought 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Ysf יוֹסֵף 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
into Mixrayim מִצרַיִם. 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 37:26-28.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Genesis 37:23-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Genesis 37:28

Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the (i) Ishmeelites for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.

(i) Moses writes according to the opinion of those who took the Midianites and Ishmaelites to be one, and here mixes their names: as also appears in (Genesis 37:36, Genesis 39:1) or else he was first offered to the Midianites, but sold to the Ishmaelites.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Midianites:

Genesis 37:25 And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry [it] down to Egypt.
Genesis 25:2 And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.
Exodus 2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.
Numbers 25:15 And the name of the Midianitish woman that was slain [was] Cozbi, the daughter of Zur; he [was] head over a people, [and] of a chief house in Midian.
Numbers 25:17 Vex the Midianites, and smite them:
Numbers 31:2-3 Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people. ... And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.
Numbers 31:8-9 And they slew the kings of Midian, beside the rest of them that were slain; [namely], Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword. ... And the children of Israel took [all] the women of Midian captives, and their little ones, and took the spoil of all their cattle, and all their flocks, and all their goods.
Judges 6:1-3 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years. ... And [so] it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them;
Psalms 83:9 Do unto them as [unto] the Midianites; as [to] Sisera, as [to] Jabin, at the brook of Kison:
Isaiah 60:6 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD.

sold:

Genesis 45:4-5 And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I [am] Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt. ... Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life.
Psalms 105:17 He sent a man before them, [even] Joseph, [who] was sold for a servant:
Zechariah 11:12-13 And I said unto them, If ye think good, give [me] my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty [pieces] of silver. ... And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty [pieces] of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.
Matthew 26:15 And said [unto them], What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.
Matthew 27:9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;
Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 25:2; 37:25; 45:4. Ex 2:16. Nu 25:15, 17; 31:2, 8. Jg 6:1. Ps 83:9; 105:17. Is 60:6. Zc 11:12. Mt 26:15; 27:9. Ac 7:9.

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Thanks. im not concerned with traditions, but with the truth.. Only one can be truth
- Ray (12/10/2011 3:04:43 PM)
Dear Ray,

This entire section of Genesis [37:17-36], concerning the circumstances surrounding Joseph being sold to the Egyptians, has challenged Bible readers for a long time. It seems to contain two separate traditions:

In one tradition, Joseph's brothers conspired against him, and Reuben says, "Shed no blood; cast him into this pit." Reuben then intends to later rescue Joseph, however Midianite merchants passed by, and drew him out of the pit, before Reuben could come back. The Midianites subsequently sold him to the Egyptians [verse 36].

In a separate tradition, Joseph's brothers conspired against him, saying, "Let us slay him, and cast him into one of the pits." Then Judah comes up with the idea to sell him to the Ishmaelites instead. In which case, the Ishmaelites -- not the Midianites -- would have brought Joseph into Egypt [verse 28].
- Martin (12/5/2011 2:09:47 AM)
Wondering what this verse is really saying. I have allways beeen taught that Joseph literally was sold by his brothers, but recently been told by a church member that that has been taught in churches, but was wrong and that this verse is stateing that they (his brotheres) were planning to sell him, but the Midianite merchantmen men came by drew Joseph out of the pit and sold him to the Ishmelites not his brothers. Was Joseph stolen by the Midianites?
- Ray (12/4/2011 1:18:35 PM)
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